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Puyallup Tribal Fisheries 2008-2009 Annual Salmon, Steelhead, and Bull Trout Report (Main Body)

Puyallup Tribal Fisheries 2008-2009 Annual Salmon, Steelhead, and Bull Trout Report (Main Body)

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Published by: eoconnell on Jan 07, 2010
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10/05/2011

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 PPPPUUUUY  Y YA  A ALLLLLLLLUUUUPPPP TTTTRRRRIIIIBBBBA  A ALLLL FFFFIIIISSSSHHHHEEEERRRRIIIIEEEESSSS2222000000008888----2222000000009999 A  A ANNNNNNNNUUUUA  A ALLLL SSSSA  A ALLLLMMMMOOOONNNN,,,, SSSSTTTTEEEEEEEELLLLHHHHEEEEA  A ADDDD,,,, A  A ANNNNDDDD
 oise Creekoise Creekoise Creekoise Creek is a significant tribhite River, converging withRiver at RM 23.5, just upstreahighway 410 crosses the river north oBuckley. In contrast to most of the Plup/White River Watershed which fallPierce County, Boise Creek lies withiCounty, with much of the lower creeksouth within the city of Enumclaw. Tdrains an area of approximately 15.4headwaters locate in a well forested aGrass Mountain Range.Boise Creek has often proven to beductive tributary over the past severaspite its numerous impairments. A gthe lower 4.5 miles of the creek providhabitat for several anadromous and rcies including spring and Fall Chinoocoho, pink, sockeye, steelhead and cutSince 2003, chum spawning has becovalent in the lower 1.5 miles of the cregust of 2003, the city of Tacoma remoyear old concrete pipeline crossing loc23 on the White River. The concretestructure had long been suspected of imon and limiting upstream migrationswimmers like chum salmon. The remold concrete structure has resulted in
B
Chinook salmon
WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WWRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WWRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WWRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WBBBBUUUULLLLLLLL TTTTRRRROOOOUUUUTTTT RRRREEEEPPPPOOOORRRRTTTT 
tary to thehe Whitem of wherethe city of yal-s withinSouth Kingflowinge creeki
2
; with itsea of thehighly pro-years de-ood deal of es suitablesident spe- 
(top photo) 
,throat trout.e more pre-ek. In Au-ed its 99ted at RMnd rebarnjuring sal-of weakeroval of theincreasednumber of chum salmon be Creek. During the 2008 seserved in the lower 1.5 mile A 12-ft bedrock falls atextent of adult salmon and
(below) 
. Cutthroat and raiobserved above the falls; alavailable on the size or ran Above the falls the gradiensmall cascade/step-pool connel upstream of the falls, tounder highway 410, was al1930’s to accommodate forhighway. Upstream of 410through the old Weyerhausstill a large source of sedimFor approximately 0.2 milflows through a lower gradbordered by a dense secondspawning opportunities existretch. Spawning densitieten high within this sectionstream of the forested areaflowing for approximately 0course in the city of Enumcalongside this section is excbanks are merely rip-rapedtained turf grass, blackberrtrees.
 
Boise Cree
ITE RIVER WATERSHEDITE RIVER WATERSHEDITE RIVER WATERSHEDITE RIVER WATERSHED
 
PPPPaaaaggggeeee 1111
ng able to access Boiseson, 41 chum were ob-s of the creek.M 4.5 marks the uppersteelhead migrationbow trout have beenhough, no data ise of the population(s).increases becoming afiguration. The chan-where Boise crossesered back in the midhe construction of the, the creek passeser mill site which isentary input.s below the falls, Boiseent riffle-pool channelgrowth forest; severalt throughout thiss for all species are of-. Continuing down-is a low gradient reach.5 miles within the golf aw. The riparian zoneeptionally sparse; theand bordered by main-y, and small deciduous
falls (@260 cfs.).
 
 PPPPUUUUY  Y YA  A ALLLLLLLLUUUUPPPP TTTTRRRRIIIIBBBBA  A ALLLL FFFFIIIISSSSHHHHEEEERRRRIIIIEEEESSSS2222000000008888----2222000000009999 A  A ANNNNNNNNUUUUA  A ALLLL SSSSA  A ALLLLMMMMOOOONNNN,,,, SSSSTTTTEEEEEEEELLLLHHHHEEEEA  A ADDDD,,,, A  A ANNNNDDDD
 There is, however, a short section locathe golf course below RM 4.0 with anwood riparian zone. Spawning is notiduced throughout the entire reach of tflowing within the open range of the g
(bottom left photo) 
. Downstream frocourse, Boise Creek begins to flow thrdential and agricultural lands. Thisoped reach extends from approximatedown to RM 0.3; much of the stream astretch is incised to depths of 20 feet otensive tracts of land bordering BoiseRM 3.5 are primarily used for maintaand other livestock. Although spawning activity for necies occurs throughout the entire 4.5much as 65-70% of Chinook, coho, aning may occur above RM 2.2. From 1an average of 63.8%
(range 53.5%-83.
head spawned above RM 2.2. Duringseason, the first significant numbers omon were observed in Boise Creek, as
The upper Boise Creek channel within theThis photo was taken two days after the Ja
WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WWRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WWRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WWRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WBBBBUUUULLLLLLLL TTTTRRRROOOOUUUUTTTT RRRREEEEPPPPOOOORRRRTTTT 
ted withinntact hard-eably re-he creekolf coursethe golf ugh resi-ore devel-y RM 3.7long thisr more. Ex-Creek belowning cattlerly all spe-iles, aspink spawn-99 to 2007,
%) 
of steel-the 2005f chum sal-high as RM
2006) 
, that spawn in Boisegin Fall Chinook. This corrsampling studies of ChinooFord et al. (2004), showedfalls and 40% Spring Chinolower river
(below RM 24.3 
turns to Boise in 2005 anded. Estimate calculations pment at nearly 16,000 fish28,000 in 2007. Spawningspecies is considerably redmiles of the creek. The grashort stretch is steeper, thehigh sheer walls, and the smostly boulders and large cChinook, coho, and steelnerable to poaching and hastream. In addition, surrouse continues to impact chconditions. Other limitinginclude the loss of historic f side riparian, channel confiment, temperature and othas well as reduced LWD inLWD by land owners.Tremendous improvemestream channel conditionswilling land owners, techniing. Despite its many habiings, Boise Creek continueswild steelhead, a remarkabbasin-wide decline over the
g
 
