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hydrochloride salt diacetylmorphine hydrochloride, though often adulterated thus dulling the sheen and consistency from that to a matte white powder, which however heroin freebase
a recreational drug and has an extremely high potential for
abuse. Frequent and regular administration is associated with
tolerance, moderate physical dependence, and severe
psychological dependence which develops into addiction.
of the Single Convention on Narcotic Drugs. It is illegal to
manufacture, possess, or sell diacetylmorphine without a
licence in Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Iran, India, the
Netherlands, the United States, Australia, Canada, Ireland,
Pakistan, the United Kingdom and Swaziland.
Under the name diamorphine, it is a legally prescribed
controlled drug in the United Kingdom. It is available for
prescription to long-term users in the Netherlands, the United
Kingdom, Switzerland, Germany and Denmark alongside
4 Usage and effects
4.1 Medical use
4.2 Recreational use
7 Production and trafficking: The Golden Triangle
7.2 History of heroin traffic
3\u20135 min (IV, inhaled)
12 Popular culture
12.2 Musicians who have used heroin, or
written about heroin use
16 External links
"heroic" effects upon a user. However, it was chiefly
developed as a morphine substitute for the coughs that did not
have its addictive side-effects. Morphine at the time was a
popular, but addictive recreational drug, so Bayer wanted to
find a similar, but non-addictive substitute to market. However, contrary to Bayer's advertising as a
"non-addictive morphine substitute," heroin would soon have one of the highest rates of dependence amongst its
Mesopotamia as long ago as 3400 BC.Th e
chemical analysis of opium in the 19th century
revealed that most of its activity could be
ascribed to two alkaloids, codeine and
Diacetylmorphine was first synthesized in
1874 by C. R. Alder Wright, an English
chemist working at St. Mary's Hospital
experimenting with combining morphine with various acids. He boiled anhydrous morphine alkaloid with acetic anhydride for several
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