i) Healthii) Education, ,iii) Agricultureiv) Other Service Delivery Organization
To enhance citizens' participation and promoting accountability , transparency and efficiency ingovernance process.
i) HealthIn Bangladesh, 51% of the population does not have access to essential drugs. Further, there areonly 26 physicians per 100,000 population compared to 279 for US and 162 for China. ICT canhelp bring medical expertise to Upazilla and District headquarters. Tele-medicine, for instancemay link healthcare centers in remote locations, through satellites, with super specialty hospitalsat major towns / cities. Thus it can bring connectivity between patients at remote end, withspecialist doctors, for medical consultations and treatment. For example a few Health care center in Bangladesh uses tele-medicine to bring health-care facilities from super specialty center abroad.
ii) EducationDistance education has tremendous potential to spread learning in any country. Elearning is acost-effective way of providing education at a distance. This is especially important consideringthat around 80% of our illiterate population are from the rural areas.In this context, it is essential that the government, the industry, NGOs and academia formspartnership to accelerate the Digitalization process. Together, they need to create an 'enablingenvironment' for the proliferation of ICT in Bangladesh. There are some basic steps thatBangladesh needs to foster online education to be offered by Open University and our NationalUniversity.iii) AgricultureSince more than half of our population is employed in agriculture, our planner should put ICT togood use in agriculture. For example, India has led the use of remote sensing satellite informationfor locating irrigation projects. The Internet has been effectively used in some of the villages toensure effective dissemination of agricultural commodity price information. The National DairyDevelopment Board (NDDB) in India has used IT effectively, to enhance competitiveness of thedairy industry and to provide benefits to the rural masses. Towards digital Bangladesh we canuse the Indian experience of using ICT in different sectors of the agriculture.
iv) Other Service Delivery OrganizationIn the public sector, ICT can be used for more efficient governance. In a developing country likeBangladesh, there is a significant need for introducing transparency and efficiency in governmentoperations. Through E-governance, the service delivery organization can effectively deliver their service to citizens. By separating the delivery of services from decision-making, the chances of corruption are reduced. Further, E-governance reduces the time in interactions with thegovernment. For instance,The Internet can be used as a cheap communication channel that governments can use to reachout to their citizens and vice versa. For instance, citizens can monitor the progress of variousgovernment initiatives online. ICT also enables effective planning. Simulation can be used as agood tool for what-if analysis. It helps the citizens understand the parameters of public systems(over a period of time) like pollution levels, provision of basic infrastructure - schools, water,electricity, health care, commuting times, etc.
6. Increased Connectivity