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Maths D (Normal Track) Year 10 (3 YEARS)

Maths D (Normal Track) Year 10 (3 YEARS)

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Published by Yenny Tiga

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Published by: Yenny Tiga on Dec 29, 2009
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Content coverageScope and DevelopmentSuggested ActivitiesResources
1. SYMMETRY (2 week)
1.1 Line Symmetry
Introduce the idea of symmetry of planefigures in general using practical examples likepaper folding, mirror images, live examplesfrom nature such as leaves and flowers, models,etc.
Recognise symmetrical figures, identify thelines of symmetry and determine the number of lines of symmetry.
Complete the missing part of a figure, givenits line(s) of symmetry.
Guide students to discover that a circle hasan infinite number of lines of symmetry.Use paper cuttings andfoldings to demonstratethat certain shapes havelines of symmetry whereasothers may not have any.Get students to use papersand scissors to designshapes that have one lineof symmetry and othersthat have more lines of symmetry.Select students’ cut-outsand paste them on a chartshowing the shapes and thenumber of lines of symmetry.http://www.ex.ac.uk/cimt/mepres/allgcse/bka3.pdf has useful workon symmetryhttp://www.bbc.co.uk/schools/gcsebitesize/maths/shape/symmetryrev2.shtmlhasinteractivedemonstrations andinformation aboutsymmetry
SPN-21 (Interim Stage) Year 10 Normal Track (2 + 3) Page 1 of 23
1.2 RotationalSymmetry
Introduce the idea of rotational symmetry.
Recognise figures which possess rotationalsymmetry and identify figures that have norotational symmetry.
Determine the centre of rotation and statethe order of rotational symmetry for givenfigures, shapes and logos.
Give examples of point of symmetry, notingthat the centre of rotational symmetry is a pointof symmetry if the order of rotational symmetryof the figure is a multiple of 2.
Discuss the symmetric properties of equilateral and isosceles triangles, square,rectangle, rhombus, parallelogram, trapeziumand kite.Introduce the idea of rotation by demonstrationusing a teaching aid. Arotational symmetry boardcan be made as follows:1. Draw on a manila card:rectangle, equilateraltriangle, square,rhombus, regularpentagon, parallelogram,isosceles triangle,scalene triangle andtrapezium.2. Draw the same figuresonanother manila card of differentcolour and cut out thefigures.3. Secure the cut-outs overtheirrespective figures on thebig card(Step 1) using pinsthrough thecentre of rotation.4. Rotate the cut-outs oneby oneand explain the idea of rotationalsymmetry. Note the cutoutsrotate about the fixedpoint calledthe
centre of rotation.
Content coverageScope and DevelopmentSuggested ActivitiesResources
1.3 SymmetricalPropertiesof RegularPolygons
Discuss line symmetry and rotational symmetryproperties of the regular polygons: equilateraltriangle, square and other regular polygons.Give materials to studentsto design shapes with
specified number of lines of symmetry
SPN-21 (Interim Stage) Year 10 Normal Track (2 + 3) Page 2 of 23
Find the lines of symmetry, the centre and theorder of rotational symmetry of the regularpolygons.
specified order of rotational symmetryAn example is this figurewith order of rotationalsymmetry =61.4 Symmetry in Solids 
Introduce the idea of symmetry of solids ingeneral using models such as cubes, cuboids,cylinders, cones and pyramids, etc.
Recognise symmetry with respect to a plane.
Explain the technique to identify an axis of rotational symmetry of a solid with its respectiveorder of rotational symmetry.
Discuss solids with an infinite number of plane symmetry such as spheres, cylinders, etc.Ask the students toconstruct the prisms toenable them to see thesymmetry properties moreeasily. Cut the solids intotwo equal parts and identifythe plane of symmetry.Give examples of solidswith no plane symmetrysuch as irregular solids.
SPN-21 (Interim Stage) Year 10 Normal Track (2 + 3) Page 3 of 23

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