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P. 1
Poverty Lecture Notes

Poverty Lecture Notes

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Published by: The JC Student on Jan 10, 2010
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08/18/2013

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JCI
Generol
Poper
2009:
Poverly Leclure
Noles
A,
Some
fast
fac*
{source:
www.gtobotissLJes.org)
Alrnost holf
the world
-
over
3
billion
people
-
iveon
less
thon
$2.50
o
doy.
The
GDP
(Gross
DomesiicProduci)
of
the
4lHeovily
lndebted
Poor Counlries{567
miltion
people)
isless
thon the v,eolihof ihe
world's
7
richesl
peoplecombined.
Neorly
o
billion
peopleenieredjhe2tsl
centuryunoble
lo
reod
o
book
or sign
lheir
nomes.
Less
lhon one
per
cenl
of
whoi
the
worldspenl
every
yeoron
weopons
wos needed
10pulevery
child
inlo
school
by
the
yeor
2000
ond
yet
it
did not hoppen.
I
billion
children
iive
in
poverly
{l
in
2
children
in
I
i-
the
world).
640
million live
wiihoLrl
odequoie
services.
10.6
rniliion
died
in
2003
beforethey reochedthe
oge
oi 5
(or
roughly
29,000
children
per
doy).
E.
(oncepts
Also
exisls
wilhin
weollhy
nolions
such
os
USA
where32
million
people,
or
l2%
of
ils
populolion,
llve
below
lhe
povedy
line.The
Poverty
Line.
This is
the
minimum
dondord
of
livingin
o socielyll
vories
fromsociely
io
society
(USAUS$1,000,
3d
Worid
U59250).lhe
poverty
Line
resufts
in
the
Nodh-South
Divi.leAbsolule
poverty.
A
condilion
in
which
o
person
is
deemecl
not
lo
permonenllyhoveenough
lo
sotisfy
bosic biologicol
needs
for food,
woler,
sheller
ond
clothing.
people
ore
molnourished,diseose+idden,
clre
vulneroble
lo
nolurol
ond
mon
mode
disosters
ond
live
in
oppollingcondilions.
Relqlive
poverly.
A
condilion
ln
which
o
person
is
deemeclnot
lo
hoveenough
lo
leocl
o
full lifecompored wiiholherpeoplein
lhe
communily.peoplelive
in conceniroled
colleclive
poverly
in
cily
slums,
withpeeling point
ond inodequoieheoling.
The
Poverty
Cycle.
lt
is
o
vicious
cycle,
o
trop,
which
leods
io o
culiureof
poverly.poor
home
conditions....low
educolion....poor
jobs....eorlymordoge....lorge
fomily....poorhome....
The
Shorl-term
Poor.
They
moveout ofpovertywiihin
o few
monihs, o
yecrr,
or
ol
mosl
o
few
yeors,The
long-term
Poor.
Poverty
losls
ol
leosi
B
yeo6.
Very
fewpeople
poss
povedy
ocross
generoiions.
Only
I
in
5persons
whoorepoor
os
children
ore
slill
poorwhen ihey
ore
oclulls.
 
C.
A"Closer
fooLat
(Poverty
i. Couses
of
Poverly
The
Theory
of
lnnote
lnferiority
.t"i-t
o
reloiionship
between
ihe
lock of
success
(presligeoi
job
ond
eornings)
ondihe
lock of intelligence
ond chorocier.
11
orgues
thot ihe
poorore
in
ihot
condilion
becouse
lhey
do nol
meosure
up
to
ihe
more
well
lo
do
in
inlellecluol
endowmenl ond
morollibre.
(This
theory
hos,
however,lorgely
been
rqecled
by
sociol scieniists)
rne
Theofo
of
Culturol
lnferiority
ctoims
lnoi
the
poorhove
diftereni
volue
syslems
ond
lifesiyles
from
lhe
resl
ol
sociely
ond
lhol
these
cullurol
differencesexploin
continued
poverly.such cullure
resulh
lrom
oclopiinglo lhe
condilions olpoverly.Hence,
lhe
poororesoid
io
hove
o
presenl-time
orienioiionrolher thon
fulure+imeorienlolion,
which
thereforemokes
them
less
opl lo
defergrolificolion,
less
likely
lo
be
inleresled
in fonnol educolion,
more fololislic
ond
unwiling
lo
seek
opporiuniiies
ond
more
resisloni
iowords
loking
responsibilily
for iheir
own economicwell-being.
tn
recenl
yeors,
cUltUrol
explonotions
seem
lo
hove mode
o
comebock.
The
l9B5
book
Underdeve/opment
Is
o slole of
Mind
hos
recenlly been
reissued,
which
cloims
lhol
Lolin Americon
poverly
is
cousedby Colholic
volues
inheiied
by
Lotin
Americon
counlries.Politicol scienlist Somuel
Hunlingion
colloboroiedwith
Horrison
on on
ediled
volume colled
Cullore
Mofters:
How
Voloes
Shope Humon
Progress.
Al
ihe
some
iime,
lhe
World
Bonk
begon
lo
pickupthe lheme
of
cullurol
explonolions,
pulling
milions
of
dolors
inlo
new
reseorch
ond
conferences on
lhe
subjecl,
ond
funding
projecls
inpoor
counlries
mode
1o
chonge culllrrol
volues.
Sociologisi
Mox
weber
wos
lhe
firsl
fo
suggesl
ihol
it
wos
cullurol
volues
tholoffect
howeconomicolly
successful
o
person
would
be.
ln
his
Ihe
Proleslonl
Ethic
ond
the
Spiilof
Copifolism,
he
orgues
thot lhe
Proleslont
Reformolion
led
10
volues
lhoi
drove
peopleloword
worldly ochievements,
o
hord
wo*
ethic,
ond
soving
lo
occumuloleweolih.
Oihers
exponded
on
weber's
ideos,
producing
modernizolion lheory
ondputling
forword
o
process
thol
oll
notions should
follow
to become
odvonced
induslriol
notions.
They
believedthot to
redJLepoverly. volue\ono
olliludes
murt be
chonqed.
 
