Published, October, 1915 Second Edition, November, 1915 Third Edition, December, 1915 Fourth Edition, March, 1916 Fifth Edition, April, 1916 Sixth Edition, May, 1916 Seventh Edition, June, 1916 Eighth Revised Edition, September, 1916 Ninth Edition, September, 1916
FOREWORDTo one who has been an eye-witness of the wonderful achievements of American medical science in theconquest of acute communicable and pestilential diseases in those regions of the earth where they weresupposed to be impregnably entrenched, there is the strongest possible appeal in the present rapidly growingmovement for the improvement of physical efficiency and the conquest of chronic diseases of the vital organs.Through the patient, intelligent and often heroic work of our army medical men, and the staff of the UnitedStates Public Health Service, death-rates supposedly fixed have been cut in half.While it is true that to the public mind there is a more lurid and spectacular menace in such diseases assmall-pox, yellow fever and plague, medical men and public health workers are beginning to realize that, withthe warfare against such maladies well organized, it is now time to give attention to the heavy loss fromlowered physical efficiency and chronic, preventable disease, a loss exceeding in magnitude that sustainedfrom the more widely feared communicable diseases.The insidious encroachment of the chronic diseases that sap the vitality of the individual and impair theefficiency of the race is a matter of increasing importance. The mere extension of human life is not only initself an end to be desired, but the well digested scientific facts presented in this volume clearly show that themost direct and effective means of lengthening human life are at the same time those that make it more livableand add to its power and capacity for achievement.Many years ago, Disraeli, keenly alive to influences affecting national prosperity, stated: "Public Health is thefoundation on which reposes the happiness of the people and the power of a country. The care of the publichealth is the first duty of a statesman." It may well be claimed that the care of individual and family health isthe first and most patriotic duty of a citizen.These are the considerations that have influenced me to co-operate with the life extension movement, and tocommend this volume to the earnest consideration of all who desire authoritative guidance in improving theirown physical condition or in making effective the knowledge now available for bringing health and happinessto our people.WM. H. TAFT. New Haven, June 12, 1915.PREFACEThe purpose of this book is to spread knowledge of
and thus to promote the aims of theLife Extension Institute. These may be summarized briefly as: (1) to provide the individual and the physicianwith the latest and best conclusions on individual hygiene; (2) to ascertain the exact and special needs of theindividual through periodic health examinations; (3) to induce all persons who are found to be in need of medical attention to visit their physicians.A sad commentary on the low health-ideals which now exist is that to most people the expression "
" means no more than
to keep out of a sick-bed
. Hitherto, the subject-matter of hygiene has beenconsidered in its relation to disease rather than to health. In this manual, on the other hand, it is treated in itsrelation to (1) the preservation of health; (2) the improvement in the physical condition of the individual, and(3) the increase of his vitality. In short, the objects of the manual are positive rather than negative. It aims toinclude every practical procedure that, according to the present state of our knowledge, an athlete needs in
How to Live, by Irving Fisher and Eugene Fisk3