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Indian Institute of Scientific Heritage

Indian Institute of Scientific Heritage

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06/14/2015

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INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE
 www.iish.org
 
1
 
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE
Trivandrum 695 018, India(0471-2490149) www.iish.org, www.iishglobal.org
Sanat-sujata 
Teachings
 
of 
 
Sage
 
Sanat
sujata
 
Readings
 
from
 
The
 
Mahabharata
 
From The Mahabharata Udyoga Parva (Sanat-sujata parva),Section XLI 
Translated
 
by
 
Sri
 
Kisari
 
Mohan
 
Ganguli
 
Compiled
 
by
 
Sri.Ravi
 
Pillay
 
for
 
the
 
modern
 
world
 
the
 
ancient
 
knowledge
 
of 
 
the
 
Hindus
 
Email:
 
ravimpillay@gmail.com
 
Thanks
 
to
 
Sri.Ravi
 
Pillay
 
 
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE
 www.iish.org
 
2
 
[Note:
 
Vidura
 
introduces
 
sage
 
Sanat
sujata
 
to
 
king
 
Dhritarashtra]
 
[‘Notes’
 
are
 
comments
 
by
 
the
 
scholar
 
and
 
translator
 
Sri
 
Kisari
 
Mohan
 
Ganguli]
 
Dhritarashtra
 
said:
 
If 
 
there
 
is
 
anything
 
still
 
left
 
unsaid
 
by
 
thee,
 
O
 
Vidura,
 
say
 
it
 
then,
 
as
 
I
 
am
 
ready
 
to
 
listen
 
to
 
thee.
 
The
 
discourse
 
is,
 
indeed,
 
charming.
 
Vidura
 
said:
 
O
 
Dhritarashtra,
 
O
 
thou
 
of 
 
the
 
Bharata
 
race,
 
that
 
ancient
 
and
 
immortal
 
Rishi
 
Sanat
sujata
 
who,
 
leading
 
a
 
life
 
of 
 
perpetual
 
celibacy,
 
has
 
said
 
that
 
there
 
is
 
no
 
Death.
 
That
 
foremost
 
of 
 
all
 
intelligent
 
persons
 
will
 
expound
 
to
 
thee
 
all
 
the
 
doubts
 
in
 
thy
 
mind,
 
both
 
expressed
 
and
 
unexpressed.
 
Dhritarashtra
 
said:
 
Do
 
thou
 
not
 
know
 
what
 
that
 
immortal
 
Rishi
 
will
 
say
 
unto
 
me?
 
O
 
Vidura,
 
do
 
thou
 
say
 
it,
 
if 
 
indeed,
 
thou
 
hast
 
that
 
degree
 
of 
 
wisdom.
 
Vidura
 
said:
 
I
 
am
 
born
 
in
 
the
 
Sudra
 
order
 
and,
 
therefore,
 
do
 
not
 
venture
 
to
 
say
 
more
 
than
 
what
 
I
 
have
 
already
 
said.
 
The
 
understanding,
 
however,
 
of 
 
that
 
Rishi,
 
leading
 
a
 
life
 
of 
 
celibacy,
 
is
 
regarded
 
by
 
me
 
to
 
be
 
infinite.
 
He
 
that
 
is
 
a
 
Brahmana
 
by
 
birth,
 
by
 
discoursing
 
on
 
even
 
the
 
profoundest
 
mysteries,
 
never
 
incurs
 
the
 
censure
 
of 
 
the
 
gods.
 
It
 
is
 
for
 
this
 
alone
 
that
 
I
 
do
 
not
 
discourse
 
to
 
thee,
 
upon
 
the
 
subject.
 
Dhritarashtra
 
said:
 
Tell
 
me,
 
O
 
Vidura,
 
how
 
with
 
this
 
body
 
of 
 
mine
 
I
 
can
 
meet
 
with
 
that
 
ancient
 
and
 
immortal
 
one
 
(Sanat
sujata)?
 
 As this story is repeated by Vaisampayana , who said : Then Vidura began to think of that Rishi of rigid vows. And knowing that he was thought of, the Rishi, O Bharata, showed  himself there. Vidura then received him with the rites prescribed by ordinance. And then after having rested a while, the Rishi was seated at his ease.
 
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE
 www.iish.org
 
3
 
Vidura
 
addressed
 
him,
 
saying:
 
O
 
illustrious
 
one,
 
there
 
is
 
a
 
doubt
 
in
 
Dhritarashtra’s
 
mind
 
which
 
is
 
incapable
 
of 
 
being
 
explained
 
away
 
by
 
me.
 
