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Smart Textiles

Smart Textiles



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Published by rappier

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Published by: rappier on Dec 30, 2009
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Smart Textiles
Final Paper for classTXMI 8120
Smart Textiles
Smart textiles are defined as textiles that interact with their surroundings. According toLangenhove and Hertleer (2004) smart textiles are referred to as those textiles that are able toreact and adapt to an environment stimuli. The origin of the stimulus and the response can beeither from an electrical, thermal, chemical or magnetic source. While interactive textiles havean electronic device sewn into it and operated by an integrated control panel or button. Thesetextiles are a result of new market division arising from drop in material price and change inclothing industry scenario with manufacturing of products for specific end uses. The marketdemand for electrically facilitated smart fabrics and interactive textile technologies waspredicted to increase from US $340.0 million in 2005 to US $642.1 million by 2008 resulting in acompound annual growth rate of 28.3% (Ohmatex smart textile technology; 2007). Thisincrease in demand for smart textiles can be attributed to it being more user- friendly,providing more freedom to user and having more efficient services support.Smart textiles are used for five functions that can be distinguished in an intelligent suit- sensor,data processing, actuators, storage and communication. Usually an intelligent suit does notcontain all these functions combined together in it. The function itself is more intrinsic propertyof the material and structure; therefore appropriate materials and structures that arecompatible with the function of clothing (such as comfortability, durability) are required(Langenhove and Hertleer; 2004). An overview on possible applications with respect tofunctionalities of smart textiles are listed in the table below (Reichl, Kallmayar and Linz; 2006)-
Some examples of interactive textiles and their significance in day to day applications is listed inthe next table (Lauterbach and Jung; 2005)-

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