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The Rifleman Series (Part 8)

The Rifleman Series (Part 8)



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Published by deolexrex

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Published by: deolexrex on Apr 08, 2008
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The Rifleman Series -- Part Eight: Ammo and SightsA few caveats/suggestions:1) Avoid Indian surplus 7.62 like the plague. Scanning the boards over the past fewmonths, the horror shows (stuck cases, etc.) far outweigh any savings gained by thecheap price.2) Folks shooting calibers other than 7.62 will find food for their machines as well.
The key part is to buy as much as you can now, while ammo is cheap. You‟ll need
enough for learning, teaching others, maintaining your own skill, and supplying
your “Rainy Day/Decade” fund. That‟s a lot of ammo – 
a lot more than you haveright now
, I‟ll bet. See suggestions #4 and #5 below.
 3) If you can do it, many dealers will give you a substantial cash discount if youpick up at their location (plus you save shipping costs and (sometimes) sales tax).The money you save can pay for the trip, believe it or not! Contact the dealers and
see what they‟ll do for you.
 4) You need more ammo. Buy at least a case for each rifle today. Plus at least 5mags for each rifle
 buy more if you need „em.
 5) See suggestion #4. Really.If you remember one thing about ammo, it is this
you can never have enoughammo, let alone too much. Figure out how much you will need over the next year,and multiply that amount by five, at least. Then take that amount and multiply it by
five again. That‟s how much ammo every
Rifleman should have on hand for eachrifle, all of it easily accessible. Anything less, and you are taking a chance thatwhat can be easily purchased today will be so in the future.Wanna bet on that? How much?How about your life? How about your country?
 Do you really want to take that chance?
Enough about ammo. Now, let‟s talk about what you need to get that ammo to go
where you want it to go
downrange, on target, in a tight group, at a high rate of fire.Sight settings and trajectory are keys th
at will unlock many doors. It‟ll take a bit of 
work to learn what you need to know, but then a Rifleman never shys away fromthe work need to defend Liberty.There are two basic sets of facts you need to memorize. The first is the relationshipbetween where you shots are hitting on the target, the measurement unit of 
„minutes of angle‟ – 
also known as „MOA‟, and your sight settings.
MOA is what your sights are graduated in, whether an M1/M1A or scope. We‟ll
talk about other rifles later.As the first step, you need to know that 1 MOA = ¼ inch at 25 meters. That
distance is important, „cuz that‟s where you‟ll be doing a lot of practice shooting,
until you acquire Rifleman skills.That same 1 MOA equals 1 inch at 100 yards. How? Ratios
that icky stuff youavoided back in school. ¼ inch is to 25 yards as 1 inch is to 100 yards. Put anotherway, 100 yards is four times as much as 25 yards, right? And 1 inch is four timesgreater than ¼ inch, right?Memorize this ratio so that you have it down cold: 1 MOA = ¼ inch at 25 yards =1 inch at 100 yards = 2 inches at 200 yards = 3 inches at 300 yards = 4 inches at400 yards = 5 inches at 500 yards.Memorize that ratio, and you are ahead of 95% of shooters in America, sad to say.Do it, and you will be on you way to thinking in MOA whenever you adjust yourrear sight or scope.
 Now, let‟s apply that ratio to some shooting situations. We‟ll start at 25M (which
is actually 27.32 yards, or 82 feet
we‟re talking close enough for Government
work, as the saying goes),
and have you fire three good shots at your 1” black 
square.You go downrange, check the target, and find that the center of your group is 1inch below the aiming point, and ½ inch to the left of the aiming point.First step is to ask yourself if you fired good shots. If not, your group is of no useto you, so go back and fire 3 good shots. Keep at it, using your sling, the
Rifleman‟s Guide(
http://www.fredsm14stocks.com/catalog/acc.asp), and yourtraining until you do.
Assuming that the first group were all good shots, it‟s time to think about how to
adjust your rear sight. If you have a Garand or M1A, your job is simple. All youhave to do is remember that each click 
windage or elevation
is equal to 1MOA.
Here‟s how you do it:
 1) Inches: How many inches, for both elevation and windage, is the center of mygroup away from my aiming point? In this case, you are 1 inch below the aimingpoint (elevation), and 1/2 inch to the left of the AP for your windage.2) MOA: The second step is to convert your inch calculations from step #1 aboveinto MOA for that distance. You have memorized the fact that 1 MOA = ¼ inch at25 meters, so what you need to do is figure out how many ¼ inch units (or MOAunits) there are in your 1 inch low elevation, ½ left windage calculations. Anybodyknow the answer? Anybody? Bueller???
That‟s right – 
1 inch low elevation equals 4 ¼ inch units, which in turn equals 4MOA low. ½ inch left windage equals 2 ¼ inch units, which equals 2 MOA leftwindage.
3) Clicks: Now that you know what your elevation and windage errors are, it‟s a

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