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Sekowski Stefan - Galwanotechnika Domowa (05 Mb)

Sekowski Stefan - Galwanotechnika Domowa (05 Mb)

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Published by: biedronka69 on Jan 03, 2010
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07/28/2013

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 STEFAN S
Ę
KOWSKI
GALWANOTECHNIKA DOMOWA
 
2
SPIS TRE
 Ś 
CI 
ZANIM ZABIERZEMY SI
Ę
DO PRACY.........................................................................................................4
 
O TYM, CZY FARADAY MIAŁ RACJ
Ę
?........................................................................................................5
 
Pierwsza elektroliza............................................................................................................................................5
 
Anoda, katoda i jony..........................................................................................................................................6
 
Obserwujemy skutki w
ę
drówki..........................................................................................................................7
 
Kto szlachetniejszy?...........................................................................................................................................7
 
O TYM, CO MO
ś
ESZ WYKONA
Ć
SAM.........................................................................................................9
 
O TYM, CO MUSISZ MIE
Ć
KONIECZNIE..................................................................................................10
 
Ź
ródła pr
ą 
du.....................................................................................................................................................10
 
Par
ę
słów o akumulatorach...............................................................................................................................10
 
Prostownik własnej konstrukcji........................................................................................................................11
 
Bateryjki - zupełna ostateczno
ść
......................................................................................................................13
 
Wanna, ale nie k
ą 
pielowa.................................................................................................................................13
 
O szynach słów kilka........................................................................................................................................14
 
Kolej na anody.................................................................................................................................................14
 
Przygotowanie elektrolitu.................................................................................................................................14
 
Tu ubywa, tam przybywa.................................................................................................................................16
 
Nasz remanent wyposa
Ŝ
enia............................................................................................................................17
 
Troch
ę
wyja
ś
nie
ń
.............................................................................................................................................17
 
Sprawy nudne, ale wa
Ŝ
ne.................................................................................................................................18
 
O BARDZO WA
ś
NYCH PRZYGOTOWANIACH.......................................................................................18
 
Spiesz si
ę
powoli..............................................................................................................................................18
 
Czysto
ść
, jeszcze raz czysto
ść
!........................................................................................................................19
 
Szlifowanie i polerowanie................................................................................................................................19
 
Odtłuszczanie...................................................................................................................................................20
 
Trawienie..........................................................................................................................................................20
 
O MIEDZIOWANIU Z PR
Ą
DEM I BEZ PR
Ą
DU..........................................................................................21
 
Szansa dla słabszych........................................................................................................................................21
 
W takim roztworze miedziujesz.......................................................................................................................22
 
Wreszcie miedziowanie z pr
ą 
dem....................................................................................................................22
 
O NIKLOWANIU Z PR
Ą
DEM I BEZ PR
Ą
DU...............................................................................................25
 
Za pomoc
ą 
aluminium......................................................................................................................................25
 
Anody niklowe.................................................................................................................................................25
 
I z pr
ą 
dem.........................................................................................................................................................26
 
O CYNKOWANIU, ALE TYLKO Z PR
Ą
DEM..............................................................................................27
 
Skuteczny pancerz............................................................................................................................................27
 
K
ą 
piele do cynkowania....................................................................................................................................28
 
Par
ę
słów o przygotowaniach...........................................................................................................................29
 
Pasywacja.........................................................................................................................................................30
 
O RÓ
ś
NYCH RODZAJACH SREBRZENIA.................................................................................................31
 
Lapis i stare monety.........................................................................................................................................31
 
Na pocz
ą 
tek bez pr
ą 
du.....................................................................................................................................32
 
Srebrzenie przez pocieranie..............................................................................................................................33
 
Srebrzenie przez gotowanie..............................................................................................................................33
 
A teraz z pr
ą 
dem..............................................................................................................................................34
 
O CYNIE I MRO
ś
ONYCH KWIATACH.......................................................................................................35
 
Spotkania z cyn
ą 
...............................................................................................................................................35
 
Na pocz
ą 
tek bezpr
ą 
dowo..................................................................................................................................36
 
 
3
Cynowanie z pr
ą 
dem........................................................................................................................................37
 
Obtapianie........................................................................................................................................................39
 
Krystalit - mro
Ŝ
one kwiaty...............................................................................................................................40
 
O NAKŁADANIU W CELU ZDEJMOWANIA..............................................................................................46
 
Zasada pracy.....................................................................................................................................................47
 
Z czego i jak wykona
ć
matryc
ę
metalow
ą 
?......................................................................................................47
 
Matryca niemetalowa.......................................................................................................................................48
 
Nadawanie przewodnictwa...............................................................................................................................50
 
Redukcja chemiczna.........................................................................................................................................51
 
Kosmetyka ko
ń
cowa........................................................................................................................................52
 
O BARWIENIU STALI......................................................................................................................................53
 
Ŝ
ne metody czernienia.................................................................................................................................53
 
Co to jest brunirowanie?...................................................................................................................................54
 
O BARWIENIU MIEDZI I JEJ STOPÓW......................................................................................................55
 
Sztuczna staro
ść
...............................................................................................................................................56
 
Do koloru, do wyboru......................................................................................................................................57
 
Ŝ
ne odcienie br
ą 
zowego...............................................................................................................................58
 
Na kolor czarny................................................................................................................................................58
 
A stopy miedzi?................................................................................................................................................59
 
O BARWIENIU SREBRA.................................................................................................................................60
 
Na czarno.........................................................................................................................................................61
 
Kolor szary.......................................................................................................................................................61
 
Kolor niebieski.................................................................................................................................................62
 
Gdy barwa si
ę
znudzi.......................................................................................................................................62
 
O ELOKSALACJI I ALODYNOWANIU........................................................................................................62
 
Co to oznacza?.................................................................................................................................................62
 
Przygotowanie powierzchni do eloksalacji......................................................................................................64
 
Polerowanie chemiczne....................................................................................................................................65
 
Polerowanie elektrolityczne.............................................................................................................................66
 
Zabieramy si
ę
do utleniania anodowego..........................................................................................................67
 
Barwienie aluminium.......................................................................................................................................68
 
Alodynowanie w praktyce................................................................................................................................69
 
ZAKO
Ń
CZENIE.................................................................................................................................................70
 
Lakier caponowy..............................................................................................................................................70
 
O odczynnikach słów kilka..............................................................................................................................71
 

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