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AP US History - Timeline - The Presidents

AP US History - Timeline - The Presidents

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Published by Aeronautix
A chronological list of the presidents and what they did in their years of service. Also includes a brief timeline on the history of pre-colonial America.
A chronological list of the presidents and what they did in their years of service. Also includes a brief timeline on the history of pre-colonial America.

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Published by: Aeronautix on Jan 08, 2010
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Copyright © 2008-2009 Wesley Lee. All rights reserved.
1492 – Christopher Columbus discovers the Americas1651 – Navigation Ordinance banned all imports coming from outside of Europe to Britain & it specifically targeted theDutch who were competitive1660 – Navigation Act of 1660 stipulated that enumerated products could only go to England with three quarters of crewcomplements English1730s-1740s – The First Great Awakening1763 – The Proclamation of 1763 prohibited white settlers to advance over the Appalachians into Native Americanterritories1764 – 
Sugar Act
, the first of British taxes1765 – 
Stamp Act of 1765
-> required that many printed materials in the colonies carry a tax stamp. The purpose of the taxwas to help pay for troops stationed in North America following the British victory in the Seven Years' War.1766 – Townshend Acts, the British Parliament repealed most of the taxes, but tax on tea was retained, leading to BostonTea Party, “Taxation without representation”1773 – Tea Act causes Boston Tea Party, catalyst for American Revolutionary War 1774 – Intolerable Acts are created, First Continental Congress assembles in response to the Intolerable Acts1775-1783 – 
American Revolutionary War
July 4, 1776 – 
Declaration of Independence
ratified, Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense,1777 – Second Continental Congress convenes to discuss the
Articles of Confederation
, the constitution of therevolutionary wartime alliance of the thirteen colonies. The Articles' ratification was completed in 1781. The confederationwas capable of making war, negotiating diplomatic agreements, and resolving issues regarding the western territories, wherethe states retained sovereignty over all governmental functions not specifically relinquished to the central government.1781 – Congress of the Confederation formed (to 1789)1783 – 
American Revolutionary War
ends1786 – Charles Pinckney of South Carolina proposes revision of Articles of Confederation, James Madison writes up theConstitution,
Shays' Rebellion
– poor western Massachusetts farmers against unsympathetic government attacked thecourts through uprising,1787 – 
Northwest Ordinance
was the only meaningful thing to come out of Articles of Confederation creating the Northwest Territory1788 – The US Constitution replaces the Articles of ConfederationGeorge Washington – 1789 – Led the Continental Army to victory in the American Revolutionary War (1775-1783), acapable influential prominent leader, Farewell Address – a warning about the danger of political factions and don't let thenation get into foreign entanglements, Bill of Rights is ratified (1791), Jay's Treaty (1794) appeases British but angersFrench, Judiciary Act (1789) establishes Supreme Court, First Bank of the Untied States (1791) created by Alexander Hamilton, Coinage Act (1972) creates US Mint,
John Adams – 1797 – XYZ Affair (1798) were mainly bribes wanted by the French which led to the Quasi-War betweenAmerica and France which was sparked by French contempt for America's Jay's Treaty, Jeffersonians (Republicans) vs.Federalists on how much power the government should have, a Federalist, Abigail Adams supports more independence for women, When Adams became President, the war between the French and British was causing great difficulties for theUnited States on the high seas and intense partisanship among contending factions within the Nation, Hamiltonian full furyagainst Adams, Alien and Sedition Acts (1798) are passed as attempts to censure Jeffersonians, declares independence fromHamiltonian wing of the Federalist Party (1799) and negotiates a peace with French commerce, Alien and Sedition Acts(1898) were Federalists' schemes to unconstitutionally stop seditious attacks upon the government during the Quasi-War which was an undeclared naval war with France,Thomas Jefferson – 1801 – The man by the Constitution, doubled the nation's size through Louisiana Purchase for $15million from Napoleon after he lost in Haitian Revolution (1803), dealt with Barbary pirates in the Barbary War, drafted theDeclaration of Independence (1776), saw the emergence of the Democrat-Republicans and the demise of the Federalists.James Madison – 1809 – War of 1812 with British-failed invasion of Washington due to “chance hurricane”, HartfordConvention (1814-1815) disgraces Federalists because they ridiculed handling of the War of 1812, Second Bank of theUnited States (1816) is created five years after the First Bank was dismantled,James Monroe – 1817 – Issued the Monroe Doctrine (1823) - further efforts by European governments to colonize land or interfere with states in the Americas would be viewed by the United States of America as acts of aggression,John Quincy Adams – 1825 – son of John Adams & Abigail Adams, leading opponent of the slave power, developed theAmerican System - consisting of a high tariff to support internal improvements such as road-building & a national bank