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Sankranti 2010

Sankranti 2010

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Published by nvravi
This is a general document to just to write our sampradaya some where. it may help others.
This is a general document to just to write our sampradaya some where. it may help others.

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Published by: nvravi on Jan 02, 2010
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MAKARA SANKRANTI in Karnataka
 Brahmin Household……. Smartha Mulakanadu Brahmins…paddathi…. generallyapplicable to every one. The purpose of this document is to give a link to missinglinks among traditional followers of this great Festival and to explain thesampradaya of our house holds.
In Karnataka state in South India, Makar Sankranti is popularly known as Yellu Bellafestival. Ellu Bella festival 2010 date is January 14. Yellu or Ella means til (Sesameseeds) and ‘Bella’ is Jaggery. A mixture of Til (sesame seeds), Sharkara (jaggery), drycoconut and groundnuts is given to friends, neighbors and relatives on the day. There is a popular saying of Yellu Bella in Kannada – ellu bella tindu, ollolle matadi! (Eat Tilseeds, Jaggery and speak good words).The popular belief is that consuming sesame seeds and jaggery will is good for the bodyand it will help in the winter season. Til is consumed during this period on auspiciousoccasions throughout North and western parts of India.Other highlights of the festival are use of freshly cut sugarcanes and preparation of disheslike Pongal.Sankranthi, or Makara Sankranti, is a harvest festival in Karnataka as is the case in other  parts of India. In 2010, the date of Sankranthi in Karnataka is January 14. Sankranthi iscelebrated when sun transcends from Sagittarius to Capricorn during the winter solsticein the northern hemisphere. Sankranthimeans ‘change of direction’ and is based on solar  event and it also marks the arrival of Spring Season. In Kannada culture, Sankranthi issynonymous with ellu (sesame-jaggery mix), sugar candies and sugarcane.Uttarayana, the day time of Devas, begins from Sankranthi and the next six months areconsidered highly auspicious. There are also numerous other legends that are associatedwith Sankranthi.The day before the festival all the houses are thoroughly cleaned. And on the day of Sankranti, green mango leaves are used to decorate doors and windows and thethresholds of houses and colorful rangoli is drawn on the doorsteps. People also fly kiteson the day.Talk about Sankranthi and the first things that a Kannadiga would remember issugarcane. Stacks of sugarcane sticks piled up in the market herald the arrival of theSankranti festival. Shredding the sugarcane with teeth and munching the juice off it is amajor activity on the day.People also exchange yellu – a mixture of fried sesame, peanuts and gram with jaggeryand copra. People visit relatives, friends and neighbors on the day and exchange yellu balla. The festive feast includes rice and moong dal kichdi (both sweet and salt), curries
 
with freshly harvested field beans, sweet potato, sweet pumpkin, etc. The list increases asone travels to rural Karnataka. Numerous music and dance festival are also held during the period.
 Rituals of the Day
Makara Sankranti day also denotes
End of Dhanurmasa Pooja.
 
Panchanga for 14-01-2010 – Virodhi Namasamvatsara – UttarayanaPunyakala (Madyannatpara)– Himanta Ritu, Paushamasa, Krishnapaksha,Chaturdashi, Guruvara, Purvashada Nakshatra, Vyaghata Yoga, shakunikarana(thisPanchanga is applicable for Bangalore and Mysore region)
 Dos on this date
Get up Early in the morning have bath
Arrange for Madi Batte and Wear the same. Get Well Water (As far as possible)
Do Sandhyavandanam
Do Japas (if your guru has taught any) or Gayatri Japa is enough.
Do the Devataarchane with Panchaamrita Abhisheka
Keep Ellu, Bella, Sakkare acchu, Balehannu, Sugarcane, SakkarPongal, Haalu,Hannu Kayi for Nivedya.
End the pooja with Mangalarathi. Do Mahanivedya after the full cooking.
See the Sankramana Kala in Panchang for the purpose of Pitru Tarpana.Page no.7in this Ontikoppal panchanga. It is given as after 12.00PM upto evening sunset….we can do tarpana this year (virodhi nama samvatsara)
Tarpanaadhikaaris (People who have lost their parents )- Give Pitru Tarpana after a fresh Bath.(this bath is necessary for the purpose of tarpana only.)
Distribute Yellu Bella among household people. Give one Spl. Packet of Yellu bella for Elders(this is not a ritual. But just to keep them more happy/spl. ).
Wear Your new Cloths and start your visits outside Home.
Do Namaskarams to Elders.
 
Visit your Eistadevatha/Kula Devatha Temple (Venkatesha, Narasimha, Shivaetc.,)
Visit your nearest uncles (Swajana) elders and Bandhus (near and dear) withYellu Bella.Women at Home, Distribute Yellu Bella among Neighbors
.
this is called
”YELLUBeeruvudu”
 Newly WED ladies up to Five Years give Baagina with 5 Bananas to FiveHouseholds. The No. of Bananas to be increased in multiples of 5 each year uptofive years. That means, First Year, 5, Second Year 10, Third Year 15 Like that.Preferably you should give Baagina before Lunch. Arrange your logisticsaccordingly.
Baagina Items for the First Year upto 5 years-1.Bananas (5 for the first year, 10 for 2
nd
year, and so on…. 25 for the fifthyear)2.Yellu3.Sakkre acchu4.Kabbu5.Tenginkayi(coconut), viledele (beetle nut and Leave), blouse piece,dakshine (small change),6.Buy one steel /copper/silver/earthern vessel(similar to kalasha), applysunna around the kalasha, put arishina on this sunna at 4 sides.(remember-arishina on sunna will turn red). Put Avre kayi, yelchikayi,Kadle kayi etc in this kalasha, ,7.For the fifth year, you should give Taayi baagina with silver bowl alongwith the above items and sari.
The First year after new born at home,.... if it is a male child, sumangalis will giveBelli Krishna along with a Copra and Yellu-Bella ….If it is Female child, theyadd belli battalu (silver bowl-small).
For the kids(below 5 years) ---- in the Morning,after Devarapooje and Nivedya, before yellu distribution to others, keep one silver vessel(kalasa) decorated withflowers and kumkuma, put yellu bella. do – dristi parihara with that. Repeat thesame with other items like sakre achhu, sugarcane pieces, banana etc., This iscalled
“HIDI Tegiyuvudu”.
Lunch can be simple with a payasa adage.. You can also have elaborate lunch if you wish to………….Pongal is common.
In the evening, for the kids (below 5 Years)we perform aarthi with
Yelchikayierriyuvedu (in telugu it is called Bodikalu).
That means, we buy new earthern pots(small)/paavu and put yelchikayi, dakshine, pieces of kabbu, jeerige peppermint, in the pot. We put kumkuma for the kid and put this yelchikayi fromHead(bodikalu posedi). This is to be done for three times. And give some kids

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