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South Korea

South Korea

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Published by shashankbba
a presentations on the cultural, social and economic aspects of south korea
a presentations on the cultural, social and economic aspects of south korea

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Published by: shashankbba on Jan 07, 2010
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05/23/2013

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Introduction
An independent Korean state or collection of states has existed almost continuously for several millennia. Between its initial unification in the 7th century - from threepredecessor Korean states - until the 20th century, Korea existed as a singleindependent country. In 1905, following the Russo-Japanese War, Korea became aprotectorate of imperial Japan, and in 1910 it was annexed as a colony. Korea regainedits independence following Japan's surrender to the United States in 1945. After WorldWar II, a Republic of Korea (ROK) was set up in the southern half of the KoreanPeninsula while a Communist-style government was installed in the north (the DPRK).During the Korean War (1950-53), US troops and UN forces fought alongside soldiersfrom the ROK to defend South Korea from DPRK attacks supported by China and theSoviet Union. An armistice was signed in 1953, splitting the peninsula along ademilitarized zone at about the 38th parallel. Thereafter, South Korea achieved rapideconomic growth with per capita income rising to roughly 14 times the level of NorthKorea. In 1993, KIM Young-sam became South Korea's first civilian president following32 years of military rule. South Korea today is a fully functioning modern democracy. InJune 2000, a historic first North-South summit took place between the South's PresidentKIM Dae-jung and the North's leader KIM Jong Il. In October 2007, a second North-South summit took place between the South's President ROH Moo-hyun and the NorthKorean leader. Harsh rhetoric and unwillingness by North Korea to engage withPresident LEE Myung-bak following his February 2008 inauguration has strained inter-Korean relations.
Geography
Eastern Asia, southern half of the Korean Peninsula bordering the Sea of Japan and theYellow Sea
37 00 N, 127 30 E
Area:total:
99,720 sq km
country comparison to the world:
 
land:
96,920 sq km
water:
2,800 sq km
slightly larger than Indiana
 
238 km
border countries:
North Korea 238 km
2,413 km
Maritime claims:territorial sea:
12 nm; between 3 nm and 12 nm in the Korea Strait
contiguous zone:
24 nm
exclusive economic zone:
200 nm
continental shelf:
not specified
temperate, with rainfall heavier in summer than winter 
mostly hills and mountains; wide coastal plains in west and south
Elevation extremes:lowest point:
Sea of Japan 0 m
highest point:
Halla-san 1,950 m
coal, tungsten, graphite, molybdenum, lead, hydropower potential
Land use :arable land:
16.58%
permanent crops:
2.01%
other:
81.41% (2005)
8,780 sq km (2003)
69.7 cu km (1999)
 
total:
18.59 cu km/yr (36%/16%/48%)
per capita:
389 cu m/yr (2000)
occasional typhoons bring high winds and floods; low-level seismic activity common insouthwest
air pollution in large cities; acid rain; water pollution from the discharge of sewage andindustrial effluents; drift net fishing
Antarctic-Environmental Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living Resources,Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol,Desertification, Endangered Species, Environmental Modification, Hazardous Wastes,Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, TropicalTimber 83, Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands, Whaling
signed, but not ratified:
none of the selected agreements
strategic location on Korea Strait
48,508,972 (July 2009 est.)
country comparison to the world:
 
Age structure:0-14 years:
16.8% (male 4,278,581/female 3,887,516)
15-64 years:
72.3% (male 17,897,053/female 17,196,840)
65 years and over:
10.8% (male 2,104,589/female 3,144,393) (2009 est.)
Median age:total:
37.3 years
male:
36 years
female:
38.5 years (2009 est.)
0.266% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world:
 

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