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Creation of More Provinces and National Integration

Creation of More Provinces and National Integration

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Published by neoindus
division of provinces will lead to further gap between the ethnic
groups of Pakistan and ultimate disintegration.
by Zulfiqar Mirani
division of provinces will lead to further gap between the ethnic
groups of Pakistan and ultimate disintegration.
by Zulfiqar Mirani

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Published by: neoindus on Dec 28, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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 In a recent statement at National Defence College, thePrime Minister Muhammad Khan Jamali has floated theidea of dividing current provinces to create newprovinces of the size of divisions. The PrimeMinister, however, has not elaborated the reason, aimand objective of such division.Mr. Jamali probably does not demand this directly to create aprovince for Muhajirs as per desire and aspiration ofthe MQM and long term plan of people of muslimminority provinces of India as Sindhi nationalistshave been blaming.Creating of smaller provinces is advocated, by itssuuporters, for two reasons; one, to eliminateregionalism or communalism and ultimate nationalintegration of all races and ethnic communities ofPakistan; and second, to overcome administrativedifficulties in implementing various governmentpolicies and plans.As for the province of Sindh is concerned, the idea ofdividing or eliminating current province is not new.At least two experiments have been made in pastcentury; one, by the British while annexing Sindh toBombay and other, after partition by merging all of
the provinces of west Pakistan to form one unit in1955. History reveals that the seeds of modern Sindhinationalism have been sworn in andflourished after these two incidents. It is alreadyproved by above two experiments that artificial andun-natural merger of races and communities make thesmaller communities and nationalities defensive, whoemerge as more united and stronger after suchartificial actions. Nations are not formed byordinances or by passing bills in the assemblies.Though geographical changes took place after passingof bill by England's parliament in 1947, butPakistan's ethnic groups has yet to merge in singlenation in true sense.People do not wake-up in one fine morning and startspeaking a specific language or behave in a specificmanner because a national assembly passes a billor a president of a country issues an ordinance.Adaptation of any language, culture, ideology orbehaviour is made whenever such need is arisen. Takingvery example of our own country; there has never beenstrong opposition to adopt English as officiallanguage by any ethnic group including Bengali andSindhi, whose languages were already being used asofficial languages of the respective provinces beforepartition, despite bitter political experiences withBritish and gulf of seven seas. Because learning andadaptation of English is need of the modern age, forprogress and development. There is consensus among theanalysts that secessionism in Bengal, that was theonly province among muslim majority provincessupporting idea of partition into Muslim and HinduIndia right from the beginning of the movement,commenced when their mother-tongue was replaced byimposing Urdu upon them right in the early years ofpartition. The Urdu-speaking population settled ininterior of Sindh have adapted Sindhi language, notbecause any ordinance or law dictates so, but becauseit their need over there. Same is true for Sindhis
dealing and living in pre-dominantly Urdu-speakingareas of Karachi, even before the partition tookplace. Street language of Anarkali and Kisakhawanibazaars can not be replaced by Urdu or Englishsuddenly by promulgation of ordinance. Need,convenience and other factors are involved in adaptingany language, culture, social values.Integration of various races into a single Sindhiethnic group, including Baluch, Pathan, Punjabi,Hindu, Muslim, is result of long historical process;and not of a `
Shahi Farman' 
of the ex-rulers. Theintegration of races belonging from Kachh to Kandharand from Gawadar to Gilgit into Sindhi nation orethnic group (as one may call it) has not beenartificially implemented. This merger of races isresult of sharing happiness, sufferings and sorrows,passing through cold and hot seasons, facing hardtimes together, fighting collectively against foreignaggressions, helping one another during difficulttimes through the period spread over centuries.One must accept the reality that Punjab, Sindh, NWFPwere well established states before partition; hadtheir own legislative assemblies and independentgovernments. There were lot of princely states ruledby Princes including Kalat, Khairpur and Bahawalpurwhich used to function even after partition and weremerged into Pakistan at later years. Sindhi, Punjabi,Baluch and Pathan are not the identities given by somelaw or legislation, but are natural ethnic groupsevolved through hundreds of years of history. Theprocess of evolution continues, the future shape ofthese communities can not be predicted at this time.The geographical area Kacch to Kandhar and fromGawadar to Gilgit is a single unit though not remainedThere are multiple factors involved in forming a

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