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In their own words: Selected writings by journalists on Mongolia, 1997-1999: Part 1b

In their own words: Selected writings by journalists on Mongolia, 1997-1999: Part 1b

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Published by David South
Publisher: UNDP Mongolia Communications Office
Editor-in-Chief: David South
Research Editor: Julie Schneiderman
ISBN 99929-5-043-9
Printer: Admon Company
Part 1b of 250 pages.

In their own words compiles by theme the vast number of stories and features by journalists on Mongolia's transition experience from 1997 to 1999. A rich and unusual resource for a developing country, this book offers the reader a one-stop snapshot of how a country handles the wrenching social, political, cultural, economic and environmental challenges of changing from one political and economic system to another.
Publisher: UNDP Mongolia Communications Office
Editor-in-Chief: David South
Research Editor: Julie Schneiderman
ISBN 99929-5-043-9
Printer: Admon Company
Part 1b of 250 pages.

In their own words compiles by theme the vast number of stories and features by journalists on Mongolia's transition experience from 1997 to 1999. A rich and unusual resource for a developing country, this book offers the reader a one-stop snapshot of how a country handles the wrenching social, political, cultural, economic and environmental challenges of changing from one political and economic system to another.

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Published by: David South on Jan 06, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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1 5
U BP o st
1 9 -0 1 -9 9
It'sth e iry e a r,b u t p o v e rtys ta lk s
m a n yo f M o n g o lia 's s e n io rc itiz e n s
B Y
N .O Y U N B A Y A R -
A
s M o n g o lia 's Y ear o f
/\
th eE ld e rlyb e g i n s ,6 0
X ~X ser
c e n t
o f
M on-
^f c 'ss e n i o r s liv ei n p o v e rty .
T ta 'sth e fig u re g iv e n b y
th e
M o n g o lia n
S e n io r s '
,w hich
s a y s
th e
m ts h o u l d
u s e
th e
y e a r
t o
a tta c k
am ongth en a tio n 's
M 9Sh a sb e e nd e s ig n a te d
iM e n u tio n a l
Y earo f
th e
B 4erNb y th e U n itedN a tio n s ,
m m
m e
M o n g o lia n
g o v e rn -
\u2022n t
h a s fo llo w ed
s u itb y
n g
aY ear of the
\u2022fc r th isc o u n try .
A
m a tio n a l
o rg a n iz in g
sm m m trtK .h e a d e d
b y
th e
fam e
M in ister,h a sb e e n
s a c
jr e c .and ab u d g e t of
5 0
m illio n
(U .S .
1 W JH 1 T) Jn n trrl fo r e v e n ts
\u2022t a o d t o f c ey e a r .
M M g atiai s hom e t o m ore
M i^S .O O Os e n i o r s ,d e f i n e d
\u00ab*B
coB cerya sw om eno v e r
i.:~ i-
r v e r 60 .M ost
o n
p e n s io n s
o f
iT g
1 2 ,0 0 0
a n d
T g
5~: -:5 - $ 6 6 )
p e r
I
th e
m ajo rity
w ho
:p e n s io n e rs
b e fo re
1 5
p e n s io n -re fo rm
la w
ik s sth a n
th e ir
4c o u n te rp a rts . Som e
ns e n io rsa re
c lyp o o r.
\u2022s 'A s s o c ia tio n
fc Ba f e d
o nth e governm ent
-
\u2022
-; -
-~_ mp e n s i o n
m *m\u00bbT g3 0 ,0 0 0
(S 3 3 )p e r
^ \u2022f c - A r a e s e n t o n l y
1 8 ,0 0 0
m m jif
re c e iv e
p e n s io n so f
m m rm mT g3 0 ,0 0 0m o n th ly .
-js o c ia tio n 's h e a d ,J.
tm m m m ta ,to ldap re s sc o n -
m to o ea av e e kth a ts e n i o r s
e c
B Zk \u00abM o c g o lia 'stra n s i-
\u2022\u2022\u00bbac a p ita lis t econom y,
iw ho
w ere
i
s ta te -o w n e d
;c o lla p s e d
o fte n
f ly m p M ttM r \u00abM *n. b in \u2022m \u00ab io rity ,o ft h e m
I I v \u00abI n p o w rty .
s a idT s e n d s u r e n ."W e n e e dt o
a b o lis hth e
e n o rm o u s d if-
f e re n c e s
betw een
p e n s io n
ra te s ."
H e saidth e m anys e n i o r s
w ho

w ere sackedo rla id o ff lostn o t only theirjo b s but the supporto f their unionso r p ro fe s s io n a la s s o c i a t i o n s .Th e M o n g o lia n

