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nota matematik bab 4 dan bab 5 utk pelajar tingkatan 1
nota matematik bab 4 dan bab 5 utk pelajar tingkatan 1

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04/17/2015

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Chapter 4 DECIMALS
4.1Decimals and Fractions
1.A decimal is a fraction with adenominator of 10 or a power of 10.2.To convert a fraction into a decimal,divide the numerator by thedenominator.3.To change a decimal into a fraction.Divide it by the power of 10 such as 10,100, 1 000,..Example:i)4.052
=
0.4 is read as zero point four ii)1008308.3
+=
3.08 is read as three point zero eight
4.2Place Value and Digit Value
1.TensunitsDecimal pointtenthshundredths12.4512.45 = 10 + 2 + 0.4 +0.05= 10 + 2 +1005104
+
2.The decimal places are the placesoccupied by the digit after the decimal point.Example:i) 7.9
1 digit to the right of the decimal  point
Therefore, 7.9 has 1 decimal point.ii) 7.94
2
digits to the right of the decimal pointTherefore, 7.94 has 2 decimal points.iii) 7.948
3 digits to the right of the decimal  point
Therefore, 7.948 has 3 decimal points.
To add or subtract decimals, arrange thedigits of the same place value in the samevertical column.Example:27.064 +1.3 + 0.91 = 29.27427 . 0641. 3+ 0 . 9129 . 274
4.4Multiplication and Division oDecimals
To multiply decimals(a) Multiply the decimals in the same way aswhole numbers.(b) The number of decimal places in theanswer is equal to the sum of decimal places in the individual decimals.Example :i)3.45 x 1.7 = 5.8653.45 ( 2 d.p.)x 1.7 ( 1 d.p.)24153455.865 ( 3 d.p.)ii)6.9 ÷ 0.03 =369003.09.6
=
= 230
4.5Combined Operations
In performing the combined operations of decimals, we follow the same rule asthose for whole nuir (a) Work out the expressions in brackets.(b) Do multiplication and division from leftto right.(c) Do addition and subtraction from left toright.Example:6x ( 4.1 – 2.12 ) ÷ 0.8= 6 x 1.98 ÷ 0.8= 11.88 / 0.8

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