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Abuses Against Domestic Workers Around the World

Abuses Against Domestic Workers Around the World

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Published by: tolstoysbicycle on Jan 04, 2010
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05/24/2012

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H U M A NR I G H T SW A T C H
Swept Under the Rug
 Abuses against DomesticWorkers Around the World
 
July 2006 Volume 18, Number 7 (C)
Swept Under the Rug
Abuses against Domestic Workers Around the World
I. Introduction...............................................................................................................................1
 
Best and worst government practices....................................................................................4
 
Key recommendations.............................................................................................................6
 
 To Labor Ministries...............................................................................................................6
 
 To Heads of State and Government, and Parliaments....................................................7
 
 To the Police, Attorney General’s Offices, and the Judiciary.........................................7
 
 To the Foreign Ministries of Workers’ Countries of Origin...........................................8
 
 To Ministries of Education...................................................................................................8
 
II. Criminal abuses against domestic workers...........................................................................9
 
Psychological, physical and sexual violence........................................................................10
 
Psychological abuse............................................................................................................10
 
Physical abuse......................................................................................................................12
 
Food deprivation................................................................................................................14
 
Sexual harassment and assault..........................................................................................16
 
International human rights law and government response..........................................20
 
Forced labor.............................................................................................................................23
 
International human rights law and government response..........................................25
 
 Trafficking................................................................................................................................28
 
International human rights law and government response..........................................30
 
Recommendations..................................................................................................................32
 
 To the Police, Attorney General’s Offices, and the Judiciary......................................32
 
 To Heads of State and Government, and Parliaments.................................................33
 
III. Exclusion from labor laws..................................................................................................34
 
 Wage exploitation...................................................................................................................35
 
Minimum wage and overtime pay....................................................................................35
 
 Wage withholding and unpaid wages...............................................................................36
 
Rest days...................................................................................................................................38
 
Long hours and workloads....................................................................................................39
 
 Workers’ compensation.........................................................................................................41
 
Health care and maternity leave............................................................................................42
 
Health care...........................................................................................................................42
 
Maternity leave....................................................................................................................43
 
 
 Termination of contracts.......................................................................................................44
 
Inadequate living conditions.................................................................................................45
 
International labor standards and government response..................................................46
 
 The right to just and favorable conditions of work......................................................46
 
Freedom from discrimination...........................................................................................47
 
Recommendations..................................................................................................................51
 
 To Labor Ministries............................................................................................................51
 
 To Heads of State and Government, and Parliaments.....................................................52
 
IV. Child domestic workers.......................................................................................................53
 
 Worst forms of child labor....................................................................................................54
 
Separation from family...........................................................................................................56
 
Education denied....................................................................................................................58
 
Barriers to education..........................................................................................................59
 
 Working in order to attend school...................................................................................59
 
 The effect of work on education......................................................................................61
 
International human rights law and government response..............................................62
 
Recommendations..................................................................................................................65
 
 To Heads of State and Government, and Parliaments.................................................65
 
 To Labor Ministries............................................................................................................66
 
 To Ministries of Education...............................................................................................66
 
 V. Migrant domestic workers....................................................................................................67
 
Recruitment and training.......................................................................................................69
 
Restrictions on freedom of movement and association...................................................73
 
Legal status...............................................................................................................................76
 
Debt..........................................................................................................................................78
 
Reproductive, marriage and sexual rights............................................................................80
 
Language and religion............................................................................................................83
 
International human rights law and government response..............................................83
 
Recommendations..................................................................................................................89
 
 To Labor Ministries............................................................................................................89
 
 To Heads of State and Government, and Parliaments.................................................89
 
 To the Police, Attorney General’s Offices, and the Judiciary......................................90
 
 Acknowledgments.......................................................................................................................91
 
 Appendix A – Human Rights Watch reports on domestic workers...................................92
 

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