toencourage productive enterprise and form a national currency, modernization that included roads & canals & a nationaluniversity & education, refusal, on principle, to replace members of his administration who supported Jackson (on thegrounds that no one should be removed from office except for incompetence), Tariff of Abominations (1828) tax onimported goods. The South, however, was harmed by having to pay higher prices on goods the region did not produce. Byreducing the importation of British goods, it also made it difficult for the British to pay for the cotton they imported fromthe South, established relations of reciprocity between US and European nations,Andrew Jackson – 1829 – start of spoils system unlike John Q. Adam's administration, Indian Removal Act of 1830relocated Native Americans “5 Civilized Tribes” westward to Indian (Oklahoman) Territory, Nullification Crisis (1832)sparked by South Carolina's disgust with Tariff of 1828 hurting their businesses with Europe, Jackson did away with theSecond Bank of the US & Nicholas Biddle, Specie Circular (1836) required payment for government land to be in gold andsilver and led to Panic of 1837 for Martin Van Buren, Bank War (1832)Martin Van Buren – 1837 – Opium War (1839) British vs. China, Panic of 1837 created by Jackson's stresses on speciecircular,William Henry Harrison – 1841 – Died a month after presidency, results in a brief constitutional crisis but resolvesquestions pertaining to presidential succession
John Tyler – 1841 – “Tyler and Texas”, helped to annex Texas after the Texan Revolution (1845),James K. Polk – 1845 – An advocate for American expansionism, formally annexed Texas, led the nation into the Mexican-American War (1846-1848), Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) led to Mexican Cession of California Nevada Utah for $15 million, Wilmot Proviso does not pass -> prevent the introduction of slavery in any territory acquired from Mexico,Free Soil party emerges (1848-1852) trying to oppose expansion of slavery into western territories but is later consumed bythe newly formed Republican Party in 1854, Mormon migration to Utah (1847-1869), Seneca Falls Convention (1848),Zachary Taylor – 1849 – a capable general with a 40-year military career in the U.S. Army, served in War of 1812, Black Hawk War (1832), and Second Seminole War [or Florida War] against Native American Seminoles (1835-1842), famous for leading U.S. troops to victory at several critical battles of the Mexican–American War, Southern slaveholder who opposedthe spread of slavery to the territories, uninterested in politics but recruited by the Whig Party as their nominee in 1848 presidential election, urged settlers in New Mexico and California to bypass territorial stage and draft constitutions for statehood [leading to Compromise of 1850], dies 16 months into his term of acute gastroenteritis,Millard Fillmore – 1850 – The Compromise of 1850 by Henry Clay -> [resolved territorial and slavery controversies arisingfrom the Mexican-American War, slave trade terminated in DC, requirement for the return of runaway slaves strengthened – Fugitive Slave Act strengthened, California free state],Franklin Pierce – 1853 – Gadsden Purchase (1853) purchased Arizona and New Mexico for $10 million, Kansas-NebraskaAct of 1854 -> [created the territories of Kansas and Nebraska, opened new lands, repealed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, and allowed settlers in those territories to determine if they would allow slavery within their boundaries causingRepublicans to get angered because of its conciliation towards Southern pro-slavery interests],James Buchanan – 1857 – Bleeding Kansas (1855-1861) – pro-slavery vs anti-slavery in Kansas, Senator Stephen A.Douglas for popular sovereignty, (1857) Dred Scott v Sandford denies African Americans of rights of citizenship and statesthey are slaves of servitude, John Brown's raid on Harpers Ferry (1859) was an armed slave revolt led by John Brown inVirginia & John Brown became martyr,Abraham Lincoln – 1861 – Secession of South & Fort Sumter in South Carolina, Cotton manufacture moved westward, Ledthe nation through the American Civil War (1861-1865), preserving the Union and ending slavery, radical Republicanscriticized him for being too slow in abolishing slavery, Gettysburg Address (1863), moderate and gradual Reconstruction, battled Stephen Douglas and his “popular sovereignty” ideas, Emancipation Proclamation (1862), Radical Republicans(~1864) controlled Congress and demanded more aggressive action against slavery, Copperheads were Democrats whowanted an immediate peace settlement with the Confederates - opposing the war favoring the Union and blamingabolitionists and blaming the president, Homestead Act (1862)Andrew Johnson – 1865 – Impeachment by Congress because he wanted to radically and swiftly bring about the restorationof the South and because of his conciliatory policies towards the South, Purchase of Alaska (Seward's Folly, 1867),Burlingame Treaty (1868) established friendly trade + emigration relations with China, scalawags were southern whites whosupported Reconstruction following the Civil War, KKK (1865) is formed -> terrorism, violence, and lynching to intimidate,murder, and oppress African Americans, Jews and other minorities, carpetbaggers were northerners who moved to the Southduring the Reconstruction era to “plunder” and presumably control the South,

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Great timeline! It's been really useful in studying for my midterms.
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