such as protons, neutrons & electrons. These particles have the same nature, no matter what element they constitute i.e the electron of carbon is essentially the same as that of Hydrogen.Hence all matter being composed of one thing only seems plausible.Second the basic constituent particle i.e electron displays dual nature-both MATTER &WAVE-both explainable with PHYSICS Experiments. Same way light also displays"DUAL NATURE"-explained well by Photo-electric effect & Young's double slitinterference experiment.As a VEDANTIK, my humble submission is that the attempt to know weather matter is particle or wave & the same way for light is futile. Honestly, it is MATTER-O-WAVE.Sometimes matter, sometimes wave. Because, the duality of wave & matter is artificial! Not real. Nothing is there which is only matter or only wave!!!The human senses have a limit of knowing-both upper & lower limit.e.g. we hear 20 hz & then up to 20,000 Hz (Infrasonic & Ultrasonic beinginaudible).Same goes for eyes (eyes do not see distinct object in less than 1/20sec),similar for nose (Dogs smell very well what we can't).the touch receptors at the back of man can't distinguish two points of touch if separated by less than 20 cm. The list of limitation of human senses can go on & on & on.The instruments of PHYSICS laboratory are nothing but extension of our sense organsonly. e.g. a microscope is a better eye, a particle counter is a better sense organ.But alasall in vain!The famous theorem that” the position & the velocity of a particle can not besimultaneously known" puts a stop to the knowing of "simultaneous" events. As nothingcan travel faster than speed of light ,than how do we know what is simultaneous?VEDANTA says that the subtle or
is something which can not becomprehended by sense organs. However, refined or better the equipment may be. Theconsciousness doesn’t exists in the frame of space & time, the sense organs do.We can go in the form of a corollary-TO KNOW WHAT EXISTS BEYOND SPACE &TIME, THE KNOWING TOOL ALSO HAS TO BE OUT OF SPACE & TIME".The famous Einstienian observation that "we can not objectively know the frame, if weare a part of the frame"To put it simply, how can a man in train see/observe the train if he is inside the movingtrain? The actual right observation will be made only by a man on platform!
Now for the big result-that -if we are able to comprehend something which is out of frame of space & time than the tool is also out of frame of space & time.
Hence, the big mahavakya-Tat Twam asi!!! (Thou are that!!!).In meditation, the VEDANTIK knower discovers that the all pervading, all existingconsciousness is out of the frame of space & time. If such a perceived consciousness, theGodly consciousness, the eternal space or the BRAHMAN can be perceived than it is atrue by corollary that the knowing consciousness or the enlightened consciousness is alsoof the same nature as BRAHMAN.The following example contains the answer: