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Sejarah Islam Di Vietnam

Sejarah Islam Di Vietnam

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Published by Muhammad Nur

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Published by: Muhammad Nur on Jan 06, 2010
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11/22/2012

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Sejarah Islam di Vietnam
The exact dates of Islam's spread in Indo-China is not known for certain. Tanggal yang pasti penyebaran Islam di Indo-Cina tidak diketahui secara pasti. However, generallyspeaking, Islam arrived in Indo-China before it reached China during the Tang Dynasty(618-907). Namun, secara umum, Islam tiba di Indo-Cina sebelum mencapai Cina selamadinasti Tang (618-907). It was introduced by merchants from the Muslim world whosailed along the coastal cities. The following is a map and a quote from "Arab Seafaring" by George F. Hourani: Hal ini diperkenalkan oleh pedagang dari dunia Muslim yang berlayar di sepanjang kota-kota pesisir. Berikut adalah sebuah peta dan kutipan dari"pelaut Arab" oleh George F. Hourani:
 
"After the passage through the Malacca Strait, known to the Arabs by its Malay name of Salaht ("Strait"), a call was made at Tiuman Island. Next cutting across to Indo-China,
 
they stopped at ports in Sanf, the Champa kingdom in the eastern coastal, then at anisland off the coast, known as Sanf Fulaw (corrupted in our texts to "Sandar Fulat").From there vessels might coast round the Gulf of Tongking to Hanoi, known as Luqin, before they made for their final destination, Canton, which was called Khanfu." "Setelah bagian melalui Selat Malaka, yang dikenal orang-orang Arab oleh nama malay Salaht ("Selat "), panggilan ini dibuat di Pulau Tiuman. Selanjutnya memotong di Indo-Cina,mereka berhenti di pelabuhan-pelabuhan di Sanf, yang Champa kerajaan di pantai timur,lalu di sebuah pulau lepas pantai, yang dikenal sebagai Sanf Fulaw (rusak dalam teks-tekskami untuk "Sandar Fulat"). Dari sana mungkin pembuluh sekeliling pantai Teluk Tongking ke Hanoi, yang dikenal sebagai Luqin, sebelum mereka membuat untuk tujuanakhir mereka, Kanton, yang disebut Khanfu. "What is known for sure is that by the 11th century, Islam was already in Vietnam due torecent discovery of two gravestones belonging to the Champa Muslims, dated from theearly 11th century. Apa yang diketahui pasti adalah bahwa pada abad ke-11, Islam sudahdi Vietnam karena penemuan baru-baru ini dua batu nisan milik umat Islam Champa,tanggal dari awal abad ke-11.Before we proceed further, we need to understand the historical background of the Champa people. Sebelum kita melangkah lebih jauh, kita perlu memahami latar belakang sejarah dari orang-orangChampa. The kingdom of Champa was found in the 2nd century andlasted until the 17th century. Kerajaan Champa ditemukan di abad ke-2 dan berlangsung hingga abad ke-17. Their land stretched along theCentral coast of what is now modern Vietnam from
Hoành S½nmassif (Müi Ròn)
in the north to
Phan Thiªt (Müi Kê Gà)
in the south. Tanah merekamembentang di sepanjang pantai Tengah yang sekarang vietnam modern dari
Hoành S ½n massif (MUI Ron)
di utara sampai
Phan Thi ª t (MUI EK GA)
di selatan. The people is of Malayo-Polynesian stock with indianised culture. Orang-orang adalah Malayo-Polynesiaindianised saham dengan budaya.When Islam came, few Champa people adopted it. Ketika Islam datang, hanya sedikitorang Champa diadopsi itu. However, some time between 1607 and 1676, the king of Champa became Muslim thus precipitating most of his people to enter Islam also. Namun, beberapa waktu antara 1607 dan 1676, raja Champa menjadi Muslim sehinggamenimbulkan sebagian besar orang untuk masuk Islam juga.Throughout the century, the Champa provinces were slowly annexed one by one untilfinally, by the 17th century they were completely absorbed by the
ÐÕi Vi®t
(vietnamese).Sepanjang abad, provinsi Champa dianeksasi perlahan satu demi satu sampai akhirnya, pada abad ke-17 mereka benar-benar diserap oleh
ÐÕi Vi ® t
(vietnamese). During thereign of the Vietnamese king,
Minh MÕng
, the Champa were severly persecuted. Selamamasa pemerintahan raja Vietnam,
Minh Mong,
yang Champa itu severly dianiaya. As aconsequence, the last Champa Muslim king,
Pô Ch½n,
decided to gather his people

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