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In their own words: Selected writings by journalists on Mongolia, 1997-1999: Part 1c

In their own words: Selected writings by journalists on Mongolia, 1997-1999: Part 1c

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Published by David South
Publisher: UNDP Mongolia Communications Office
Editor-in-Chief: David South
Research Editor: Julie Schneiderman
ISBN 99929-5-043-9
Printer: Admon Company
Part 1c of 250 pages.

In their own words compiles by theme the vast number of stories and features by journalists on Mongolia's transition experience from 1997 to 1999. A rich and unusual resource for a developing country, this book offers the reader a one-stop snapshot of how a country handles the wrenching social, political, cultural, economic and environmental challenges of changing from one political and economic system to another.
Publisher: UNDP Mongolia Communications Office
Editor-in-Chief: David South
Research Editor: Julie Schneiderman
ISBN 99929-5-043-9
Printer: Admon Company
Part 1c of 250 pages.

In their own words compiles by theme the vast number of stories and features by journalists on Mongolia's transition experience from 1997 to 1999. A rich and unusual resource for a developing country, this book offers the reader a one-stop snapshot of how a country handles the wrenching social, political, cultural, economic and environmental challenges of changing from one political and economic system to another.

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Published by: David South on Jan 07, 2010
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02/10/2014

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3 3
I BP o s t
A w a rd s
s a lu te
g re e n
p ro je c ts
A
g a rb a g e -re c y c lin gschem e
inag e rd is tric to fU laanbaatar,
a n a ir-p o llu tio n p ro je c t and an
aw areness-raising
c a m p a ig n
ta rg e te d
a t
h e r d e r s
w ere
am ong th e w in n e rs at the first
E n v iro n m e n ta l P u b lic A w are-
ness aw ards.
T h eO c to b e r1 6 aw ards
c a p p e d
th e
tw o -y e a r
E n v iro n m e n ta l P u b licA w are-
ness P rogram m e.
F u n d e d b y th eD u tc h g o v -
e rn m e n t,th eU n ite d N a tio n s
D e v e lo p m e n tP rogram m ea n d
th eA u stralian
E m bassyi n
B e ijin g ,
th e
P rogram m e
s u p p o rte d , th ro u g h tra in in g
a n ds m a llg ra n ts ,9 1 s m a ll
p ro je c tsd e s ig n e dt ora is e
aw arenesso f th e
c o u n try 's
fra g ilee c o lo g y .

