ELSEVIERNuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research B 103 (1995) 94-98
Beam Interactionswith Materials & Atoms
Construction of a charged particle irradiation chamber for the usewith plastic detectors
M.M. E1-Hawary, A. Hussein ~, A. E1-Rahmany, A.A. Ammar, A.R. E1-Sersy
Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Monoufia University, Shebin El-koam, Egypt
Received 9 January 1995; revised form received 6 April 1995AbstractA simple sensitive charged particle irradiation chamber was designed and constructed in our laboratory. A circularrotating table with six detector holders, is contained in the chamber. The rotation is controlled electronically via a steppermotor with a precision of 1.8°. The beam-to-detector direction is changeable with an angle less than 5°. An alpha source isallowed to move vertically using another stepper motor. The source-to-detecior distance is determined with an accuracybetter than 1.0 mm. An energy monitoring system, composed of a silicon surface barrier detector and a signal electronicsystem attached to a PC is used for energy calibration. Chamber characterization and its application in nuclear trackregistration are studied under different conditions. The energy resolution of CR-39 plastic detector has been obtained atvarious alpha energies and etching durations. Results showed that good detector resolution could be achieved at high etchingduration.
An increasing number of papers have dealt with the useof solid state materials [1-4] in radiation measurements.The induced effects in such materials are the principle toolfor such investigations. These effects are strongly depen-dent on the internal structure of the absorber (such asglasses, polymers and crystals) as well as on the kind andenergy of the incident radiation (such as gamma, neutrons,and charged particles).Different techniques of radiation measurements [5-9]have been employed and the track development in plasticfoils has been widely applicable in the field of radiationdosimetry. Plastic detectors attain many advantages overthe others; they have been successively used in heavycharged particle identification and detection with a widerange of energies. They have been used [10-14] in person-nel neutron dosimetry, radon level determination, uraniumand thorium estimation in rocks, water and plants, etc.The interaction of charged particles with plastic detec-tors results in track formation inside the materials. Severalinvestigators [15-17] have paid considerable importance tothe study of track parameters such as etching speeds,profiles and track range. This would lead to a precisedetermination of particle identification and detection. Inorder to make such measurements more accurate, particleenergy and incident angle should be precisely determined.The aim of the present work is to design and constructan irradiation chamber to be used in a variety of dosimetricapplications. It is designed in such a way that projectileenergy and incident angle are precisely controlled andaccurately measured.2.
Plastic sheets of CR-39 polycarbonate 500 ~m eachthick (TAS-TRACK, supplied by Bristol U.K.) were used.For alpha irradiation facility an 241Am thin source wasused. All plastic foils were etched chemically in 6.25 NNaOH at 70°C. The bulk etch rate, VB, was measuredusing the mass decrement method . Track diameterswere measured using an optical Olympus microscope at-tached to an eye piece micrometer with each division equalto 0.22 ~xm.
3. Results and discussion
3.1. Construction of the irradiation chamber
* Corresponding author.The design of the irradiation chamber depends on thepurpose of its use. Our field of interest is specialized withradiation dosimetry studies using track-storing materials.0168-583X/95/$09.50 © 1995 EIsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved