believing illegitimate sporting performances? Well, find out by reading the followingeye-opening article.
hen Ron asked if I would be willing to write a guest post for Cozy Beehive, I readilyaccepted, thinking I’d be able to oblige within a few days. It’s funny how life throws curve-balls, because it’s been a lot longer than that since I promised the piece, and
drugscandals have hit cycling during the interim. The topic is but a general overview of some of theways by which riders attempt to defeat anti-doping controls – a course of study that should have been read by
(at least according to their A-sample results).The counter-measures an athlete will deploy in hopes of beating a doping control are all drawnfrom the same bag of dirty tricks, though the specific tactic ultimately depends on which doping product the athlete has ingested and where he can find a possible weakness in the testing protocol.
I. SPIKING WITH ENZYMES
Axelsson is accused of taking
. About the time of
, however, riders were defeating the urine-based EPO test by spiking their samples with small doses of enzymes like
, which break down proteins — includingEPO — in urine in the space of a few minutes.Typically an athlete would conceal a supply of protease powder in his jersey before a test,transfer it to his fingers with a quick movement and then urinate over his hand into the sample bottle to ensure that the test is meaningless. Alternatively, once doping control officers (DCO’s) began to insist that the athletes wash their hands first, male athletes switched to secreting the powder under their foreskin and transferred it that way.
II. ILLEGAL POWDERS
A more sophisticated method was used in Spain, where, according to an acquaintance of minewho rode for Kelme during the Fuentes years,
was their preferred tactic.
Manzano : "There is a red powder that's made in an illegal lab just for them outside of any controls which destroys the urine sample. This powder comes in the form of a grainof rice that we put into our penis before we pee…”III. EPO MICRO-DOSING
Given that the
is now wise to this subterfuge and has instructed its DCO’s to be on thelookout for it, the best bet that a rider has for beating an EPO control is to micro-dose. EPO,typically produced from cultured animal cells, is detectable in urine for less than a week. A