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Fm 3-22.68 (Fm 23-67)_crew-Served Machine Guns-5.56-Mm and 7.62-Mm_m249, 5.56-Mm Machine Gun-m60, 7.62-Mm Machine Gun-m240b, 7.62-Mm Machine Gun_january 2003

Fm 3-22.68 (Fm 23-67)_crew-Served Machine Guns-5.56-Mm and 7.62-Mm_m249, 5.56-Mm Machine Gun-m60, 7.62-Mm Machine Gun-m240b, 7.62-Mm Machine Gun_january 2003

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Published by manuals&manuals
CREW-SERVED MACHINE GUNS,
5.56-mm AND 7.62-mm
M249, 5.56-MM MACHINE GUN
M60, 7.62-MM MACHINE GUN
M240B, 7.62-MM MACHINE GUN
This manual provides technical information, training techniques, and guidance on the
crew-served machine guns, 5.56-mm and 7.62-mm (M249/M60/M240B). The purpose of
this manual is, to provide a one-source document for all three weapons. This prohibits
having several sources to rely on. Unit leaders, trainers, and the designated gunners will
find this information invaluable in their efforts to successfully integrate these automatic
weapons into their combat operations.
Trainers must ensure that safety procedures are observed at all times. Leaders,
trainers, and soldiers must remember that safety is everyone’s responsibility. All training
should be conducted as though the weapon is fully loaded. At no time while using this
manual does speed or accuracy override the safety procedures.
Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer
exclusively to men.
The 5.56-mm M249 machine gun supports the soldier in both the
offense and defense. The M249 provides a medium volume of close and
continuous fire the soldier needs to accomplish the mission. With it, units
can engage the enemy along with the capability of individual weapons
with controlled and accurate fire. The medium-range, close defensive, and
final protective fires delivered by the M249 MG form an integral part of a
unit’s defensive fires. Although the M249 MG is described here as a
machine gun, it also plays the role of the automatic rifleman. This FM or
chapter supersedes FM 23-14, which describes the M249 MG in the
automatic rifle role. This chapter also describes the weapon and the types
of ammunition in detail and provides a table of general data.
The M249 machine gun is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt or magazine-fed, automatic
weapon that fires from the open-bolt position (Figure 1-1). It has a maximum rate of fire
of 850 rounds per minute. Primarily, ammunition is fed into the weapon from a
200-round ammunition box containing a disintegrating metallic split-link belt. As an
emergency means of feeding, the M249 machine gun can use a 20- or 30-round M16 rifle
magazine but increases the chance of stoppages. This gun can be fired from the shoulder,
hip, or underarm position; from the bipod-steadied position; or from the tripod-mounted
position.
The 7.62-mm M60 machine gun supports the rifleman in offense and
defense. It provides the heavy volume of close and continuous fire the
rifleman needs to accomplish his mission. The M60 is used to engage
targets beyond the range of individual weapons, with controlled and
accurate fire. The long-range, close defensive, and final protective fires
delivered by the M60 form an integral part of a unit's defensive fires. This
chapter describes the weapon and the types of ammunition it uses in detail
and provides a table of general data.
The M60 is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt-fed, automatic machine gun that fires from
the open-bolt position (Figure 2-1). It has a maximum rate of fire of 550 rounds per
minute. Ammunition is fed into the weapon from a 100-round bandoleer containing a
disintegrating metallic split-link belt. It can be fired from the shoulder, hip, or underarm
position; from the bipod-steadied position; or from the tripod-mounted position.
The M240B machine gun supports the rifleman in both offensive and
defensive operations. The M240B provides the heavy volume of close and
continuous fire needed to accomplish the mission. The M240B is used to
engage targets beyond the range of individual weapons, with controlled
and accurate fire. The long-range, close defensive, and final protective
fires delivered by the M240B form an integral part of a unit’s defensive
fires. This chapter describes the weapon and the types of ammunition in
detail and provides a table of general data.
The M240B is a general-purpose machine gun. (Figure 3-1) It can be mounted on a
bipod, tripod, ai
CREW-SERVED MACHINE GUNS,
5.56-mm AND 7.62-mm
