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A Report on Demand for Creation of Small States in India

A Report on Demand for Creation of Small States in India

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Published by gkhare2
This report discusses the demand for creation of small states in India. The motivation for this report is the decision of the central government of India to carve out a separate state of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh, following fast by K. Chandrasekhara Rao.
This report discusses the demand for creation of small states in India. The motivation for this report is the decision of the central government of India to carve out a separate state of Telangana from Andhra Pradesh, following fast by K. Chandrasekhara Rao.

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Published by: gkhare2 on Jan 04, 2010
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A report on demand for creation of small states in India
 A report submitted to
Prof. Vijaya Sherry Chand
In partial fulfilment of the requirements of the courseOn
January 4, 2010
By 
1
 
Table of Contents
 
Introduction
Earlier in December 2009, Telangana Rashtra Samiti leader Mr. K. Chandrasekara Raostarted his fast unto death, demanding the creation of the separate state of Telangana inAndhra Pradesh. The union government acceded to the demand and announced that thegovernment would initiate the process for the formation of separate state of Telangana. After the government accepted the demand of creation of Telangana, demands of creation of newstates in different parts of India, such as Vidarbha in Maharashtra [1], Gorkhaland in WestBengal [2], Bundelkhand, Purvanchal and Harit Pradesh in Uttar Pradesh [3], Kutch inGujarat [4] and South Tamil Nadu in Tamil Nadu [5] have come to the fore. It may be notedthat though the demands for the creation of these states have been raised since long time, itis only after the granting of the demand for the creation of Telangana that these demandshave gathered momentum.Demand for statehood to different regions in different states marks second level of assertionof political aspirations by disparate groups. First level of assertion of political aspiration for separate states was mainly on linguistic lines more than half a century back. In addition tolanguage, historically regional issues have been the basis for the demand for creation of separate states. For example, the demand for creation of states of Uttarakhand, Chhatisgarhand Jharkhand had been made as far back as 1948 [6], 1924 [7] and 1912 [8]. However these demands largely went unheeded till the year 2000, when the new states were actuallyformed. Formation of these new states represents second level of assertion of politicalaspirations, wherein common language is no longer the factor for keeping the statestogether. Once the linguistic state is formed, the second level of assertion of politicalaspirations is a sign that that people assert their ambitions at a regional level, which is belowthe level of linguistic states already formed.Before discussing the implications of the demands of creation of different states, it ispertinent to elaborate the basis and background of these demands.
First Level: Formation of states on linguistic lines
Background
Language is one of the most important factors contributing to diversity of India. According tocensus of 2001, as many as 29 languages are being spoken by more than one million
3

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