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Sdlc in Breif

Sdlc in Breif

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Published by ramachandra

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Published by: ramachandra on Jan 03, 2010
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07/03/2013

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1INTRODUCTION TO SYSTEMANALYSIS AND DESIGN
1.1 INTRODUCTION
Systems are created to solve problems. One can think of the sys-tems approach as an organized way of dealing with a problem. Inthis dynamic world, the subject System Analysis and Design (SAD),mainly deals with the software development activities.
1.2 OBJECTIVES
After going through this lesson, you should be able to
define a system
explain the different phases of system development life cycle
enumerate the components of system analysis
explain the components of system designing
1.3 DEFINING A SYSTEM
A collection of components that work together to realize some objec-tives forms a system. Basically there are three major components inevery system, namely input, processing and output.
Fig. 1.1: Basic System Components 
 
InputOutputProcessing
 
2 :: Computer Applications
In a system the different components are connected with each otherand they are interdependent. For example, human body representsa complete natural system. We are also bound by many nationalsystems such as political system, economic system, educational sys-tem and so forth. The objective of the system demands that someoutput is produced as a result of processing the suitable inputs. Awell-designed system also includes an additional element referredto as ‘control’ that provides a feedback to achieve desired objectivesof the system.
1.4 SYSTEM LIFE CYCLE
System life cycle is an organizational process of developing and main-taining systems. It helps in establishing a system project plan, be-cause it gives overall list of processes and sub-processes required fordeveloping a system.System development life cycle means combination of various activi-ties. In other words we can say that various activities put togetherare referred as system development life cycle. In the System Analy-sis and Design terminology, the system development life cycle alsomeans software development life cycle.Following are the different phases of system development life cycle:
Preliminary study 
Feasibility study 
Detailed system study 
System analysis
System design
Coding
 Testing
Implementation
Maintenance The different phases of system development life cycle is shown inFig. 1.2 below.
Fig. 1.2: Phases of System Development Life Cycle 
 
System Study
 
Feasibility Study
 
System AnalysisSystem Design
 
MaintenanceImplementationTestingSoftwareDevelopmentLife CycleCoding
 
Introduction to System Analysis and Design :: 3
INTEXT QUESTIONS
1.Write True or False for the following statements.(a)A collection of components that work together to realizesome objectives forms a system.(b)System life cycle is not an organizational process of devel-oping and maintaining a system.(c)In the system analysis and design terminology the systemdevelopment life cycle means software development life cycle.(d)Coding is not a step in system development life cycle.(e)System analysis and system design are the same phase of system development life cycle.
1.5 PHASES OF SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT LIFE CYCLE
Let us now describe the different phases and related activities of system development life cycle.
(a)Preliminary System Study
Preliminary system study is the first stage of system developmentlife cycle. This is a brief investigation of the system under consider-ation and gives a clear picture of what actually the physical systemis? In practice, the initial system study involves the preparation of a‘System Proposal’ which lists the Problem Definition, Objectives of the Study, Terms of reference for Study, Constraints, Expected ben-efits of the new system, etc. in the light of the user requirements. The system proposal is prepared by the System Analyst (who stud-ies the system) and places it before the user management. The man-agement may accept the proposal and the cycle proceeds to thenext stage. The management may also reject the proposal or re-quest some modifications in the proposal. In summary, we wouldsay that system study phase passes through the following steps:
problem identification and project initiation
background analysis
inference or findings (system proposal)
(b)Feasibility Study
In case the system proposal is acceptable to the management, the

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