In fact, our continued presence in the guise as Empire has emboldened the enemy (Al Qaeda) and provided ready-made recruits who view the wars in Afghanistan and Iraq as a crusade against Islam.Our continued presence will become a blowback which will threaten other regimes such as Bahrain,Qatar, Kuwait, UAE, and Yemen which is now experiencing a Shia rebellion in their Northern most provinces. Pakistan is trying to throw the yoke of a Taliban uprising in the SWAT Valley whichthreatens nearby Islamabad. “It also shows that imperial behavior by one power can lead tocounterbalancing by other powers. Imperial expansion can even cause proliferation of weapons of mass destruction among poor countries as the great equalizers vis-à-vis the imperial power.Finally, the military interventions required to maintain an empire can erode the foundationsof the constitutional system of a republic such as the United States.” (Ivan Eland, November 26,2002).
All have underestimated the terrain, people, culture, and history of the country and the region.Throughout its history Afghanistan has been a country steeped in tribal conflict, ruled bywarlords, poor mountain terrain, and governed by a fierce independence. It’s no wonder thatFrank L. Holt called Afghanistan the “Land of Bones.” Unless the United States and NATOquickly changes it mode of operations in Afghanistan, no amount of Troop increases will give usleverage for a quick victory in such a God forsaken country. Both the U.S. and NATO would bewise to learn from the failed military strategies of their predecessors.“Second, we must acknowledge that the wars waged in Afghanistan by Alexander, Britain, theSoviet Union, and now the United States share some salient features that may not bodewell for our future. For example, all these invasions of Afghanistan went well at first, but so far no superpower has found a workable alternative to what might be called the recipefor ruin in Afghanistan: