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Persuasive Speech Outline

Persuasive Speech Outline

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Published by: missglaceon on Jan 09, 2010
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01/16/2013

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Michele BeamCTAC 124Professor SmithPersuasive SpeechI. IntroductionA.Brett Favre, Rush Limbaugh, Elvis Presley, and Michael Jackson. What dothey have in common? They were all addicted to prescription drugs at onetime. You don’t have to answer this, but how many of you knew someonefrom high school who abused painkillers or prescription drugs? I did, andI’m sure everyone here knows at least one person who did.B.Topic Statement: Prescription drug abuse, especially the abuse of painkillers, is an issue that is all-too-prevalent today, as our nationbecomes more and more dependent on medication.C.Credibility Statement: Through my studies of data and statistics byvarious branches of the U.S. Dept. of Health and Human Services, I havecome to more deeply understand this epidemic that is sweeping ournation. Not only have I analyzed numerical data, I have also investigatedmany stories about the pros and cons of prescription drugs, and aboutcases where these drugs were abused.D.Main Points: I firmly believe that Americans are becoming overly reliant onpharmaceutical drugs, to the point of abusing them. I’m going to sharewith you a variety of statistics, what they mean, and reasons whyprescription drugs should be avoided.II. BodyA.Basic Facts1.Painkillers are the kind of prescription drug that are most commonlyabused. The most popular drugs are codeine, Vicodin, OxyContin, andDemerol.2.Other medications include Valium, Xanax, Dexadrine, Ritalin, andAdderall, to name a few.A.Statistics1.According to the Drug Enforcement Administration, 7 million Americansabused prescription drugs in 2006. In 2008, this number grew to 15.2million. This is nearly a 50% increase in a two year period.2.The trend of taking painkillers for nonmedical purposes is increasingmost in the 18-26 age and the 26 and older groups, which is where wefit.3.Among children aged 12-17, almost 12% of the population surveyedsaid they had used prescription drugs for nonmedical purposes.4.Talking more specifically about painkillers, Opiod painkillers, likeVicodin, OxyContin, and Demerol cause more drug overdoses thanheroin and cocaine combined. The abuse of painkillers represents 3/4of all prescription drug abuse.5.About one quarter of all drug-related hospital visits were caused byoverdoses on prescription drugs.6.Even more shocking, 40% of people believe that prescriptionmedications are safer to use than illegal drugs. 31% agreed that it wasacceptable to use medical drugs for nonmedical purposes occasionally.
 
7.These numbers prove that the abuse of prescription drugs is a rapidlygrowing trend in our country and as the younger generation’s drug of choice. This epidemic must be stopped, for many reasons.A.Reasons to avoid taking prescription medication1.Many people disagree with my choice to not partake of pharmaceuticaldrugs, but I have a variety of reasons why I chose this path.2.First of all, these drugs have a wide array of undesirable side-effects.
a.
 The side-effects of OxyContin, verified by the FDA include:nausea, vomiting, constipation, loss of appetite; dizziness,headache, tired feeling; dry mouth; sweating; itching; shallowbreathing, slow heartbeat; seizure (convulsions); cold, clammyskin; confusion; severe weakness or dizziness; or feeling light-headed, fainting.b.The side-effects of Vicodin, verified by the FDA, include: feelinganxious, dizzy, or drowsy; mild nausea, vomiting, upsetstomach, constipation; headache, mood changes; blurred vision;ringing in your ears; or dry mouth; shallow breathing, slowheartbeat; feeling light-headed, fainting; confusion, fear,unusual thoughts or behavior; seizure (convulsions); problemswith urination; or nausea, stomach pain, loss of appetite, itching,dark urine, clay-colored stools, jaundice (yellowing of the skin oreyes).c.The side-effects of Valium, verified by the FDA include:drowsiness, tired feeling; dizziness, spinning sensation; blurredvision; sleep problems (insomnia), nightmares; muscleweakness, lack of balance or coordination; slurred speech;nausea, vomiting, constipation; headache, memory problems;drooling or dry mouth; skin rash; loss of interest in sex;confusion, unusual thoughts or behavior; unusual risk-takingbehavior, decreased inhibitions, no fear of danger; depressedmood, thoughts of suicide or hurting yourself; hyperactivity,anxiety, agitation, hostility; double vision, hallucinations; weakor shallow breathing; feeling faint; muscle twitching, tremors;fever, chills, body aches, flu symptoms; jaundice (yellowing of the skin or eyes); or urinating less than usual or not at all.d.It doesn’t take a medical expert to see that the side-effectsgreatly outweigh the benefits of this drug. To me, all of thesecrazy side effects sound just like being under the influence of alcohol or illegal drugs like marijuana or cocaine.3.Most of these drugs are very easy to get addicted to, according to Dr.Aaron Filler, a Harvard graduate.a.You would be surprised at what kind of medications areconsidered “narcotic.” The list includes: codeine, aspirin, Tylenol, ibuprofen, Vicodin, Percocet, OxyContin, and severalmore that I’ve never heard of. These all have a moderate to highrisk for addiction, as they are all based on opium.

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