S e n io rs '
A s-
s o c ia tio n

c o u ld be au n ify in g b o d y fo r then a tio n 'ss e n i o r s , h es a i d .

Th eA s s o c ia tio n 'sd e p u t y
c h ie f,L . C huluunbat,a r g u e d
that societyw ash u r t i n g itself
b y
fa ilin g
t o
d ra w
o n
th e
experiencea n d w isdom of its
e ld e r lyc itiz e n s .
M o n g o lia
h a s
a
lo n g
'tra d itio no fr e s p e c t fo r its
elders. This em erges m ost
forcefully atT s a g a a nS a r, the
lu n a r
n e w
year, w hen
a ll
M o n g o lia n sp a yr e s p e c t to
th e irs e n i o r s .
B usiness
la y o n
p a rtie s
a n d
g i f t sfo r t h e i rs e n i o r

w orkers.E venth eP r e s i d e n t p e rs o n a llyg re e tsth en a tio n 's 3 0 or soc e n t e n a r i a n s .

A nds e n i o r sd or e c e i v e a num bero fc o n c e s s i o n s , in - c lu d in gth er i g h t tof r e e o r

s u b s id iz e dp u b lictra n s ita n d
som ef r e e m edical treatm ent.
V eteransa l s o receive one-
tim e pay m entso f betw eenT g
2 0 0 ,0 0 0 and Tg5 0 0 ,0 0 0 .
B ut,saysth e A ssociation,
itis n o t nearly enough.
S till,says Tsendsuren,th e
S e n io rs 'A s s o c ia tio n
d o e s

h a v eo n ea d v a n t a g e .U n like m ost of the country's5 0 0 N G O s, the M SA has ac o n -

c re te
la w
around w hicht o
lobbyth e governm ent.
" T h e r e 'sagovernm ent
policyo n im pro v ing th e health
a n d
social w elfare
of the
e ld e r ly , and a program m e to
im plem entth is p o lic y ,"h e
s a id .
" Th e
le g a lfram ew o rk
is
th e re .T h e jo bo fo rg a n iz a tio n s
lik e o u rs is to pay a tte n tio nt o
th eim plem en tatio nof the
program m e and the la w ."

Y ear of the E lderly acti- v it ie s that have already been a n n o u n c e din c lu d e the Tg 45

P h o tob y5 .E N K H J A R G A l
m illio n
r e s t o r a t i o n of the
Ta rin a
s a n ita riu m
i n
To v
a im a g ,w hichs e r v e d
M on-
g o lia 'ss e n i o r s
i n
s o c ia lis t
tim es,a n d th e establishm ento f
s e n io rs ' c u ltu rea n d re c re a tio n
c e n tre sinU la a n b a a ta r a n d a ll
a im a g c a p ita ls .

Th en a tio n a lco m m ittee charged w ith organizing Year o f the E lderly events iss la te d

