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Corner Details for Wall Horizontal Bars

Corner Details for Wall Horizontal Bars

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september 2009
Detailing Corner
Joint ACI-CRSI Committee 315-B,Details of Concrete Reinforcement—Constructibility, has developed forumsdealing with constructibility issues forreinforced concrete. Staff at the Con-crete Reinforcing Steel Institute (CRSI)are presenting these topics in a regular series ofarticles. CRSI staff will also respond to requests forinformation (RFIs) regarding design, detailing, andconstruction. If you’d like to suggest an article topicor submit an RFI for this feature, please send ane-mail to Neal Anderson, CRSI’s Vice President ofEngineering, at nanderson@crsi.org with the subjectline “Detailing Corner.”
ontinuity of horizontal reinforcing steel at cornersand wall intersections can be ensured in several ways.While the designer’s first concern must be to provideconnections that satisfy safety and serviceability requirements,the designer must also be aware that some reinforcementdetails may be more constructible than others.
In general, long horizontal reinforcing bars with hooksat one or both ends should be avoided. For the ironworker,lifting long horizontal bars and tying them into place canbe problematic, especially if they are positioned overhead.If the bars have hooks, they’ll tend to sag and twist,making them even more awkward to handle. Positioninglong hooked bars in the proper location is difficult, andonce installed, there are few means to adjust their locations.Long horizontal bars with hooks at each end alsorequire the ironworker to line up the bars in two planes.This is quite difficult, so the placed bars may violateconcrete cover requirements at one or both ends. Even ifall bars are correctly positioned at one end, however, thebars at the other end will usually be very uneven. Thedesigner should keep these issues in mind and provideappropriate corner and intersection arrangements.Wall bars are often assembled in curtains or mats thatare lifted into position in the wall form. If the reinforcementcurtains are to be preassembled in the shop or field,hooks would complicate preassembly, transportation,storage, and handling as well as make placement moredifficult. Providing separate bars at intersections enhancesconstructibility by allowing adjacent panels to be installedwithout interference. The curtains can then be adjustedto maintain precise concrete cover as the independenthooked bars are being tied in place.While the extra bar length and weight needed for lapsplices may appear to be an inefficient use of material,the associated costs are usually more than offset by theincreased production, handling, and installation efficienciesassociated with preassembled curtains.
single laer reinforcing laot
Figure 1 shows sectional plan views of intersections ofwalls reinforced with single layers of horizontal bars
Details a), b), and d) show bars with corner hooks onlong horizontal bars. If possible, these hook arrangements
Corner Detailfor WallHorizontal Bar
september 2009
0 in. (typ.)
a)d) b)e)c)
should be avoided. As indicatedpreviously, they can hinder installationor make it difficult to preassembleand install reinforcement curtains.Details c) and e) show the preferredsolutions, with separate hooked barsat the wall intersections.
Doble laer reinforcinglaot
Figure 2 shows sectional plan viewsof intersections of walls reinforcedwith double layers of horizontal bars
 For the 90-degree corner, Details a)and b) are examples of horizontalbars with hooks in both reinforcementplanes. If possible, these schemesshould be avoided, as they make itdifficult to use preassembledcurtains of bars. Although Detail c)is fairly common, Detail d) ispreferred. Separate 90-degreehooked bars lapped with twopreassembled double-bar curtains isgenerally considered to be veryconstructible. Detail e) providesan alternate layout that is also idealfor preassembled reinforcing barcurtains or precast wall panels.However, this detail can only be usedin wall panels that are thick enoughto accommodate the width of thehairpin or U bars. Keeping in mindthat the minimum width of a 180-degreehook is eight bar diameters for No. 8(No. 25) and smaller bars and 10 bardiameters for No. 9, 10, and 11(No. 29, 32, and 36) bars, and notingas well that the detail should allowfor a +1 in. (+25 mm) fabricationtolerance, this limitation can besignificant.For tee-intersections, Detail f) issimilar to Details a) and b) for the90-degree corner. Again, this detailshould be avoided if possible. Detail g)illustrates the preferable reinforcingbar layout, showing separate hookedbars lapped with preassembled barcurtains. If the wall is thick enough,Detail h) is a potential variation of
d) e)a) b) c)f) g) h)
Fig. 1: Sectional plan views showing intersections of walls reinforced with single layer of horizontal barsFig. 2: Sectional plan views showing intersections of walls reinforced with doublelayers of horizontal bars

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