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Chapter 5: Light

Chapter 5: Light

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Published by mieraedora

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Published by: mieraedora on Jan 05, 2010
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12/09/2012

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Chapter 5: Light
Form 4
CHAPTER 5: LIGHT5.1 UNDERSTANDING REFLECTION OF LIGHT
1. Reflection of light on a Plane Mirror 
Mirror works because it reflects light..
The light ray that strikes the surface of the mirror is called incident ray.
The light ray that bounces off from the surface of the mirror is called reflected ray.
The normal is a line perpendicular to the mirror surface where the reflection occurs.
The angle between the incident ray and the normalis called the angle of incidence, i
The angle between the reflected ray and the normalis called the angle of reflection, r.Common terminology of reflection of light on a plane mirror  Normal : A line at right angles to the mirror’s surface.Incident ray : A ray of light that is directed onto the mirror’s surface.Reflected ray : A ray that is reflected by the mirror’s surface.Angle of incidence : The angle between the incident ray and the normalAngle of reflection : The angle between the reflected ray and the normal2. Laws of Reflection 1. The incident ray, the reflected ray and the normal all lie in the same plane.2. The angle of incidence, i, is equal to the angle of reflection, r.3. Ray diagrams to show the positioning and characteristics of the image formed by a planemirror.4. Describe the characteristics of theimage formed by reflection of light..1. laterally inverted,2. same size as the object,3. virtual4. upright5. as far behind the mirror as the object is in front of it. Notes:Real image : Image that can be seen on a screenVirtual image : Image that cannot be seen on a screen.
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Chapter 5: Light
Form 4
Reflection of light on curved mirror Concave mirror Convex mirror Common terminology of curved mirrorsCentre of curvature, C The center of sphere of the mirror Principle axis The connecting line from the centre of curvature to point PRadius of curvature, CP The distance between the centre of curvature andthe surface of the mirror.Focal point, F The focal point of a concave mirror is the point onthe principle axis where all the reflected rays meetand converge.The focal point of convex mirror is the point on the principle axis where all the reflected rays appear todiverge from behind the mirror.Focal length, f The distance between the focal point and thesurface of the mirror. (FP or ½ CP)Object distance, u The distance between the object and the surface of the mirror.Image distance, v The distance between the image and the surface of the mirror.DifferencesConcave MirrorConvex MirroRays travelling parallel to the principal axisconverge to a point, called the focal pointon the principal axis.FP = focal length, f Rays travelling parallel to the principal axisappear to diverge from a point behind the mirror,called the focal point on the principal axis.FP = focal length, f 
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Chapter 5: Light
Form 4
Construction Rules for Concave Mirror and Convex Mirror Rule 1:Concave Mirror Convex Mirror A ray parallel to the principal axis is reflectedthrough F.A ray parallel to the principal axis is reflectedas if it comes from FRule 2:Concave Mirror Convex Mirror A ray passing through F is reflected parallel tothe principal axisA ray directed towards F is reflected parallel tothe principal axisRule 3:Concave Mirror Convex Mirror A ray passing through C is reflected back along the same path through C.A ray is directed towards C is reflected back along the same path away from C.Differences between real and virtual image:
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Real imageVirtual imageCan be caught on ascreenCannot be caught on ascreenFormed by the meetingof real rays.Form at a position whererays appear to beoriginating.

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