Nonlinear processes have been applied to signals propagating in the anomalousdispersion regime of silica optical fibres, to investigate the generation andamplification of solitons. Amplification is of vital importance to the transmission of solitons in an all optical communications system, and soliton evolution in the presenceof relatively high gain in the adiabatic regime has been investigated. In particular, theamplification of noise, modulational instability and CW radiation has been shown to produce femtosecond soliton structures, which in some cases may be useful. In others,it may lead to the evolution of error pulses.A number of sources have been constructed based on fibre oscillators, withgain provided by Raman or Erbium doped fibre amplification. The sources havevarious applications for soliton investigations, operating from 1.0 to 1.6
m. Usingthese sources, amplification in doped fibres has been investigated in the picosecondand femtosecond regime.The process of modulational instability has been exploited to produce sourcesof fixed or tunable repetition rate (THz) soliton-like pulses. These ultra-high repetitionrate trains may be of importance for use as control signals in multiplexing circuits or routing switches. The process has been induced through cross phase modulation andthrough a four wave mixing interaction. Cross phase modulation has been used to produce soliton-like pulse shaping in a laser diode signal of sub-fundamental soliton power.Seeding of the Raman soliton continuum process by a CW signal has beenshown to fix the wavelength of the scattered radiation, producing a source of fundamental solitons tunable across the Raman gain band.