T h e projects w ere carried out by M o n g o lia n N G O s and governm ent

a g e n c ie s
i n
U laanbaatara n d a ll2 1 a im a g s .
T h e 2 2p ro je c ts s a lu te d fo r
th e ira c c o m p lis h m e n tso n
F rid a yr a n g e d from a v id e o
d e m o n s tra tin gh o w top la n t a
tree to a cam paignt o erect road
s ig n si n d u s tyD alanzadgad
a n date le v is e d e c o lo g y O ly m -
p ia d .
A tth eaw ards cerem ony,
i tw asa n n o u n c e d
th a tth e
p ro je c t w illb e e x te n d e dfo r
a n o th e r tw oy e a r s .
T he
cerem ony
a ls o
m arked th ela u n c ho fth e n e w s
p u b lis h e d G reenB o o k ,a ho w -
tom anual o ne n v iro n m e n ta l
p ro te c tio ni nM o n g o lia .
2 0 -1 0 -9 8
U BP o st
3 0 -0 9 -9 7
Atre e g ro w sin U B
E v e ry
M o n g o lia n
s h o u ld
p la n tatre e
ay e a r,s a y s
T h e
M o n g o lia n
F o re s try
A s s o c ia tio n 's
T s .
B a n z r a g c h .
A
n e w ly
a d o p te d
fo re s try
la w
e n c o u r a g e s
lo c a l
a u th o r itie s
t o
o r g a n iz e
c itiz e ntr e e -p la n tin g ,a n d
B a n z r a g c h 's
g ro u p
h a s
c o m p le te d
a film . H ow
to
P la n tA
T re e ,t oe d u c a te
p e o p le
o n
tr e e -p la n tin g
te c h n iq u e s .
It'sone of m o reth a n6 0
N 6O -
a n d
g o v e rn m e n t-
in itia te d
E n v ir o n m e n a l
P u b licA w areness
p r o je c ts
s u p p o rte d
b y m oney from
A u s tr a lia ,th e N e th e r la n d s
a n d
th e
U n ite d
N a tio n s
D e v e lo p m e n tP ro g ra m m e .
T h e
w id e -r a n g in g
p r o je c ts ,
o u tlin e d
a t
a
S e p te m b e r
2 3
p re s s
c o n fe re n c e
a t th e
P re s s
In s titu te
o f
M o n g o lia ,
in c lu d e
th e
S e lb e
R iv e r
p r o te c tio n
p r o je c t,
p la n t
a n d
a n im a lr e s e a r c h
a t
O tg o nT e n g e r
p r o te c te d
a r e a ,th e B lu eB ag r e c y c lin g
schem e,
a n
in itia tiv e
to
fig h t
a ir
p o llu tio n
in
U la a n b a a ta r
and ap r o je c t
d u b b e d
G obi
N a tu re
T h ro u g hC h ild r e n 'sE y e s .
3 4
U BP o st
2 5 -1 1 -9 7
W arm
ande c o fr ie n d ly : w hy
s tra w
h o u s e s
h a v e
d e v e lo p m e n ta g e n c ie se x c ite d
B yD a v id SAOOW AY
A
w om an
s ta n d *
p o is e d on ala d d e r,
p la s te r in g
a
w a ll
w ith
e a rth -re d
m ud.A n
a d ja c e n tro o m ,s o o nt ob *
fille d
w ith
d o c to rs
a n d
n u rs e s ,I sc o v e re d
w ith
b a ile dy e llo ws tra w .W heat
s tra w ,m ud
a n d
g lu e\u2014
th e s e
a re
th e
m a in
m a-
te ria ls
in
a
s tra w -b a le
b u ild in g .
"S tra w -b a le
c o n s tru c -
tio n
te c h n o lo g y
w as
in -
tro d u c e d
t o
M o n g o lia
in
1 9 9 5
b y
A .D ,R ,A -,
th e
