How ADSL increases its bandwidth in compare to Modems while they adopt the
ADSL and Modems.
Although Modems and ADSL adopt the same facilities from telephone companies, they have differentcapability on bandwidth; Modems provides internet service with 56 Kbps, while their kinsman ADSLcould support more than 10Mbps service. The differences come from their configurations.a.
Modems.Figure 1. The configuration of Modems.When a computer wishes to send digital signals through a dial-up line, the data must first be convertedto analog form by a modem. These analog signals then transmitted through local hop to codec in whichthey will be reconverted to digital form, fig. 1.As telephone was invented to carry human voice, which meaningful frequency varies from 300Hz to3400Hz, the entire system has been optimized for this purpose. At the point each local loop meets theend office, the wire run through a filter that attenuates all frequencies below 300Hz and above 3400Hz.The cutoff is 3dB, we the bandwidth is quoted 4000Hz.As Nyquist theory, f
= 4 KHz * 2 = 8Khz.The number of bits per sample in the US and the worldwide is 8, in which 7 bits are for data, the rest 1bit is for control. Therefore, its bit rate is 7*8000 = 56000bps. In case of Europe, all 8 bits are availablefor data, its bit rate is 8*8000 = 64000bps.