The use of winged recoverable vehicles propelled by efficient
first-stage boosters for hypersonic and satellitevehicles has considerable merit, ranging from reduced booster cost when
large number of launches are to be made to increased operationalversatility.sounding rockets has been frequently advocated.
discussion of thetechnique
presented in references
and 2. Launching
body into anearth orbit by such means
Robotti, whobased his calculations on
also the objective of the more recent Project Caleb, conducted by the
in which F4D and F4H airplanes are used (ref.
The use of this technique for launching upper-atmosphere
many years the air-launching technique
used to launch the
now being used with the
research airplanes. The resultant gains in performance and operationalsafety have been appreciable.
air-launch manned satellite vehicles,however,
require much greater launch-package weight. Some analystshave proposed the construction of large, specially built airplanespropelled by turbojet and ram-jet engines for boosting satellite vehiclesof such size that they could be manned (refs.
enormous cost and the time that would be required to developsuch
believed expedient to explore the capabilities of thelarger bombersthat now exist or are being developed in the UnitedStates.analytical study of the performance of satellite vehicles launched fromtwo of these bombers. Similar studies have also been made by otherinvestigators (ref.
for example).Because of thePresented in this paper are the results of
the investigaticn, most of the launches were made
highsubsonic Mach number; however, to show the effect of launch speed andaltitude
few launches were made
Mach number of
Altitudeswere chosen that were appropriate to the speed and type of airplanebeing considered.using four different booster configurations. Although
payload weightof 10,000 pounds
used for most of the calculations, lighterandheavier weights were also investigated.Launch-package weights ranged up
poundsThe launch o0p o