It
 
behoveth
 
thee,
 
therefore,
 
to
 
expound
 
it,
 
so
 
that
 
listening
 
to
 
thy
 
discourse,
 
this
 
chief 
 
of 
 
men
 
may
 
tide
 
over
 
all
 
his
 
sorrows,
 
and
 
to
 
that
 
gain
 
and
 
loss,
 
what
 
is
 
agreeable
 
and
 
what
 
disagreeable,
 
decrepitude
 
and
 
death,
 
fright
 
and
 
 jealousy,
 
hunger
 
and
 
thirst,
 
pride
 
and
 
prosperity,
 
dislike,
 
sleep,
 
lust
 
and
 
wrath,
 
and
 
decrease
 
and
 
increase
 
may
 
all
 
be
 
borne
 
by
 
him.
 
Vaisampayana said: Then the illustrious and wise king Dhritarashtra, having applauded the words spoken by Vidura, questioned Sanat-sujata in secret, desirous of obtaining the highest of  all knowledge.
And
 
the
 
king
 
(Dhritarashtra)
 
questioned
 
the
 
Rishi
 
saying:
 
O
 
saint
 
Sujata,
 
I
 
hear
 
that
 
you
 
are
 
of 
 
the
 
opinion
 
that
 
there
 
is
 
no
 
Death.
 
Again
 
it
 
is
 
said
 
that
 
the
 
gods
 
and
 
the
 
Asuras
 
(demons)
 
practise
 
ascetic
 
austerities
 
in
 
order
 
to
 
avoid
 
death.
 
Of 
 
these
 
two
 
opinions,
 
then,
 
which
 
is
 
true?
 
Ignorance is Death
Sanat
sujata
 
said:
 
Some
 
say,
 
death
 
is
 
avertable
 
by
 
particular
 
acts;
 
in
 
others’
 
opinion
 
there
 
is
 
no
 
death;
 
you
 
have
 
asked
 
me
 
which
 
of 
 
these
 
is
 
true.
 
Listen
 
to
 
me,
 
O
 
king,
 
as
 
I
 
discourse
 
to
 
you
 
on
 
this,
 
so
 
that
 
your
 
doubts
 
may
 
be
 
removed.
 
Know,
 
O
 
kshatriya,
 
that
 
both
 
of 
 
these
 
are
 
true.
 
The
 
learned
 
are
 
of 
 
the
 
opinion
 
that
 
death
 
results
 
from
 
ignorance.
 
I
 
say
 
that
 
ignorance
 
is
 
Death,
 
and
 
so
 
the
 
absence
 
of 
 
ignorance
 
(Knowledge)
 
is
 
immortality.
 
It
 
is
 
from
 
ignorance
 
that
 
Asuras
 
became
 
subject
 
to
 
defeat
 
and
 
death,
 
and
 
it
 
is
 
from
 
the
 
absence
 
of 
 
ignorance
 
that
 
the
 
gods
 
have
 
attained
 
the
 
nature
 
of 
 
Brahman
 
(Supreme
 
Reality).
 
Death
 
does
 
not
 
devour
 
creatures
 
like
 
a
 
tiger;
 
its
 
form
 
itself 
 
is
 
unascertainable.
 
Besides
 
this,
 
some
 
imagine
 
Yama
 
(god
 
of 
 
death)
 
to
 
be
 
Death.
 
This,
 
however,
 
is
 
due
 
to
 
the
 
weakness
 
of 
 
the
 
mind.
 
The
 
pursuit
 
of 
 
Brahman
 
or
 
Self 
knowledge
 
is
 
immortality.
 
That
 
(imaginary)
 
god
 
(Yama)
 
holds
 
his
 
sway
 
in
 
the
 
region
 
of 
 
the
 
Pitris
 
(deceased
 
ancestors),
 
being
 
the
 
source
 
of 
 
bliss
 
to
 
the
 
virtuous
 
and
 
of 
 
woe
 
to
 
the
 
sinful.
 
It
 
is
 
at
 
his
 
command
 
that
 
death
 
in
 
the
 
form
 
of 
 
wrath,
 
ignorance
 
and
 
covetousness,
 
occurs
 
among
 
men.
 
Swayed
 
by
 
pride,
 
men
 
always
 
walk
 
in
 
unrighteous
 
path.
 
None
 
amongst
 
them
 
succeeds
 
in
 
attaining
 
to
 
his
 
real
 
nature.
 
With
 
their
 
understanding
 
clouded,
 

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