Who was Hasan al Banna?
, October 14, 1906 – February 12, 1949
His Islamic UpbringingThe Muslim Brotherhood(Ikhwan al Muslimeen) wasfounded by Hasan al-Banna(1906-1949) in the Egyptiantown of al- Isma'iliyyah in1928. The son of an Azharitescholar, who earned hislivelihood by repairingwatches, Hasan al-Bannashowed from his earlyschool-days an inclinationand great zeal for callingpeople to Islamic values andtraditions. His strong sense of religiosity and spiritualawareness drove him to jointhe Hasafiyyah tariqah, oneof many Sufi tariqahs thatwere widespread in Egypt at that time. Even though he was notformally associated with this tariqah after he founded the Ikhwan,he, nevertheless, maintained a good relation with it, as indeed withother Islamic organizations and religious personalities, andpersisted in reciting the litanies (awrad, pl. of wird) of this tariqahuntil his last days. Though Hasan al-Banna joined a modern-typeschool of education, he promised his father that he would continueto memorize the Qur'an, which he did, in fact later, at the age of twelve. While at school, he took part in the activities of somereligious associations and clubs which were promoting it
andcalling for the observance of Islamic teachings. He also formed, whilestill at school, an association for the enjoining of good and forbidding