to m eet this w eek.
M ongol M essenger
2 8 -1 0 -9 8
W a s te dw a te rta k in g
ato llo nU la a n b a a ta r
H y d ro lo g is ts
re p o rt
t h a t
U laanbaatar'sw ater ta b leh a sb e e n
re d u c e d by 30 percent over the
p a st 30y e a r s due to hum anim p a c t.
O nee x p e r tre p o rtst h a t an
ty p ic a lh o u s e h o l du s e s35 0l i t r e s
o f w atera day,m ost o fw hich is
w asted .
O ther
im p a c ts
a re
d e f o r e s ta tio n
a n de r o s i o nfro m
m in in ga n dlo g g in g . I t is estim ated
th a tM o n g o liah a s3 4 .3c u b i c k m
o f w aterr e s e r v e and 6.1m illio n
c u b ic m etreso f w aterd e p t h .
I nre la te dnew s,a no n g o in g
p r o je c t tod rill 45 new
w ellsi n
c e n tra l ands o u t h e r nre g io n s is in
its second stage. Th et h r e ey e a r
p r o je c t isa s s i s t e d by theU ND P,
th e governm ents o f A ustria a n d
H o lla n d
a n d
th e
Sw edish
I n te rn a tio n a l
D evelopm ent
a g e n c y .
1 6
U BP o st
2 2 -1 0 -9 7
W e e k -lo n gc a m p a ig np u ts p o v e rty
in then a tio n a l s p o tlig h t
T h e
U n ite d
N a tio n sh a s
c a lle dp o v e rtyth ew o rld 's
m ost
p re s s in g
p ro b le m .
A n da c c o rd in gto th e U N -
b a c k e d
M o n g o lia n
H um an

