Chapter 5: Light
CHAPTER 5: LIGHT5.1 UNDERSTANDING REFLECTION OF LIGHT
1. Reflection of light on a Plane Mirror
Mirror works because it reflects light..
The light ray that strikes the surface of the mirror is called incident ray.
The light ray that bounces off from the surface of the mirror is called reflected ray.
The normal is a line perpendicular to the mirror surface where the reflection occurs.
The angle between the incident ray and the normalis called the angle of incidence, i
The angle between the reflected ray and the normalis called the angle of reflection, r.Common terminology of reflection of light on a plane mirror Normal : A line at right angles to the mirror’s surface.Incident ray : A ray of light that is directed onto the mirror’s surface.Reflected ray : A ray that is reflected by the mirror’s surface.Angle of incidence : The angle between the incident ray and the normalAngle of reflection : The angle between the reflected ray and the normal2. Laws of Reflection 1. The incident ray, the reflected ray and the normal all lie in the same plane.2. The angle of incidence, i, is equal to the angle of reflection, r.3. Ray diagrams to show the positioning and characteristics of the image formed by a planemirror.4. Describe the characteristics of theimage formed by reflection of light..1. laterally inverted,2. same size as the object,3. virtual4. upright5. as far behind the mirror as the object is in front of it. Notes:Real image : Image that can be seen on a screenVirtual image : Image that cannot be seen on a screen.