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Spm Chemistry Formula List Form5

Spm Chemistry Formula List Form5

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08/12/2013

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ONE-
Short Notes: Form 5 Chemistry
Rate
or
Reaction
Calculation
Rate of Reaction (Average Rate)
Rates of reaction
=
Quantity change of 
reactants/products
Total time for the
reaction
If the quantity change is immeasurable
Rates of reaction
=1
Total time for the
reaction
Find the Rate From a GraphAverage RateRates At an Instant
The rate of reaction is equal to the slope of the graphof quantity against time.
Rate of Reaction =Δ(Product)Δ(Time)
The rate of reaction at an instant, t, is equal to theslope of tangent at that instant.
Rate of Reaction =Δ(Product)Δ(Time)
 
Chemical
Reaction
Precipitation of Sulphur
2HCl
(aq)
+ Na
2
S
2
O
3(aq)
 
2NaCl
(aq)
+ S
(s)
+ SO
2(g)
+ H
2
O
(l)
Notes:
1. Yellow precipitate (sulphur) is formed.2. The reaction is slow.
 Na
2
S
2
O
3
: Sodium thiosulphate
Potassium Dichromate (VI) with Ethanedioic Acid
Cr 
2
O
72-
+ 14H
+
+ 3C
2
O
42-
 
6CO
2
+ 7H
2
O + 2Cr 
3+
Notes
:1. In the reaction, the orange colour of the solutionturns into green.Cr 
2
O
72-
: dichromate(VI) ion (Orange)C
2
O
42-
: ethanedioate ion (Colourless)Cr 
3+
 
: Chromium(III) ion (green)
Potassium Manganate(VII) with Ethanedioic Acid
2MnO
4-
+ 16H
+
+ 5C
2
O
42-
 
10CO
2
+ 8H
2
O + 2Mn
2+
Notes
:1. Mn
2+
is colourless2. In the reaction, the purple colour of the solutionturns into colourless.MnO
4-
: Manganate(VII) ion (Purple)Mn
2+
: Manganese(II) ion colourless
Decomposition of Hydrogen Peroxide
2H
2
O
2-
2H
2
O + O
2
Catalyst: manganese(IV) oxide(MnO
2
), Iron(III) oxide (Fe
2
O
3
), silver (Ag)
Haber Process (Manufacture Ammonia)
 N
2
+ 3H
2
 
2NH
3
(More detail in Form 4 Chapter 9)
Contact Process(Manufacture Sulphuric Acid)
2SO
2
+ O
2
 
 
2SO
3
(More detail in Form 4 Chapter 9)

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