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Concrete Basics

Concrete Basics

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Published by: engcecbepc on Dec 30, 2009
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01/15/2013

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CONCRETE BASICS
 A Guide to Concrete Practice
CONTENTS
Cement Concrete & Aggregates Australia
1
Concrete Basics
Contents
1
Cement Concrete & Aggregates Australia
Cement Concrete & Aggregates Australia is a not for profit organisationsponsored by the cement concrete and aggregate industries in Australiato provide information on the many uses of cement and concrete. Thispublication is produced by CCAA for that purpose. Since the informationprovided is intended for general guidance only and in no way replaces theservices of professional consultants on particular projects, no legal liabilitycan be accepted by CCAA for its use.
First Published July 1991Second Edition 1992Third Edition 1994Fourth Edition 1996Fifth Edition October 2002Sixth Edition August 2004
 
Foreword
Concrete is widely used in domestic, commercial, recreational, rural andeducational construction.Communities around the world rely on concrete as a safe, strong and simplebuilding material.It is used in all types of construction;from domestic work tomulti-storey office blocks and shopping complexes.Despite the common usage of concrete, few people are aware of theconsiderations involved in designing strong, durable, high quality concrete.
Concrete Basics 
aims to provide a clear, concise explanation of all aspects ofmaking quality concrete;from the Materials and Properties involved throughPlanning, Preparation, Finishing and Curing.
Concrete Basics 
addresses the needs of unskilled and semi-skilled personsundertaking general concreting projects including home and handyman projects.
Concrete Basics 
also assists owner builders in the supervision of construction.It aims to develop an understanding of highly technical terms through cleardefinition accompanied by simple illustrations.A general understanding of theseterms will help to facilitate communication within the building industry.
Concrete Basics 
will help to generate a higher standard of workmanship on-siteand facilitate better communication among construction workers, builders,engineers, building surveyors, architects and anyone interested in understandingthe processes involved in making quality concrete.
Cement Concrete & Aggregates Australia
2
Concrete Basics
Foreword2
 
CHAPTER 1
Concrete Materials
CONCRETE
is made by mixing:CEMENTWATERCOARSE AND FINE AGGREGATESADMIXTURES(if required).The aim is to mix these materials in measuredamounts to make concrete that is easy to:TRANSPORTPLACECOMPACTFINISHand which will set, and harden, to give a strongand durable product.The amount of each material (ie cement, water andaggregates) affects the properties of hardened concrete.(
CEMENT
The cement powder, when mixed with water,forms a paste.This paste acts like glue and holds or bonds theaggregates together.There are six majortypes of cement soldin Australia:Type GP(General Purpose Portland cement)Type GB(General Purpose Blended Cement)Type HE(High Early Strength cement)Type LH(Low Heat cement)Type SR(Sulfate Resisting cement)Type SL(Shrinkage Limited cement)Each type of cement will produce concrete with different properties.The most common types of cement are Type GP and Type GB.Blended cements contain portland cement and more than 5% ofeither fly ash, ground slag, silica fume, or a combination of these.
Cement Concrete & Aggregates Australia
3
Concrete Basics
Concrete Materials
3
AGGREGATES65–80% of mix volumeWATERCEMENT

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