M249, 5.56-MM MACHINE GUN
M60, 7.62-MM MACHINE GUN
M240B, 7.62-MM MACHINE GUN
This manual provides technical information, training techniques, and guidance on the
crew-served machine guns, 5.56-mm and 7.62-mm (M249/M60/M240B). The purpose of
this manual is, to provide a one-source document for all three weapons. This prohibits
having several sources to rely on. Unit leaders, trainers, and the designated gunners will
find this information invaluable in their efforts to successfully integrate these automatic
weapons into their combat operations.
Trainers must ensure that safety procedures are observed at all times. Leaders,
trainers, and soldiers must remember that safety is everyone’s responsibility. All training
should be conducted as though the weapon is fully loaded. At no time while using this
manual does speed or accuracy override the safety procedures.
Unless this publication states otherwise, masculine nouns and pronouns do not refer
exclusively to men.
The 5.56-mm M249 machine gun supports the soldier in both the
offense and defense. The M249 provides a medium volume of close and
continuous fire the soldier needs to accomplish the mission. With it, units
can engage the enemy along with the capability of individual weapons
with controlled and accurate fire. The medium-range, close defensive, and
final protective fires delivered by the M249 MG form an integral part of a
unit’s defensive fires. Although the M249 MG is described here as a
machine gun, it also plays the role of the automatic rifleman. This FM or
chapter supersedes FM 23-14, which describes the M249 MG in the
automatic rifle role. This chapter also describes the weapon and the types
of ammunition in detail and provides a table of general data.
The M249 machine gun is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt or magazine-fed, automatic
weapon that fires from the open-bolt position (Figure 1-1). It has a maximum rate of fire
of 850 rounds per minute. Primarily, ammunition is fed into the weapon from a
200-round ammunition box containing a disintegrating metallic split-link belt. As an
emergency means of feeding, the M249 machine gun can use a 20- or 30-round M16 rifle
magazine but increases the chance of stoppages. This gun can be fired from the shoulder,
hip, or underarm position; from the bipod-steadied position; or from the tripod-mounted
position.
The 7.62-mm M60 machine gun supports the rifleman in offense and
defense. It provides the heavy volume of close and continuous fire the
rifleman needs to accomplish his mission. The M60 is used to engage
targets beyond the range of individual weapons, with controlled and
accurate fire. The long-range, close defensive, and final protective fires
delivered by the M60 form an integral part of a unit's defensive fires. This
chapter describes the weapon and the types of ammunition it uses in detail
and provides a table of general data.
The M60 is a gas-operated, air-cooled, belt-fed, automatic machine gun that fires from
the open-bolt position (Figure 2-1). It has a maximum rate of fire of 550 rounds per
minute. Ammunition is fed into the weapon from a 100-round bandoleer containing a
disintegrating metallic split-link belt. It can be fired from the shoulder, hip, or underarm
position; from the bipod-steadied position; or from the tripod-mounted position.
The M240B machine gun supports the rifleman in both offensive and
defensive operations. The M240B provides the heavy volume of close and
continuous fire needed to accomplish the mission. The M240B is used to
engage targets beyond the range of individual weapons, with controlled
and accurate fire. The long-range, close defensive, and final protective
fires delivered by the M240B form an integral part of a unit’s defensive
fires. This chapter describes the weapon and the types of ammunition in
detail and provides a table of general data.
The M240B is a general-purpose machine gun. (Figure 3-1) It can be mounted on a
bipod, tripod, ai

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Published by: manuals&manuals on Jan 01, 2010
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HEADQUARTERS FM 3-22.68
 
(FM 23-67)
DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY
CREW-SERVED MACHINE GUNS,5.56-mm AND 7.62-mm
M249, 5.56-MM MACHINE GUNM60, 7.62-MM MACHINE GUNM240B, 7.62-MM MACHINE GUN
JANUARY 2003
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION
:
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.
Downloaded from http://www.everyspec.com on 2009-12-26T10:22:41.
 
