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Great Indian Acharyas

Great Indian Acharyas

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Published by: E-gurukul on Jan 02, 2010
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07/27/2010

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Indian Institute of Scientific Heritage www.iishglobal.org
 
1
 
Great Indian Acharyas
Rishi – Scientists of India
 
Indian Institute of Scientific Heritage,Trivandrum 695 018, India( 0471-2490149)
 
Indian Institute of Scientific Heritage www.iishglobal.org
 
2
 
ARYABHATT
 
(476 CE)
MASTER ASTRONOMER AND MATHEMATICIAN
Born in 476 CE in Kusumpur (Bihar), Aryabhatt's intellectual brillianceremapped the boundaries of mathematics and astronomy. In 499 CE, at theage of 23, he wrote a text on astronomy and an unparallel treatise onmathematics called "Aryabhatiyam. " He formulated the process of calculatingthe motion of planets and the time of eclipses. Aryabhatt was the first toproclaim that the earth is round, it rotates on its axis, orbits the sun and issuspended in space - 1000 years before Copernicus published his heliocentrictheory. He is also acknowledged for calculating p (Pi) to four decimal places:3.1416 and the sine table in trigonometry. Centuries later, in 825 CE, the Arabmathematician, Mohammed Ibna Musa credited the value of Pi to the Indians,"This value has been given by the Hindus." And above all, his most spectacularcontribution was the concept of zero without which modern computertechnology would have been non-existent. Aryabhatt was a colossus in the fieldof mathematics.
 
Indian Institute of Scientific Heritage www.iishglobal.org
 
3
 
BHASKARACHARYA II
 (1114-1183 CE)
GENIUS IN ALGEBRA
Born in the obscure village of Vijjadit (Jalgaon) in Maharastra,Bhaskaracharya' s work in Algebra, Arithmetic and Geometry catapulted himto fame and immortality. His renowned mathematical works called "Lilavati"and "Bijaganita" are considered to be unparalled and a memorial to hisprofound intelligence. Its translation in several languages of the world beartestimony to its eminence. In his treatise "Siddhant Shiromani" he writes onplanetary positions, eclipses, cosmography, mathematical techniques andastronomical equipment. In the "Surya Siddhant" he makes a note on the forceof gravity: "Objects fall on earth due to a force of attraction by the earth. Therefore, the earth, planets, constellations, moon, and sun are held in orbitdue to this attraction." Bhaskaracharya was the first to discover gravity, 500 years before Sir Isaac Newton. He was the champion among mathematicians of ancient and medieval India. His works fired the imagination of Persian andEuropean scholars, who through research on his works earned fame andpopularity.

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