SOAP & DETERGENTI)Definition of Soap
sodium or potassium salts of long-chain carboxylicacids
The general formula of a soap :
COO Na /
is an alkyl group which contain 12 to 18 carbon atoms.II)The history of soap manufacturing.
Solvay Process- Carbon dioxide ( obtained from heating CaCo ) is passed intoconcentrated NaCl solution which is saturated with ammonia . NaCl +NH +H O + CO – Na HCO +NH Cl- NaHCO is then heated to obtain soda.2NaHCO – Na CO +H O +CO .
Babyloniansmade soaparound 2800B.C.Purifying oils
is recorded on
Ash + Lime – Caustic potashCaustic Potash + fats – soapProcess of
from commonsalt is patented by Nicholas Leblane(French).
glass making ,soaps and detergent
.After 20 years,
( Belgian Chemist)developed Solvay process.
(French)discovered animal fats arecmposed of fatty acids andglycerol ( Causes rapiddevelopment of soap &candle.)Later on,
isused to replace animal fats.