olf course.nuary, 2009flood event.
Lower 4.5 miles of BoiseLower 4.5 miles of BoiseLower 4.5 miles of BoiseLower 4.5 miles of Boise
ITE RIVER WATERSHEDITE RIVER WATERSHEDITE RIVER WATERSHEDITE RIVER WATERSHED
 
PPPPaaaaggggeeee 2222
1.5. Boise hascontinued tosupport a largenumber of Chi-nook spawnersover the pastseveral seasons
(2000-2008) 
.Carcass sam-pling datashows that asignificantnumber of Chi-nook, as highas 64%
(in 
Creek are hatchery ori-esponds with DNA in the White River;n approximately 60%ok component in the. The pink salmon re-007 were unprecedent-ut the actual escape-n 2005, and almostpportunities for allced in the lower 0.3ient throughout thisbanks are confined bybstrate consists of obble.ead are especially vul-assment in this urbannding agricultural landnnel and water qualityfactors affecting Boiselood plain and stream-nement and realign-r water quality issues;uts and the removal of nts to riparian andre possible but requireal expertise and fund-at related shortcom-to support returns of e fact in light of thepast decade.
reekreekreekreek
 
WRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHEDWRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHEDWRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHEDWRIA 10: PUYALLUP/WHITE RIVER WATERSHED
 
PPPPUUUUY  Y YA  A ALLLLLLLLUUUUPPPP TTTTRRRRIIIIBBBBA  A ALLLL FFFFIIIISSSSHHHHEEEERRRRIIIIEEEESSSS2222000000008888----2222000000009999 A  A ANNNNNNNNUUUUA  A ALLLL SSSSA  A ALLLLMMMMOOOONNNN,,,, SSSSTTTTEEEEEEEELLLLHHHHEEEEA  A ADDDD,,,, A  A ANNNNDDDD BBBBUUUULLLLLLLL TTTTRRRROOOOUUUUTTTT RRRREEEEPPPPOOOORRRRTTTTPPPPaaaaggggeeee 3333
0501001502002503003504004508/27/089/5/089/15/089/24/0810/3/0810/14/0810/14/08
   N   U   M   B   E   R   O   B   S   E   R   V   E   D   N   U   M   B   E   R   O   B   S   E   R   V   E   D   N   U   M   B   E   R   O   B   S   E   R   V   E   D   N   U   M   B   E   R   O   B   S   E   R   V   E   D
DATE SURVEYEDDATE SURVEYEDDATE SURVEYEDDATE SURVEYED
2008 Boise Creek Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Counts and Run Timing2008 Boise Creek Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Counts and Run Timing2008 Boise Creek Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Counts and Run Timing2008 Boise Creek Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Counts and Run Timing
LIVELIVELIVELIVEDEADDEADDEADDEADREDDSREDDSREDDSREDDS
   8   1   1   5   0   3   5   1   1   5   3   4   1   8   9   2   1   5   3   1   5   1   0   0   3   4   4   9   0   3   4   4   0   7   3   2   2   2   6   6   3   3   3   5   2   8   1   7   0   6   3   1   1   4   6   1   4   7   1   6   0   7   0   2   2   9   6   1   7   2   2   1   5   5   2   2   0   5   4   4   0   2   4   7   5   1   5   5   4   4   1   0   3   0   6   7   1   0   0   2   7   5   8   3   1   8   8   9   2   6   1   3   2   3   2   5
01002003004005006007008009001,000199419951996199719981999200020012002200320042005200620072008
   N   U   M   B   E   R   O   B   S   E   R   V   E   D   N   U   M   B   E   R   O   B   S   E   R   V   E   D   N   U   M   B   E   R   O   B   S   E   R   V   E   D   N   U   M   B   E   R   O   B   S   E   R   V   E   D
SEASON SURVEYEDSEASON SURVEYEDSEASON SURVEYEDSEASON SURVEYED
Boise Creek Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Seasonal Comparisons (1994Boise Creek Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Seasonal Comparisons (1994Boise Creek Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Seasonal Comparisons (1994Boise Creek Chinook Salmon Spawning Ground Seasonal Comparisons (1994----2008)2008)2008)2008)
LIVELIVELIVELIVEDEADDEADDEADDEADREDDSREDDSREDDSREDDS

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