D e v e lo p m e n tR e p o rt,p u b - lis h e dla s tm o n th ,p o v e rty in

th is
c o u n try
is on
th e
ris e .T h a t w a s th es o b e rin g
m essaged e liv e r e db y rep-
re s e n ta tiv e s
o f
th e
M o n g o lia n
g o v e rn m e n t
a n d
th e
U n ite d
N a tio n s
D e v e lo p m e n t
P ro g ra m m e
a tth e
O c to b e r
1 7
la u n c h
o f
P o v e rty
E ra d ic a tio n
W eek, w h ic hru n sth ro u g h
O c to b e r
2 4 .
"T o d a y
th e re
a re
1 .3
b illio n
p e o p le in thew o rld
liv in g
o n
le s s
th a n
$1 a
d a y ,"
s a id
U N D P
s p o k e s -
p e r s o n D a v id
S o u th .
A c c o rd in g to the
U N 's
re s e a rc h , p o v e rty
inM on-
g o lia in c r e a s e d 40 per c e n t
b e tw e e n
1 9 9 0
a n d1 9 9 6 .
Ite s tim a te s
1 9 .6p e rc e n t
o fM o n g o lia n sa rep o o r.
In
a d d itio n
t o
h ig h lig h tin gth ep ro b le m
o f
p o v e rty ,th e
w e e ki s a ls o
in te n d e d
to
show case
th e
w o rk
o f
th e
N a tio n a l
P o v e rty
A lle v ia tio n
P ro -
g ra m m e .
L a u n c h e d
in
1 9 9 4
in
c o lla b o ra tio nw ith th e U N ,
th e
W o rld
B ank
a n d
th e
A s ia nD e v e lo p m e n tB ank,
it h a sim p le m e n te d
9 0 0
p ro je c ts
th ro u g h o u tth e
c o u n try .
T h e
k e y
t o
th o s e
p ro je c ts
ism ic ro c re d it
-
sm alllo a n s
d e s ig n e d
to
h e lp
p o o r
fa m ilie s ,
e s p e c ia llyth o s e h e a d e d
b y
w om en,
s ta rt
sm all
b u s in e s s e s .
B .C h u lu u n ts e ts e g ,a
I BP o s t
s in g le
m o th e r
o f
fo u r,
re c e iv e d
a
lo a n
o f
T g
6 5 0 ,0 0 0fo u rm o n th sa g o .
S he
w o rk s
a s
a
c ra fts -
w om an
m a k in g
je w e lry
fro m
s ilv e r ,c o p p e r,b r a s s
a n dle a th e r.
S he
h a sb e e n
a b le
to
b u y
a
tw o -ro o m
h o u s e
w ith a y a rd , and can now
p a y
h e r
d a u g h te r's
u n iv e rs itytu itio n
fe e s .
!1 C
I IM "
n tin W
o f
th i
T h e
p r in c ip le
o f
tN
lo a nis to p a y 2 0 p e rc e rt
b a c k
in
th e
se c o n d
y e a l
3 0
p e rc e n t in
th e
th irt
y e a r a n d 5 0 p e rc e n t in 1
fo u rthy e a r.
"T h e
p u rp o s e
w e e k -lo n gc a m p a ig nis tt
p ro v e
th a t
p o v e rti
e ra d ic a tio n
isp o s s ib le
th e re
is
th e
w ill,"
sa ;
S o u th .
1 1 -1 1 -9 7
M o n g o lia
n e e d s e m e rg e n c y
f o o d a id , s a y s r e p o r t
M o n g o lia 'sfo o d -s u p p ly
c ris isi ss e rio u se n o u g h t o
c a llfo re m e rg e n c yfo o d
a id ,s a y sa re p o rtb y th e
U n ite d N a tio n s 'F o o da n d
A g ric u ltu re O rg a n iz a tio n .
A n
F A O
m is s io n
to
M o n g o liainS e p te m b e r a n d
O c to b e r
a s s e s s e d
th e
c o u n try 'sfo o d -s u p p ly s it-
u a tio n , w h ic hs p e c ia la t-
te n tio n to th ec ro p s s e c to r.
Itsc o n c lu s io n s a re so -
b e rin g .
O nei nf o u r c h ild re n i s
c h ro n ic a lly
u n d e r-
n o u ris h e d .A n d w h ile M o n -
g o lia
d o e s n 't
fa c eth e
th re a to f w id e s p re a d fa m -
in e ,i t " n o wfa c e sas e rio u s
fo o dd e fic ita n do n ly p r o -
d u c e s som e 60 perc e n t of
its
e s tim a te d
c e re a l
n e e d s ."
A n dth e
re p o rt w a rn s
o f" ag ro w in g
p o p u la tio n
o fv u ln e ra b le , lo w - in c o m e
p e o p le
w ho
have been
e x p e rie n c in ga d ra m a tic fa ll
inn u tritio n a l s ta n d a rd s d u e
to am a jo r d e te rio ra tio n in
th e ir
e c o n o m ic
c irc u m -
s ta n c e s ."
T h e
s tu d y
p a in ts
a
p ic tu re
of ana g ric u ltu ra l
s e c to ri n
dire straits.
It
n o te s
th a t,
b e fo re
th e
c o lla p s e
o f
th e
S o v ie t
U n io n , M o n g o lia p ro d u c e d
s u ffic ie n tc e re a ls-m o stly
w heat \u2014 tom e e t d o m e s tic
dem and
a n de v e n to
e x -
p o rt.
B utb o th
c ro p
y ie ld s
a n d
a re a
h a rv e s te dh a v e
p lu m m e te d
s in c eth e n .
T h e1 9 9 6h a r v e s twas 70
p e rc e n t lo w e r th a n p re -
1 9 9 0le v e ls .
T h e
F A O
re p o rtfo re -
c a s tsth e1 9 9 7h a r v e s t a t
2 8 2 ,0 0 0to n n e s - 28 per
c e n th ig h e r th a ni n1 9 9 6 ,
buts tillo n ly 40 perc e n t
o f1 9 9 0 'sh a rv e s t.
T h e
re lia n c e
o n
im -
p o rte dc e re a lsi s c re a tin g
ad a n g e ro u s s itu a tio n .F or
th e
1 9 9 7 -9 8
m a rk e tin g
y e a r,th e re p o rt p re d ic tsa
9 0 ,0 0 0 -to n n e
s h o rtfa ll
b e tw e e n re q u ire m e n tsa n d
im p o rts,
"fo r
w h ic hth e
c o u n try n e e d s e m e rg e n c y
a n d
p ro g ra m m e fo o da s-
s is ta n c e ."
Itc a lls u p o n th e
N a t-
io n a l P o v e rtyA lle v ia tio n
P ro g ra m m et ofin d2 3 ,0 0 0
to n n e so f e m e rg e n c y fo o d
a id fo rs o c ie ty 'sp o o re s t,
a sw e lla s 6 7 ,0 0 0 to n n e s
o fp ro g ra m m e fo o d a id .
In
1 9 9 6 ,
th e
c o u n try
re c e iv e d
6 2 3 6 to n n e so f
fo o d
a id ,
la rg e ly
fro m
J a p a n .
G ra inp ro d u c tio n-c o n -
c e n tra te dm a in ly in th e six
a im a g s
o f
th e
C e n tra l
A g ric u ltu ra lR e g io n
(0 -
rk h o n ,
T o v ,
B u lg a n ,
D a rk h a n ,O v o rk h a n g a ia n d
S e le n g e ) - is av u ln e ra b le
s e c to r.
F e rtiliz e rs
a n d
in s e c t-
ic id e sh a v en o tb e e n u s e d
inseveral years, a n d th e
g o o d
h a rv e stth isy e a ri s
d u ela rg e lyt o fa v o u ra b le
p r e c ip ita tio n .
M o n g o lia 's
flo u rm ills
a rew o rk in g at o n iy 50 per
c e n t c a p a c ity .
"T h e
fu tu re
o f
g ra in
p ro d u c tio n
lo o k sb le a k ,"
sa y sth e
re p o rt,
w ith o u t
s u b s ta n tia lin v e s tm e n ti n
m a c h in e ry ,
c h e m ic a ls ,
m a rk e tin g ,tra in in ga n d
re s e a rc h .
T h ere p o rth a s w a rn -
in g s ,to o fo r th e liv e s to c k

