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Ensuring High Availability With Glbp

Ensuring High Availability With Glbp

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Published by Indrajit Banerjee

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Published by: Indrajit Banerjee on Apr 07, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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09/27/2012

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Ensuring high availability, Load Balancing and routerredundancy with GLBPBySysnetadmin.co.cc
GLBP
stands for
Gateway Load Balancing Protocol
, and it’s been on the Cisco scene
for about two years. GLBP is a router redundancy protocol introduced in Cisco IOSversion 12.2(14)S.To give you an idea where
GLBP
fits into your network, let’s look at how it compares to
its competition. Two such protocols are
Hot Standby Router Protocol (HSRP)
and
Virtual RouterRedundancy Protocol (VRRP)
. Both are router redundancy protocolsthat are similar to
GLBP
.
GLBP
and
HSRP
are both Cisco proprietary solutions, but
VRRP
is an open standard
based on RFC 3768. Of course, that means you’ll find
HSRP
and
GLBP
on Ciscoroutersonly and
VRRP
on almost all enterprise routers (including Cisco).Since all three are router redundancy protocols, what differentiates
GLBP
from the rest?With
GLBP
, all routers that are part of the group are available to forward packets. (In theserver world, we might call this an active/active cluster.) On the other hand, with
HSRP
or
VRRP
, only one router forwards packets at a time, and the others are waiting in casethe primary goes down (an active/passive cluster).Regardless of the approach, all three protocols provide this redundancy using a virtual IPaddress that serves as the default gateway. The virtual IP address points to the primary orsecondary routers in the case of 
HSRP
and
VRRP
or to the group of routers forwardingtraffic in the case of 
GLBP
. (On a side note, while
HSRP
acts as an active/passive routerredundancy protocol by design, you can now use Multi group
HSRP
MHSRP
toperform load-sharing, much like
GLBP
does.)In the
GLBP
world, however, there’s still an election between the multiple
active routersin the redundancy group. The router that wins that election becomes the active virtualgateway (
AVG
). The
AVG
assigns virtual MAC addresses to the other routers in thegroup, which are active virtual forwarders (
AVFs
).
GLBP
routers communicate using the
multicast
IP address
224.0.0.102
and
UDP port 3222
.
Now that you’ve got a basic understanding of 
GLBP
, let’s look at a basic
GLBP
configuration. If you’ve configured
HSRP
orVRRP
before, you’ll find that this
configuration is very similar.

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