maturity in their activities. It does not take much torealise that there are forces existing in our midst-theCommunist agents, the secret societies, the communalextremists-who are out to disrupt our way of life fortheir own ends.
was deeply saddened, therefore, to see the turn ofevents preceding the last General Elections. All thedestructive forces were out: candidates courting supporton racial lines with reckless abandon; Communistagents in the Labour Party turning a funeral into anarrogant Maoist slogan-shouting demonstration; andsecret society members working with quiet but deadlyefficiency in generating fear, inciting racial feelings anddistributing weapons. These three ingredients made anexplosive combination, and the Government sought toseparate them and did everything possible to avertbloodshed.During the campaign a number of Oppositioncandidates attacked the Constitution in racialist terms.They twisted and misrepresented certain provisions inthe Constitution, principally Articles
Theyagitated for the removal of Article
which providessafeguards for the special position of the Malays. Thiscaused grave misapprehensions among the Malays.Malay extremist candidates, on the other hand.campaigned on the most far-out and impracticableproposals--of having a purely Malay Government-ignoring the multi-racial realities
our society andthereby caused much worry among the non-Malays.The General Elections went
smoothly and theGovernment was returned with
comfortable majority.The Opposition parties were returned with
few addi-tional seats. This unexpected success on their partunfortunately made some of them lose all sense ofproporticm, and their members and supporters wenton a rampage of insults and obscenities. What startedas political activity was allowed to deteriorate intorace-bai ing.This Report lays out the facts on the disturbanceswhich broke out on May
It outlines the historicalbackground of the mood of the people on that day;it relates the day of tragedy and the role played by theArmed Forces and the Police in quelling the distur-bances and returning the country under the
controlof the Government; and, finally, it points to the direc-tion that the Nation should take.The lesson of the recent disturbances is clear. ThisNation cannot afford to perpetuate a system that per-mits anybody to say or do things which would setone race against another.
are not to occur again,
to survive,we must make sure that subjects which are likely toengender racial tensions are not exploited by irres-ponsible opportunists. We can only guarantee
byplacing such subjects beyond the reach of racedemagogues, the Cmunists and other subversives.We need, therefore, to construct a political frameworkwhich is realistic and takes full account of the social