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unit3 Task4

unit3 Task4

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Published by emilyjfox

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Published by: emilyjfox on Dec 30, 2009
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05/11/2011

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Emily FoxTask 4 – BehaviourChildren need clear, consistent boundaries. They will have to keeptesting out boundaries that are not clear or consistent: they willcheck to see if it is still there, or if it can be moved; they will checkto see if all the adults are keeping this boundary or only one. It isbest to have just a few boundaries agreed to by everyone as a team,if at all possible. It helps the children to feel secure.When boundaries are set they need to be explained to the children.If a child oversteps the boundary, it is important that the child doesnot feel worthless or disliked for what has been done. This isavoided by criticising the child’s actions rather than the childthemselves.Children often model themselves, both consciously ad unconsciously,on the adults around them and copy what they say. Teachers need tobe very careful what messages they give to children through theirown behaviour. In particular, they should try to avoid any activitythat might encourage stereotyping.Stereotyping is the expectation people may have of themselves andothers, based on age, gender, race or disability.Stereotyping can damage children’s development and self-esteem inmany ways. It can stop children from achieving their full potential,because they believe that they can or cannot do something becauseof a stereotype. For example, gender stereotyping can make childrenbehave in certain ways that they think is expected of them: girls arealways expected to be caring and gentle, boys boisterous andadventurous.
 
Theories on Behaviour.Different people have different theories on how children learn tobehave. The three most common are:-Behaviourist Theory-Social Learning Theory-Self-fulfilling Prophecy TheoryBehaviourist Theory.Developed by B.F.Skinner, based on the idea that if good behaviouris recognised and rewarded, children will learn that it is acceptableand will repeat it.Rewards are called Positive Reinforcers and can be things such asattention from teachers, praise, a treat, a sticker and so on.However, children can sometimes use unacceptable behaviour toattract attention – this should be ignored. This is called NegativeReinforcement.Good behaviour = praise, attention, treat = Good behaviourSocial Learning Theory.Developed by Albert Bandura, suggests that children learn to behaveby watching and copying what happens around them.Self-fulfilling Prophecy Theory.Suggests that the way adults think about their children willinfluence how the children behave. This theory holds that negativelabelling of children can be harmful.
 
Parents and teachers can help children to learn and show ‘wanted’behaviour by:-staying calm-creating a positive atmosphere and environment where children cansee and feel that they are important and valued-being a good role model-praising and rewarding wanted behaviour and ignoring unwantedbehaviour-having realistic expectations of children, depending on their ageand stage of development-being consistent in what is acceptable and unacceptable-setting clear guidelines and boundaries about what is acceptable-letting children know they are loved, unconditionally-being consistent in using any sanctions-treating all children equallyHandling unwanted behaviour.It takes a long time for children to learn how to control theirfeelings and to ‘behave’, it is sometimes impossible for them to doso. Often, sudden changes in children’s lives can affect theirbehaviour – sometimes it may be something as simple as tiredness.How much their behaviour is affected will depend on their age, theirlevel of understanding and the attitudes and support of the adultsaround them.

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