A d v e n tia t
D e v e lo p m e n t
R e lie fA g e n c y ,"s a y s N .
T **n d ,th e
o ffic e r
o v e r-
s e e in gth is
p ro je c t." T h is
te c h n o lo g yh a s becom e to
p o p u la r th a t1 6p ro je c tsa re
n o w
u n d e r c o n s tru c tio no r
o nth ed ra ftin gta b le .'
R e c e n tlyth e
U .N .-fu n -
d e d
M o n g o lia n
A c tio n
P ro g ra m m e
< 0 f
th e
2 1 s t
C e n tu ryd e c id e dt o
m a rry
th ise n e r g y -e ffic ie n tb u ild -
in g
te c h n iq u e
t o
s o c ia l-
s e r v ic ep ilo tp ro je c ts .T h e
tw o fo ld
a im
is
t o
te a c h
e m p lo y a b le
s k ill*I n
c o n -
s tru c tio n
w h ile
c re a tin g
m uch
n e e d e dc o m m u n ity
s e rv ic e s in c lu d in gas c h o o l,
8k in d e rg a rte n ,ad o rm ito ry
a n dah e a lthc lin ic .
O ne
o f th e
s tra w -b a le
p ro je c ts
is
a
c o m m u n ity
h e a lth
c lin ic
in
B io c o m
b in a t,a4 ,0 0 0p e rs o n b e d -
ro o mc o m m u n ityju s t w est
o f
U la a n b a a ta r'c
B u y a n t'
U kha a
a irp o rt, W hen
th e
w o rk
> $ c o m p le teb y y e a r 's
e n d ,th e
c lin ic
w illh a v e
c h e e k -u p
ro o m s ,v is itin g
a re a s ,o ffic e sa n ds to ra g e
s p a c e s .T s e n d e x p la in sth a t
th eto ta lc o s t fo r th e1 6 0 -
v q u a ie -m e tre
b u ild in g
w ill
b e a ro u n dT g1 Zm illio n , -o r
U ,5 .$ 1 4 ,0 0 0 .
T h o u g h it isO n lyp a r-
tia llyfin is h e d ,th ec lin ic is
p le a s a n tly'w a rm .A n
e f-
fic ie n tC h in e s e - b u ilt h e a te r
re c irc u la te sw a rmw a te rt o
ra d ia to r* th ro u g h o u t
th e
b u ild in g .
" T h is
b u ild in g
re q u ire s
2 0 -3 0
k ilo g r a m so f
c o a l
d a lly
-
fo u rt o
fiv e tim e s
le a sfu e lth a n c o n v e n tio n a l
b ric kb u ild in g so f th esam e
s ii\u00ab ,"
s a y s
T s e n d .* \t
m eansth efir e o n lyn e e d s
to
be m adetw ic e a d a y .'
Thatm ean* le s s w o rk,a n d
a
lo t
fe w e r c a rb o na n d
s u lp h u ro x id e sa n d h a r m fu l
in te rio r*m oke-
A n o th e rb e n e fito f b u il-
d in g
w ith
s tra w
Is
th e
e n v ir o n m e n ta lly
frie n d ly
n a tu re
o f th e
m a te r ia ls .
N a tu ra lw heat S tra w ,c la y
a n d
s a n da re
n o n -to x ic ,
c h e a p
a n d
p le n tifu li n
M o n g o lia .S tra w -b a le c o n -
s tru c tio nc o s tsr o u g h lyh a lf
th ep r ic e p e rs q u a re m e tre
o f b r ic k . T h e d ryM o n g o lia n
c lim a te
m eans
th a tth e
m a te ria lsd o n o t ro te a s ily ,
a n d
s tra w
is
a ne x c e lle n t
in s u la to r .
"W ithp ro p e r c o n s tru c -
tio n
& nd
m a in te n a n c e ,a
s tra w -b a leh o u s e
w illla s t
u p
t o
8 0
y e a r*,"T s e n d
c la im s .
A t
th e

