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Producing and Measuring Electricity

Producing and Measuring Electricity

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Published by Zepheyrina

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Categories:Types, School Work
Published by: Zepheyrina on Jan 03, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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02/23/2011

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03/01/10
DC and ACDC and AC
DC stands for “DirectCurrent” – the current onlyflows in one direction:AC stands for “AlternatingCurrent” – the currentchanges direction 50 timesevery second (frequency =50Hz)1/50
th
s240VVVTime
 
03/01/10
Types of BatteriesTypes of Batteries
Type of BatteryContainsUses
Wet cellrechargeableLead and acidCars, industryDry cellrechargeableNickel, cadmium,lithiumMobile phones,power toolsDry cell non-rechargeableZinc, carbon,manganese, lithiumTorches, clocks,hearing aids
Why use rechargeable batteries?
Long long-term expenseCan be used many times• Less energy to produce
Why use standard batteries?
No need for chargerLess expensive• Rechargeables contain carcinogens
 
03/01/10
Battery CapacityBattery Capacity
The capacity of a battery is measured in Amp Hours (Ah).Basically, a battery with a capacity of 1Ah will provide acurrent of 1A for 1 hour.Capacity (Ah) = Current (A) x Time (hours)1)A battery provides a current of 2A for 2 hours. What wasits capacity?2)Another battery has a capacity of 10Ah. If it runs outafter half an hour what current was being drawn?3)A mobile phone battery has a capacity of 1100mAh. If itruns on a current of 250mA when being used in a phone call

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