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Indian Institute of Scientific Heritage   Indian Institute of Scientific

Indian Institute of Scientific Heritage   Indian Institute of Scientific

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INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE
WWW.IISHGLOBAL.ORG
 
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INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE
Trivandrum 695 018, India( 0471-2490149)
,
 
VATESWARA SIDDHANTAULTRA MODERN ASTRONOMY
 
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE
WWW.IISHGLOBAL.ORG
 
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VATESWARA SIDDHANTA ULTRA MODERN ASTRONOMY ANDMATHEMATICS WRITTEN IN ANCIENT INDIA DURING 880 AD
 An uncomparably great wok of Vateswaracharya written 1100 years ago hasto be read for understanding the greatness of Indian knowledge. Compare this with the knowledge developed during the second half of the second millennium(~ 1500 AD) in the European countries. The below produced desciptions arefrom the book published by Indian National Science Academy , New Delhiand we submit it to the knowledge of all Indians and all those who love andrespect India.==============================================================
Contents
 Introduction Vatesvara-SiddhantaChapter 1. Mean MotionSec.1. Revolutions of the planetsHomage and introduction; acknowledgement to divine sages and aim of the work; astronomy-the eye of the Veda and highly honored scent-p. 1; definitionof Siddhanta; creation of asterisms and planets; time-measures and circularmeasures; duration of Brahma’s life-2; age of Brahma in the beginning of theSaka era-4; revolutions of planets-6; revolutions of the Seven Sages (or stars of the Great Bear); revolutions of planets’ apogees and nodes; nodes of Mercuryand Venus; their actual revolutions-8; time of author’s birth and age atcomposition of this work-10.Sec.2. Time MeasuresSidereal and civil days, lunar month and solar year, intercalary months andomitted days-11; days of manes, gods and demons; Jovian years andVyatipatas-12; Utsarpini Apasarpini., Susama and Dussama, constants forkalpa or life of Brahma; the zero point; nine modes of time-reckoning-13; use of time-reckonings-14.Sec.3 Calculation of the Ahargana
 
INDIAN INSTITUTE OF SCIENTIFIC HERITAGE
WWW.IISHGLOBAL.ORG
 
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General method (for calculating Ahargana since the birth of Brahma orbeginning of kalpa or yuga); shorter method (without using intercalary monthsand omitted days)-16; other methods; when adhimasasesa is known-17;(another shorter methods); when adhimasasesa and avamasesa are known-18; when omitted days elapsed including the residual fraction are known; whenSun and Moon are known 20; (lord of the solar year); when suddhi is known-22; Ahargana for the end of mean solar year-23; shorter Ahargana; Aharganasince Brahma’s birth-24; lord of current day by backward counting; lunar andsolar Ahargana-25; other methods for the Ahargana-26.Sec. 4 Computation of Mean PlanetsGeneral method; mean planets from shorter Ahargana-29; one planet fromanother; Sun and Moon without using Ahargana: (1) from avamasesa andadhimasasesa-32, (2) from avamasesa-39; other methods for Sun and Moon-47; other methods for planets-52; miscellaneous topics-56; positions of planetsat the beginnings of Brahmas day, current kalpa, and Kaliyuga-62; actualpositions of planets’ apogees and ascending nodes in the beginning of Kaliyuga-63.Sec.5 Suddhi or intercalary fraction, for solar year etc.Suddhi for solar year : residual intercalary, residual civil and residual days-66;relation between residual intercalary, residual civil and residual omitted days-68; past intercalary months and suddhi-69; lord of solar year-71; lord of lunar year-73; lords of solar and lunar years derived from each other’ planets fro theend of solar year-75; planets derived from the Sun (first method)-77;calculation of shorter Ahargana-81; planets for the end of solar month-84.Suddhi for solar month: residual civil, residual omitted and residual inter-calary days-85; lord of solar month; shorter Ahargana and lord of current day-86; planets for the end of solar day-87. Suddhi for solar day: residual civil andresidual omitted days, suddhi, Ahargana and lord of day; avamasesa for thecurrent day-88; Moon for the end of solar year or solar month-91; Sun for theend of lunar month-92; lord of lunar month-93; monthly motion of the planets-94; daily motion from monthly motion; conversion of lunar days into civil days;planets for the end of lunar day-95. Suddhi for Jovian year: suddhi for thebeginning Jovian year (1) in terms of civil days-99, (2) in terms of lunar daysetc-100; lord of Jovian year; avamaghatis for the beginning of current Jovian

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