s e c to r,w h ic h a c c o u n tsfo r 88 perc e n t ofM o n g o lia 's a g ric u ltu ra l

p ro d u c tio n .
C ru m b lin gin fra s tru c tu re ,
c u tst o v e te rin a ry s e rv ic e s
a n d
ad e c lin e
in
fo d d e r
p ro d u c tio n
a rec re a tin g a n
in c re a s in g ly
v u ln e ra b le
s itu a tio nfo r th e
n a tio n 's
h e rd e rs .
1 7
U B P o st
2 0 -1 0 -9 8
W eek
s h in e sth e
s p o tlig h t
o np o v e rty
A c c o rd in g
t o
th e
U n ited
N a tio n s -b a c k e d
M o n g o lia n
Hum an D evelopm ent R eport,

o n e infiv eM o n g o lia n s isp o o r. S in c eth e d e m o c ra tic tra n s itio n , p o v e rtyh a s b e e nr i s i n g ste a d ily

in this country.

Th e governm ent o f M on- golia usedth e launch of the in te rn a tio n a l

P o v e rty -E ra d i- cation Week(O c to b e r1 7 - 2 4 ) toto u tth e w o rk o f its N a tio n a l P o v e rty

A lle v ia tio n
P ro -
gram m e.
Th e
U n ited

N a tio n s - backed program m e w as laun- c h e d in1 9 9 4 and is s la te dt o

ru nu n tilth ey e a r2 0 0 0 .
Program m e chiefS . O non
to ld reporters thatN P A Ph a s
.im plem ented2 6 0 0
p ro je c ts
aim eda tin c re a sin g t h e in c o m e
o fth e m ostv u l n e r a b l e , a s w ell
a sjo b -c re a tio n ,h e a lth a n d
education projects.

I ts core activityi s m icro - c re d it, sm all loans designedt o h e lpt h ep o o r, a n d unem ployed startu p sm all-scaleb u s i n e s s e s . Since M arch 19% , NPA Ph a s d is trib u te d U .S . S 2 .2 m illio ni n s ta rt-u plo a n s , r a n g i n g fro mT g

7 5 ,0 0 0 to Tg 1 m illio n , to m ore
th a n2 1 ,0 0 0p e o p l e .

A t thel a u n c h o f the w e e k 's activities, journalists w erele d o n a to u r of several successful p ro je c ts

inU laanbaatar, in - c lu d in g ab a k e ry and as a u s a g e fa c to ryi nB ayangold i s t r i c t , a

shoe w orkshopi nC hingeltei
d is tr ic ta n d
flo o db a r r i e r si n
C h in g e lte i d is tric t c o n s tru c te d
b yth e unem ployed.
"O urg o a l is tos u p p o r t , in
particular, disabled peoplea n d
p o o r wom en headso fh o u s e -

h o ld w hoh a v en ojo b sb u th a v e th ea b i l i t ya n d d e s i r et o w ork," said Onon.

The week culm inates in a
charity concerto n Friday(O c -
to b e r 23) at the Youth Palace
inU laanbaatar.
O n O c to b e r2 6 ,N P A P w ill
p re s e n t R ussianje e p s to a
num ber of soum s for use as
am bulances.

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