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Notes on Schizophrenia, Paranoia, and Postmodernism

Notes on Schizophrenia, Paranoia, and Postmodernism

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Published by ADM
Written for an essay I was working on.
Written for an essay I was working on.

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Published by: ADM on Dec 29, 2009
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02/01/2013

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Proverbs For Paranoids And The Culturally Schizophrenic
Mental Illness. Grolier\u2019s. 27 January 1994.
SCHIZOPHRENIA

Ideas and feelings are isolated from one another;a patient may speak incoherently, for

example, or express frightening or sad ideas in a happy manner. Contrary to some popular accounts, however, schizophrenics do not have a \u201csplit personality\u201d in the sense of different personalities on different occasions; the rare syndrome of multiple personality is actually a variety of NEUROSIS.

Thesymp tom s of schizophrenia include delusions, hallucinations, thought disorders, loss of
boundaries between self and nonself, blunted or inappropriate emotional expression, socially
inappropriate behavior, loss of social interests, and deterioration in areas of functioning such as
social relations, work, and self\u00adcare.
Delusions: A patient may believe that he or she is an important historical personality, or is
being persecuted by others, or has died, or that a machine controls his or her thoughts.
Hallucinations are false sensory experiences. Most schizophrenic hallucinations are auditory,

but some are visual or olfactory. The content is often grandiose,hypo cho nd ri ac al (\u201cI think I have stomach cancer\u201d \u2014 Taxi Driver), or religious. Some hallucinatory voices speak of matters related to the patient's emotional problems or delusional concerns; others transmit apparently irrelevant messages.

Schizophrenic thought disorder may include a general lowering of intellectual efficiency, afree\u00ad
associative rambling from one topic to another,a loss of the distinction between figurative
and literal usages of words (Borges, Tl\u00f6n Uqbar: poetic objects), reduced ability to think
abstractly, invention of new words (called neologisms), and idiosyncratic misuse of common
words.
Schizophrenic episodes have been correlated with
increased
levels of the
NEUROTRANSMITTERdo pa mi ne, especially in the brain\u2019s left hemisphere, and with lowered
glucose metabolism in the brain\u2019s frontal lobes and basal ganglia. Some investigators suspect
that a slow\u00adacting virus is responsible.
Its subtypes include paranoid schizophrenia, in which delusions are prominent (believing
oneself to be historically significant [\u201cI think of words that could alter history.\u201d \u2014 Hinckley]);
catatonic schizophrenia, characterized by silent immobility for weeks or months (usually

followed by a frenzy of agitation) (Borgmann\u2019s national state ofsul le nn es s, and Hinckley\u2019s \u201clong depression and despair\u201d); and hebephrenic (disorganized) schizophrenia, characterized by intellectual disorganization, chaotic language (most postmodern, self\u00adaware texts; Hinckley\u2019s \u201cmind doesn\u2019t mind\u201d rant; ), silliness, and absurd ideas that often concern deterioration of the

patient\u2019s body(\u201cI think I have stomach cancer\u201d \u2014 Taxi Driver). In practice, most patients have
some symptoms consistent with each of these categories.

Since the late 1950s schizophrenia has been treated primarily with antipsychotic medications\u00ad\u00ad phenothiazines, butyrophenones, and thioxanthenes\u00ad\u00adwhich block the action of dopamine in the brain. They do not cure schizophrenia, but they reduce the symptoms.

PARANOIA
Paranoia, in psychology, is a state of mind characterized by delusions of grandeur or by an
unfounded belief that one is being persecuted by others, or both.

Those with chronic cases tend to form rigid belief systems, often misinterpret the behavior of others as confirming their delusional views, and exhibit a great deal of anger and hatred (as Hinckley and Bickle obviously did with their \u201csomeday a real rain will come\u201d mentality).

Some theorists suggest, however, that paranoid individuals project onto others attributes that
they dislike in themselves.
Social isolation \u2014 whether by choice or circumstance \u2014 seems to exacerbate paranoia.
Delusional (paranoid) disorder is the term used to describe acute paranoia cases of a month or
less in duration, which may be brought about by other emotional problems.
Paranoia is also a characteristic of a subtype of SCHIZOPHRENIA known as paranoid
schizophrenia.In addition to having the symptoms described above, persons with paranoid
schizophrenia have frequent auditory hallucinations (\u201cAre you talking to me? Well, who are
you talking to?\u201d) that reinforce their delusions.

Paranoia can originate in a toxic psychosis from marijuana orco cai ne. Cocaine, the big drug of the 1980s, separated the individual from a reality, or enhanced it, and then terrified a nation who feared the crime the drug precipitated.

Bleuler\u2019s schizophrenic short story, \u201cThe Blossoming Time of Horticulture\u201d

At the time of the new moon venus stands in the Augutsky of Egypt and lights up with its light rays the merchant\u00adtravel\u00adharbours of Suez, Cairon, and Alexandria. In this historically famous Caliphcity is the museum of Assyrian statues from Macedonia. Besides pisang, also corn, oats, clover, and barley grow there. Bananas, figs, lemons, oranges, and olives. Olive oil is an Arabian liquer sauce which the Afghans, Blackamoors, and Moslemites use for ostrich breeding. (Cutting, 1985, 309)

Look for similar effort from Beckett.
Doctor:
How long have you been in this hospital?
Patient: 29 years.
Doc:
What\u2019s the matter with you?
Pat:
Pneumonia.
Doc:
That\u2019s a long time to have had pneumonia.
Pat:
I caught it from a thermometer at Guy\u2019s Hospital. The thermometer said that everyone
of the age of 20 would get either the flu or pneumonia and I got pneumonia.
Doc:
In my view, thermometers only measure temperature. They don\u2019t actually specify what
illness people have.
Pat:
Well you better go back and look up your medical books.
JOHN HINCKLEY, JR
John Hinckley to Jodie Foster, on postcard: \u201cOne day you and I will occupy the White House
and the peasants will drool with envy.\u201d (USN & WR, 5/17/82, 15). Delusions of grandeur.

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