temperature, fabrication and inspection procedure and
. The thickness calculated usingapplicable code formula is the regulation thickness. This much thicknessmust be available uniformly everywhere in the vessel body.The regulation thickness needs to be corrected for the
. The next available
is then the
recommended wall thickness
.Available wall thickness is the thickness left after deducting the milltolerance and corrosion allowance from the recommended wall thickness.This is obviously more than or at least equal to the regulation thickness. Themaximum pressure that the shape can withstand with this available thicknesswhile still complying with the regulation thickness formula is calculated.This is the
Maximum Working Pressure
(MWP) allowed by therecommended wall thickness.After fabrication and assembly, the vessel is tested for its pressureintegrity. The test if often carried out at a pressure higher than the design pressure as well as the maximum working pressure. It is rated so as todevelop in the weakest vessel portion stresses equivalent to the yield stressof the material of construction. The hydrotest pressure is obtained bymultiplying the MWP by a factor greater than 1. Logically it is 1-5, thesafety factor used in getting allowable stress from material’s yield stress.
Flange Design Calculations
Adjacent vessel shapes (as in adjacent layers of a composite shape)need to be connected. These could be welded on flange connected. PVDAallows the user to specify suitable connection choice. Flanged connection, if selected need to be properly designed.Various types of flanges and flange surfaces are possible. Choicedepends on the service and vessel dimensions. Similarly, a wide choice isavailable for gasket material. The choice is governed by the service andflange type.Suitable design formulae lead to calculation of Gasket CircleDiameter, Gasket Width, Bolt Circle Diameter, number of Bolts, Diameter of each Bolt, flange outer diameter and flange thickness. PVDA supportsthese calculation steps for a given choice of flange type, flange surface,gasket material, gasket thickness and bolt material.