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Spm Add Maths Formula List Form4

Spm Add Maths Formula List Form4

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Published by: cashewnut_mish on Dec 31, 2009
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12/27/2013

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ONE-
Add Maths Formulae List: Form 4 (Update 18/9/08)
01
Functions
Absolute Value FunctionInverse Function
 f 
(
 x
), if 
 f 
(
 x
)
0
 f 
(
 x
)
 f 
(
 
 x
), if 
 f 
(
 
 x
)
<
0
If 
 y
=
 f 
(
 x
)
, then
 f 
1
(
 y
)
=
 x
Remember:Object = the value of 
 x
Image = the value of 
 y
or 
 f 
(
 x
)
 f 
(
 x
) map onto itself means
 f 
(
 x
) =
 x
02 Quadratic
Equations
General Form
ax
 
2
+
bx
+
c
=
0
were
a,
an
c
are constants an
a
0.
Quadratic Formula
2
 x
 
=
b
 
±
b
4
 
ac
2
a
When the equation can not be factorized.
Forming Quadratic Equation From its Roots:
If α and
β
are the roots of a quadratic equation
α
+
β
= −
b
αβ
=
c
a
a
The Quadratic Equation
 x
2
 
(
α
+
β
 
)
 
 x
+
 
αβ
=
0
or 
 x
2
(
SoR
)
 x
+
(
 PoR
)
=
0
Nature of Roots
b
2
4
ac
>
0
two real and different roots
b
2
4
ac
= 0
two real and equal roots
b
2
4
ac
<
0
no real roots
b
2
4
ac
0
the roots are real
 
ONE-
03 Quadratic
Functions
General Form
 f 
(
 x
)
=
ax
2
+
 
bx
+
c
where
a, b
, and
c
are constants and
a
0.*Note that the highest power of an unknown of aquadratic function is
2
.
a
>
0
minimum
(smiling face)
a
<
0
maximum
(sad face)
Completing the square:
 f 
(
 x
)
=
a
(
 x
+
 p
)
2
+
q
(i)the value o
 x
,
 x
=
 p
(ii)min./max. value =
q
(iii)min./max. point =
(
 p
,
q
)(iv)equati
 
on of axis of symmetry,
 x
=
 p
Alternative method:
 f 
(
 x
)
=
ax
2
+
 
bx
+
c
Quadratic Inequalities
a
>
0 and
 f 
(
 x
)
>
0
a
>
0 and
 f 
(
 x
)
<
0
abab x
<
a
or 
 x
>
ba
<
 x
<
b
Nature of Roots
b
2
4
ac
>
0
intersects two different pointsat
 x
-axis
b
2
4
ac
=
0
touch one point at
 x
-axis
b
2
4
ac
<
0
does not meet
 x
-axis
04 Simultaneous
Equations
To find the intersection point
solves simultaneous equation.Remember: substitute linear equation into non- linear equation.
 
ONE-
05 Indices and
Logarithm
Fundamental if Indices
Zero Index,
a
0
=
 
1
 Negative Index,
a
1
=
1
a
(
a
)
1
 
=
bba
1
Fractional Index
a
 
n
=
n
a
m
a
 
n
=
n
Laws of Indices
a
m
×
 
a
n
=
a
m
+
 
n
a
m
÷
 
a
 
n
=
a
 
m
n
(
a
m
)
n
 
=
 
a
m
×
n
(
ab
)
n
=
a
n
b
n
a
a
n
( )
n
=
b
b
n
Fundamental of Logarithm
log
a
 y
=
 x
a
 x
=
 y
log
a
a
=
 
1log
a
a
 x
=
 x
log
a
1
=
0
Law of Logarithm
log
a
mn
=
log
a
m
+
 
log
a
n
log
m
=
log
m
 
 
log
n
a
n
a
a
log
a
m
n
= n
log
a
m
Changing the Base
log
b
=
log
c
b
a
log
a

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