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unit3 task2

unit3 task2

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Published by emilyjfox

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Published by: emilyjfox on Dec 30, 2009
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05/11/2011

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Emily FoxUnit 3Task 2 – First Aid And Children’s Diets.Any environment where children are present will encounter incidentsor injuries at some time. Children are naturally curious and need toinvestigate their surroundings. As children get older and theirmemory develops, usually they start to realise that certain actionshave certain consequences, and so they start to develop a certainamount of self-protection. Adults working with young children needto have knowledge of child development in order to anticipate whenan accident is likely to happen. Adults also need to be aware of howto make the setting a safer place and where to go for advice andequipment.If you are first on the scene of an accident or emergency you mustensure you follow the correct procedures until help arrives.
For more information on dealing with accidents and emergencies see unit 3, task 1.
Possible accidents and emergencies include:-burns and scalds;-electrocution;-choking;-poisoning;-falls: fractures;-faints or loss of consciousness-anaphylactic shock;
 
-bleeding;-breathing difficulties of asthma attack.Ideally all adults working with children should complete a basic firstaid course in order to be able to recognise, and deal effectivelywith, any possible accidents and emergencies.Staff need to be aware of the location and contents of all first aidkits available. Minor injuries, such as small cuts and grazes, willusually be dealt with by the designated first aider.Children with head injuries will be given a ‘bump’ letter to informparents/carers of the incident.All children’s accidents should be noted in the first aider’s book.K14 Children’s Diets And Allergic Reactions.All staff should be made aware of any pupil with a known foodallergy or dietary requirement. Clear, written, instructions should bereadily available for each child.Children can have an allergy or intolerance to many different foods.Symptoms include rashes, itching, diarrhoea, vomiting, swellingaround the mouth, breathing difficulties and shock.Anaphylactic shock is a sudden allergic reaction which can be fatal ifnot given immediate medical attention. Symptoms are usually swellingand itching of the mouth and throat a raised itchy rash, swelling ofthe face, then difficulty breathing. It is usual for the person tobecome very agitated and their blood levels begin to drop, at thispoint the casualty will lose consciousness. All this occurs within afew minutes of contact with the allergen. Immediate treatment istherefore vital.
 
Immediate treatment for anaphylactic shock is via an injection ofadrenaline, which any member of staff working with the pupil(especially during lunch times) should be trained to administer. Thecasualty must always go to the hospital as soon as possible, even ifappearing to have recovered fully. Further treatment at the hospitalmay be required once the adrenaline has worn off.K15 Recognising And Dealing With Children’s Illnesses.All staff need to be aware of the signs of all types of illnesses whichmay occur in children, including those which signify the incubation oronset of illnesses.Young children, or those who have trouble communicating, sometimescannot explain their symptoms. They may display non-specificcomplaints such as headaches, sleeplessness, vomiting or an inabilityto stand up. Sometimes there is even less verbal communication and you may have to rely on visual signs such as pale skin, flushed cheeks,rashes and rings around the eyes. Sometimes the child may just notseem themselves; they may be quieter, more clingy or irritable thanusual.If a child is showing any of these symptoms the parents/carersshould be informed straight away.K16 Emergency Procedures Within Setting.FireCopies of the fire procedure are displayed at various points aroundthe school. Regular fire drills are given to ensure all staff and pupilsknow what to do.Security

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