*FM 3-22.68
 
(FM 23-67)
iFIELD MANUALHEADQUARTERSNo. 3-22.68DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMYWashington, DC, 31 January 2003
CREW-SERVED MACHINE GUNS,5.56-mm AND 7.62-mm
CONTENTS
Page
PREFACE
......................................................................................................................... vi
CHAPTER1.M249 MACHINE GUN
Section I. Description and Components................................................................1-11-1. Description................................................................................1-11-2. Components..............................................................................1-31-3. Ammunition..............................................................................1-51-4. Blank Firing Attachment..........................................................1-8Section II. Maintenance..........................................................................................1-91-5. Clearing Procedures..................................................................1-91-6. General Disassembly..............................................................1-111-7. Inspection................................................................................1-161-8. Cleaning, Lubrication, and Preventive Maintenance..............1-181-9. General Assembly...................................................................1-211-10. Function Check.......................................................................1-241-11. Maintenance Procedures.........................................................1-251-12.
 
Maintenance During Nuclear, Biological, ChemicalConditions...............................................................................1-25Section III. Operation and Function ......................................................................1-251-13. Operation................................................................................1-251-14. Loading...................................................................................1-261-15. Unloading...............................................................................1-271-16. Cycle of Functioning..............................................................1-271-17. Sights......................................................................................1-291-18. M122 Tripod...........................................................................1-311-19. Dismounting from the M122 Tripod......................................1-331-20. Bipod Operations....................................................................1-331-21. Vehicular Mount.....................................................................1-341-22. Tripod Positioning..................................................................1-34
DISTRIBUTION RESTRICTION
: Approved for public release; distribution isunlimited.*This publication supersedes FM 23-67, 29 February 1984
.
Downloaded from http://www.everyspec.com on 2009-12-26T10:22:41.
 
FM 3-22.68
Page
ii
Section IV. Performance Problems and Destruction .............................................1-341-23. Malfunctions...........................................................................1-341-24. Stoppages................................................................................1-351-25. Immediate Action...................................................................1-371-26. Remedial Action.....................................................................1-381-27. Destruction Procedures...........................................................1-38
CHAPTER2.M60 MACHINE GUN
Section I. Description and Components................................................................2-12-1. Description................................................................................2-12-2. Components..............................................................................2-32-3. Ammunition..............................................................................2-62-4. Blank Firing Attachments, M13 and M13A.............................2-7Section II. Maintenance..........................................................................................2-92-5. Clearing Procedures..................................................................2-92-6. General Disassembly..............................................................2-102-7. Inspection................................................................................2-162-8. Cleaning, Lubrication, and Preventive Maintenance..............2-172-9. General Assembly...................................................................2-192-10. Function Check.......................................................................2-212-11. Maintenance Procedures.........................................................2-222-12.
 
Maintenance During Nuclear, Biological, ChemicalConditions...............................................................................2-22Section III. Operation and Function..........................................................2-222-13. Operation................................................................................2-222-14. Loading...................................................................................2-222-15. Unloading…. ..........................................................................2-232-16. Cycle of Functioning..............................................................2-232-17. Sights......................................................................................2-252-18. M122 Tripod...........................................................................2-262-19. Bipod Operations....................................................................2-282-20. Vehicular Mount.....................................................................2-292-21. Tripod Position.......................................................................2-30Section IV. Performance Problems and Destruction .............................................2-302-22. Malfunctions...........................................................................2-302-23. Stoppages................................................................................2-312-24. Immediate Action...................................................................2-322-25. Remedial Action.....................................................................2-332-26. Destruction Procedures...........................................................2-34
CHAPTER3.M240B MACHINE GUN
Section I. Description and Components................................................................3-13-1. Description................................................................................3-13-2. Components..............................................................................3-33-3. Ammunition..............................................................................3-53-4. Ammunition Adapter................................................................3-6
Downloaded from http://www.everyspec.com on 2009-12-26T10:22:41.

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