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History of English Literature

History of English Literature

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Published by Qaisar Iqbal Janjua

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Published by: Qaisar Iqbal Janjua on Jan 08, 2010
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ALLAME TABATABAIE UNIVERSITYA SURVEY OF HISTORY OF ENGLISH LITERATURE(1)DR. NIK-KHOOBAHMAN 1385M.K IMANI
 
1
 
Old English Literature 
. 600 AD – 1065 (Started in 6
th
and7
th
century)
Medieval Period 1066-1450/1485/1500The Renaissance 1450/1485/1500- 1660 Neo-Classical 1660 – 1798
 
Restoration
 
Augustan
 
Age of sensibilityThe Romantic Period 1789 – 1832Victorian 1832-1901Modern 1901- 1939/1945Post Modern 1939/ 1945 – Present _____________________________________________________________________ Celts were the first people who lived in England. Then Romans occupied England.After that Anglo-Saxons (Angels, Saxons and Jutes) came to England and Celts wentto Ireland, Scotland, Wales and Cornwall.
Romans
 
Romans
Celts Anglo-Saxons Celts went to Ireland, Scotland, Cornwall, andWales
AnglesSaxonsJutes
Celts 
1.
 
They were two tribes of Gaels and Britons2.
 
They entered England in 6
th
century BC3.
 
Their religion was Druidism4.
 
They had Mediterranean culture.5.
 
They Believed in Hierarchy of Gods and made human sacrifices6.
 
They believed in trans-migration of souls.7.
 
They had different classes of society8.
 
They came from Austria and Switzerland9.
 
They were converted into Christianity by Romans10.
 
They had oral literature.2
 
Main features of Old English 
OralPessimistic and dark, mainly elegies.AnonymousThemes of war, warriors, complaint, love, courage, struggling, together with pensivemood.Fate is very important.In 54 and 55 BC, Caesar started occupying England. From 53-54 AD England becamethe colony of Rome.In 401 to 410 AD the Roman withdrew from England in order to protect Rome fromBarbarian attacks (approx for 500 years).They converted British into ChristiansThey built LondonThey made Canterbury the seat of Roman church.One day Pope Gregory saw a group of boys playing. He asked who are they and theysaid they are Angels. He said no, they are Angles. So he sent
St Augustine
to convertthem in 597 BC.In 447 AD (1550 years ago), Angles came to England and then Jutes and then Saxons.England = Angel land.Their culture was Tutanic (Germanic). They were farmers, seaman and sea pirates.Their religion was polytheism.Their Gods= Woden, Thore, Tiu, SaturnThe most important God was Fate, WirdAnglo-Saxons started 7 empires called heptarchy:SussexWessexEssexKentMerciaEast Anglia NorthumbriaAnglo-Saxons were cold, reserved and pessimistic and believed in Fate. They had oralliterature. Their language was inflectional (conjugated).Their language had only 30000 words.Their language relied on kennings (condensed metaphors). For example they referredto sun as world candle and referred to sea as monster’s home. They called prince aring giver.Their language was harsh which is due to climate.3

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