4. The attributes of Allah are unlimited. The Qur’anmentions 99 attributes and many verses show thecompleteness of His uluhiyyah (godliness or worthi-ness to be worshipped). Among these attributes al-qayyum (the self-subsisting), almuqaddam (the pro-moter. and albaqi (the eternal, as distinct frommakhluk, or His creation. He has no son, no father,and no comparison. He does not need help from Hiscreatures but His creatures do need help from Him.He is unique (al abid) in His being, attributes, work,and leadership. He is al ’alim (all-knowing), al hayy(the living), at wasi’ (the all-embracing), and hasmany other attributes unknown to us).
1.1.2. Final judgement
1. Paradise is the reward for the obedient mumin (be-liever) and hell-ﬁre is the punishment for disbelievers.Allah the Almighty has said:(When) some will be in the Paradise, and some inthe blazing ﬁre.’[Qur’an 42:7]2. All members of mankind are able to do good andavoid evil through their eﬀort and will, but one can-not do good without help and good fortune (tauﬁq)from Allah. Allah the Almighty has said:By the soul and the proportion and order given to it,and its enlightenment as to its wrong and its right- truly he succeeds who puriﬁes it, and he fails thatcorrupts it.[Qur’an 7-10]Every soul will be (held) in pledge for itsdeeds.[Qur’an 74:38]3. One should remain close to Allah whether alone ornot. Allah, the Almighty has said:Do you not see that Allah knows (all) that is in theheavens and on earth? There is not a secret con-sultation among three persons but He is the fourthamong them nor between ﬁve but He is the sixth -nor between fewer nor more but He is in their midst,wheresoever they be, in the end will He tell the truthof their conduct, on the Day of Judgement. For Allahhas full knowledge of all things.[Qur’an 58:7]
1. Allah has sent His messengers with the Books of rev-elation so that all of mankind may know Allah, theirpurpose in this world, and their ﬁnal destination.Prophet Muhammad (may the blessings and peaceof Allah be upon him) is the ﬁnal prophet amongthe prophets that Allah has sent. He was helpedand strengthened by Allah with the Qur’an, the onlymiracle that lasts forever.2. Allah alone has the right to make laws. The Shari’ahor law of Allah cannot be overruled. A Muslim is lim-ited to ijtehad or intellectual eﬀort in deriving lawsfrom the shari’ah Allah the Almighty has said:Whatever it be wherein you diﬀer, the decisionthereof is with Allah: Such is Allah my Lord: inHim I trust, and to Him I turn? [Qur’an 42:10]3. Human traditions and the opinion of the earlier gen-erations of Muslim scholars in ta’wil (interpretationof the Qur’an and hadith) are important. The ta’wilmade by the scholars of the later generations shouldnot cause bitter arguments between traditionalistand modernist groups.
One should love Allah so much that one’s heart is al-ways looking for Him. This love for Allah will impel oneto good deeds, sacriﬁce, and struggle for His sake, so muchso that one’s attachment to this temporary world and toone’s family cannot stop one from doing good deeds. Hehas said:Say, if your fathers, your sons, your brothers, yourmates, or your kindred, and nation or the wealth that youhave gained, or the commerce in which you fear a decline,or the dwellings in which you delight - are dearer to youthan Allah or His messenger and the striving in His cause -then wait until Allah brings about His decision; and [knowthat Allah] does not guide the rebellious. [Qur’an 9:24]One should sacriﬁce in the cause of Allah because onelikes to taste the sweetness of faith. The Prophet said (maythe blessings and peace of Allah be upon him):Those who have three things will taste the sweetness of faith, namely, a love for Allah and His Messenger greaterthan for anything else, a love for another only because of Allah, and hatred of returning to kufr (unbelief) as strongas one’s hatred of being thrown into hell-ﬁre. [Bukhari]
1. One must serve Allah alone, and not admit any ri-vals to Him or partners. A Muslim worships Allahbecause Allah has ordered him through His Messen-ger to do so. Allah the Almighty has said:For We assuredly sent amongst every people a mes-senger (with the command) serve Allah and avoidevil. [Qur’an 16:36]2. Every Muslim should learn and try to understandthe names or attributes of Allah. Abu Hurairah nar-rated a hadith that the Prophet (may the blessingsand peace of Allah be upon him) said:3