Experts
otso
highttght
Structurol
Theories
thoi
point
the
finsers
or
lnstitutionol
Discriminolion,
which
occurs
when
the
cuslomory
woys
of
doing
ihings,prevoiing
oliilucies
ond
expeclolions,
ond
occepled
slruciurol
crrTongemenls
work
io
the
disodvontoge
of
the
poor,
ior
povedy.
For
one,
l-flo51
good
jobs
feqUife highef
educoiion.
bur
rhe
poor
connol
offord
to
send
their
children
to
college,
which
therefore meons
thoi
they
CoFthol
goin
occess
to
lhe
very
some
jobs.
There
courd
otso
oe
limited
opporlunities
in
life
for
rociol
minOfities,
who mcy
foce
discriminoiion
in lerms
ofemptoymeni,
Ond
WOmen,
who
moy be
disodvantoged
by lheir
very
troditionol
roleos
coreqiver
ond
nuriuTeT.
Uglqylig
s
ethnic
lndion communily
stogedils
biggesl onli-governmenlsireet
proteti
on
Sundoy
when
more
thon
10,000
proteslers
defied
ieor
gosoncl
woter
connon
lo
voicecomplainls
of
rociol
discdminolion.
Mony
prolesiers
complo
ned
of
o
lock
of
educolionolond
business
opporlunilies,
so/ng
o
governmenl
ofiirmolive-oclion
policy
in
fovorof mojorily
eihnic
Mcrlqys
hod
morginolized
them.Opposiliongroupssoy
lhe
mosisevere
coses
of
poverly
exisl
omong
lndions. Broughl
over
os
indenluredlobor from
the
lote
lB00s
by coloniolrulerBriioin,lndions
worked Moloyos rubber
esioles.
These
esioies
were
lclter
broken
up,
forcing
mony
unskilled
lndion
workers
inlo
poveriy
in
lhe
ciiy.
fl
I
Nov
07,
Ihe
Siroits limes,l
Some
cloim
lhoi
poverty
is
olso
lhe
producj
of
cleindustrio
izoiion.
As
ihe
LJ.S.
shifls
from
o
monufoclurjng,
induslriol
socieiy
ioo
service-orienl--d, high
tech
society, mony
of
the
b
ue,
col
crrjobs
lhoi
requirecl
ljlile
edLJcolion
bul
poidwell
ore
disoppeoring
or
beinq oulsourced-
Even tomilies
withhvo
workingporenls
ore
oflen
one
slice
of bod
luck
,
o
medicol
bili
or
'oclorv
clo\L
A
owoy'ro'n
di,osle'.
The
mini.nu.n
wooe
ol
$5.15(!2.95)on
l^our
ho1
nor ri(en
since
1997
ond,
odjr.rsled
for
inflolion,
is
ol
iis
lowest
since
1956.
The
qop
between
ihe
hoves
oncllho
hove
nor5
looms
wder
rhon
e!e..
Mony
believe
i
is
-he
chorgi.rg
fo.e
o'
lhe
U_!
economy.
Tulso
hos
been devosloled
by
job
iosses.
Big-nome
firms
like
Wo;dCom,
Willioms
Energy
ond
Citco
hove
closecl or
moved, costing
thecily
oboul
24,000
jobs.Now Wol,Modembodies lhe new Americon
job
morkef: low
woges,few beneflls.WelLpoid work
onLy
goes
lo
lhe
universily
educoled.
Mony
others
who
just
compleie
high
schoolfoce
o
bleok
future.
lnTexos
more
lhon
o thirdof studenls
enle
ngpublic
high schools
now
clrop
oul.
These
people
ore enlering
lhe
frogileworld
of
the workingpoor,
where eoch
doy
is
o
mere step
owoy
from
trogedy,
I
l9
Februory
2006, The
ObseNer)

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