12 Olympian Gods and Goddesses
There were 12 Olympian gods and goddesses in Greek mythology, although you may run across 14 differentnames. Hestia, Demeter, Dionysus, Hephaestus, and Hades are variable. The remaining are: Apollo, Ares, Hermes,Poseidon, and Zeus, among the gods; Aphrodite, Athena, Artemis, and Hera, among the goddesses.The Roman versions of the Greek names are: Apollo, Mars, Mercury, Neptune, and Jupiter, among the canonicalmales; Venus, Minerva, Diana, and Juno, among the canonical females. The alternates are Vesta, Ceres, Bacchus,Vulcan, and Pluto.The twelve Olympian gods and goddesses were the major deities with prominent roles in Greek mythology.Although Being an Olympian god meant a throne on Mt. Olympus, some of the major Olympians spent most of their timeelsewhere. Poseidon lived in the sea and Hades in the Underworld.
Demeter - Greek Goddess of Agriculture and Wheat
Who Is Demeter?:
Demeter is a goddess of fertility, grain, and agriculture. She is pictured as a maturemotherly figure. Although she is the goddess who taught mankind about agriculture, she isalso the goddess responsible for creating winter and a mystery religious cult. Demeter isusually accompanied by her daughter Persephone.
Family of Origin:
Demeter was a daughter of the Titans Cronus and Rhea. Demeter was a sister of thegoddesses Hestia and Hera, and the gods Poseidon, Hades, and Zeus.
Demeter in Roman Mythology:
The attributes of Demeter are a sheaf of grain, a conical headdress, a scepter, atorch, and a sacrificial bowl.
Hermes - Greek Messenger of the Gods
Who Is Hermes?:
Hermes is familiar as the messenger god in Greek mythology. In a related capacity,he brought the dead to the Underworld in his role of "Psychopompos". Zeus made histhieving son Hermes god of commerce. Hermes invented various devices, especiallymusical ones, and possibly fire. He is known as a helpful god.
Family of Origin:
Hermes is the son of Zeus and Maia (one of the Pleiades).
Hermes is sometimes shown as young and sometimes bearded. He wears a hat, winged sandals, and shortcloak. Hermes has a tortoise-shell lyre and the staff of a shepherd. In his role as psychopompos, Hermes is the"herdsman" of the dead. Hermes is referred to as luck-bringing (messenger), giver of grace, and the Slayer of Argus.