B io c o m b in a t c lin ic2 7 tr a in e e s , m a n yo f th e m

w om en, a reg o in g
th ro u g h
th re ew eeks
o f
in te n s iv e
tra in in g .T ra v e l
fro m
th e ifhom e
a im a g s
a n d tra in in ga llo w a n c e sa re
p ro v id e db y th eM o n g o lia n
A c tio nP r o g r a m m e 's p ilo t-
p ro je c tfu n d . A fte rw ritte n
ym i
o ra lte s ts ,
s tu d e n ts
r e c e iv e
c e r tific a tio n
a s
(e & c h e rs ,te c h n ic ia n s
o r
w o rk e rs .
T h ep r o je c t is p r o v id in g
tra in in g
fo r
s ix -p e rs o n
c re w s "Irtjm "th r*e ~ e
a im a g s ,"
(S e en e x tp a g e )
3 5
U BP o st
2 5 -1 1 -9 7
C h e apa n de n e rg y e ffic ie n t:
C re w
m e m b e rsin c lu d ea
c a r tifie de n g in e e ra n d t e c h -
n ic ia n ,tw o
c a rp e n te rs ,a
r
a s te re r
a n d
a
m e ta l
w o rk e r.
T h e c lin icu s e s a s ta n d -
a rd
c o n c re te
fo u n d a tio n
a n aflo o r,th e
la te r
b u ilt
a to p
as tra w -g ra v e l
b e d .
T h ew a llsa n d .ro o f a rea ls o
m u ta te d
w iths tra w .T h e
w a llsa rem udded
a t
tw ic eb e fo r e re c e iv in g
ic o a to f p a in t.
C o n s tru c tio nb e g a n
in
A u g u s to n another straw
[> flo tp ro je c ta t
Am -
, inU la a n b a a ta r'se a s t
.W o rkw as c o m p le te d
to y 3 0w o rk e r-tra in e e s .T h is
tw o -s to re y ,
1 6 8 -s q u a re -
\u2022\u2022c res tru c tu rew as b u ilta t
c o c to f U .S . $ 1 8 ,0 0 0 .
T h eb u ild in gf tA m g a la n
fin is h e d .S o o nth e
t w iH b e handed over to
M o n g o lia n
F e d e ra tio n
th e r e 'sb e e na lo t o f h u ffa n d
o fW om en. T h e F e d e ra tio n
in te n d s tos ta rt aW o m e n 's
D e v e lo p m e n t C e n tre , p ro -
v id in g
fre e
h e a lth c a re
s e r v ic e s , s k ills tr a in in ga n d
a
te m p o ra ry
s h e lte r
fo r
b a tte re dw om en.
T h ep la nis to
s u rro u n d
th eb u ild in g
w ithg a rd e n s
fo r
fo o d
a n dtra d itio n a l
m e d ic in a lh e r b s .
B a c ka t th ec lin ic , O y -
u n c h im e g
is
b u s y
d is -
c u s s in gb u ild in g te c h n iq u e s
w ithc a rp e n te rsa n dp la s -
.te re rs .F o r th e
la s t
tw o
m o n th s ,
s h e
h a s
b e e n
le a rn in gt o te a c h s tra w -b a le
c o n s tru c tio n
te c h n iq u e s .
" Ib e c a m e in te re s te d in
th iste c h n iq u ea fte r w a tc h -
in gate le v is io np ro g ra m m e
o nth isty p e
o fh o u s in g ,"
s h e s a y s ." I w a n te dt o le a rn
a b o u t itb y ta k in g th eth re e
w eeK
te a c h e r-tra in in g
c o u rs e ."
p u ffa b o u t s tr a w -b a le h o u s e s
N owO y u n c h im e g
p la n s
to
re tu rn
hom e
to
S u kh-
b a a ta r
a im a g
in
e a s te rn
M o n g o lia
a n d
" lo o k
fo r
p o s s ib ilitie s
o f
p riv a te ,
h o u s in gc o n s tru c tio n in the
c o u n try s id e ."S heb e lie v e s
dem and
w illb eh ig h a n d
th ro u g h
h e rc o m p a n y 's
e ffo rtss h ein te n d s tob u ild
tw o
o r th re eh o u s e s .
T s e n d , to o ,
h a sh ig h
h o p e s
fo r
th e
fu tu re
o f
s tra w -b a lec o n s tru c tio n .I n
1 9 9 8 ,
w ith
th e
c o -
o p e ra tio n
o fA .D .R .A , 1 0
p ro je c tsw illb ec o m p le te d
inn in e a im a g s . A n dT s e n d
isw o r k in g
w ithth eA s ia n

D e v e lo p m e n t B a n ka n d th e p riv a te s e c to rto g e t m o re th a n7 0 m o rep ro je c tso ff

th eg ro u n d
in to
th e
n e x t
c e n tu ry .M any
o f
th e s e
p ro je c tsw illfe a tu re
s o la r
h o t-a irc o lle c tio na n d b a s ic
g re e n h o u s e
te c h n o lo g y .
la te ly .
M any
w illa ls o
p r o v id e
m u c h -n e e d e de m p lo y m e n t.
W o u ld
a
s tra w
b a le
h o u s ebe a c h e a p e r c h o ic e
th a n
th e
c la s s ic
g e r?A
b a s icg e r c o s tsb e tw e e nT g
7 5 0 ,0 0 0and Tg 1 m illio n ,
w h ileas im ila rs iz e d s t r a w -
b a le
s tru c tu re
w o u ldb e
v a lu e d
a t
a ro u n d
T g
2
m illio n .B u t th e
lo n g -te rm
a d v a n ta g e so f e n e rg y s a v -
in g sa n d e x tra ro o m sm ig h t
m aketh es tra w -b a le a m ore
a p p e a lin gc h o ic et o s o m e ,
e s p e c ia lly
t o
y o u n g
fa m ilie s .
It w ill p ro b a b ly b e alo n g
tim e
b e fo re
M o n g o lia n s
g iv e

u pth e irtra d itio n a l m o b ilefo rm 'o fh o u s in g .I n th e

m e a n tim e ,fo r
th o s e
b u ild in g
w ith
w ooda n d
b r ic k ,a ne n e rg y
e ffic ie n t
a lte rn a tiv ei sb e in gdem on-
s tra te dinU la a n b a a ta r a n d
fiv e a im a g s.

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