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Connecting Renewable Generation with Active Network Management

Connecting Renewable Generation with Active Network Management

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Published by ian15moore
MSc dissertation reviewing and modelling the connection of a wind farm using Active Network Managemenent techniques. Note the pictures on the front are nothing to do with the work I did. It was desk based simulation work. The software is available free for educational use.
MSc dissertation reviewing and modelling the connection of a wind farm using Active Network Managemenent techniques. Note the pictures on the front are nothing to do with the work I did. It was desk based simulation work. The software is available free for educational use.

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Published by: ian15moore on Jan 07, 2010
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12/12/2013

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Connecting Renewable Generation with Active NetworkManagement
MSc Dissertation
Student : Ian Moore Heriot Watt UniversityDate : May-August 2008Course : Renewable Energy and Distributed GenerationSupervisors :Keith Brown – Heriot Watt UniversityDr. Gareth Harrison & Dr Luis Ochoa – Edinburgh University Institute of Energy Systems
Declaration
 I the undersigned, Ian Moore, confirm that this work submitted for assessment is my own and isexpressed in my own words. Any uses made within it of other authors in any form e.g. ideas,equations, figures, text, tables, programs etc are properly acknowledged. A list of referencesemployed is included.
 
Abstract
This report describes the evaluation of Active Network Management (ANM) applied to connection of renewable energy sources on the electricity distribution network. ANM is a broad subject area buttypically implements local measurement and control methods on what has traditionally been a passivelyoperated distribution network. A key driver for the development of ANM is to help facilitate increasedconnection of Distributed Generation (DG) to meet renewable energy generation targets.The project consisted of three basic phases being review of research, comparison of solutions and lastlysimulation of a case study.The area of research of ANM was found very active varying from individual power system componenttechnologies such as intelligent generator exciter controls to system wide solutions using advancedcomputer science such as Multiple Agent Systems (MAS).Basic DG connection problems were reviewed and consideration of three technology solutions to tacklethe important and common problem of voltage rise were detailed. Circuit theory illustrated voltage rise tocontrol by both real and reactive power.For the simulation phase an educational version of the PowerWorld simulation software package and apreviously published case scenario were used. This verified the correct functioning of the PowerWorldsimulation setup and modelling. The case scenario looked at a classic problem of multiple feeders sharinga common substation busbar with a wind farm connected at the end of one of the feeders. Four ANMsolutions were applied to tackle the voltage rise problem. Real power curtailment, reduced power factoroperation, improved voltage control of the main transformer and addition of a voltage booster.Results showed that a trebling in connection capacity from 6 MW to 20 MW was achievable by using thevoltage booster applied in the line where the DG was present.Losses were analysed for all cases and a characteristic 'U' shape was seen at lower DG connectioncapacities breaking even at around 5 MW. Large incremental increases in network losses could occur butthese were not financially significant. Simple financial analysis showed a ROI of around 25% for up to 6MW DG capacity for all cases.A key aspect for all results was that curtailment resulted in a rapid reduction in revenue and return oninvestment. The voltage booster showed continued high financial performance up to the maximum 20 MWcapacity used in the case scenario.Caveats of using the simulation software included implementing 'Dummy' loads to model curtailment andalso close attention needed to be paid to circuit parameters and setup sensitivities.Review of industry reports revealed that many complexities existed in implementing ANM on the network.The use of PowerWorld to simulate DG connection with ANM in the project was thought to be innovativein its speed of development.Further work suggested includes investigation of simulation scripting and possible modelling of morecomplicated ANM solutions such Area Based Control.
 
Acknowledgements
I would like to thank the following people for their support on the project :-Keith Brown from Heriot Watt University for kindly offering to supervise the project and his advicethroughout the project.Dr. Gareth Harrison and Dr. Luis Ochoa from Edinburgh University Institute of Energy Systems forbeing the 'customers' of the project and their constant thorough technical reviews.Santiago Grijalda at PowerWorld support for general help and development of the curtailmentmethod.Predrag Djapic at Imperial College London for help in evaluating the UKGDS AMPT software.

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